Statistics show that pregnancy in the United States differs in many parts of the country, according to the Office of Adolescent Health in the southwest and southeast region, pregnancy rates are higher rate than any other region. You will see the numbers range from 28-34.6 teenage girls,compared to the Northeastern and MidWest where pregnancy is at an all time low. The readings showing numbers from 8.5-15 young girls being the average birth rate in that certain region. In the United States the national birth rate for underage mothers hit another record low for U.S. teens and has dropped 7% from 2016. Birth rates fell 10% for women aged 15-17 years and 6% for women aged 18-19 years (About Teen Pregnancy). A major change that took teenage pregnancy by a drastic turn was when insurance companies were required to provide birth control pills and any form of contraceptives to women at no cost. The Affordable Care Act, helps many teen gain access to contraceptives which would make it easier to decrease the pregnancy birth rate. Yes, the United States may be decreasing in birth rates but compared to the countries, the statistics above prove that the United States is number one concerning the highest birth rates. In 2012, the births per 1000 women aged 15-19 was at a high of 29.4 women in the United States compared to the UK where the number was 19.7. Following the UK, was France with a high of 10.7. The country with the lowest birth rate was Sweden with the birth rates totaled at 5.4, with both Netherlands and Denmark having the average around 4.4. Teenage pregnancy varies on the type of government and laws they have or on how parents teach their kids on whats good or bad. Therefore, for the information to be all over the place is completely normal because not all countries have the same guidelines.
Every young mother going through a pregnancy at a young age already have the stress and a change in emotions, this suggests for young mothers to have that extra hand for support. During a pregnancy “women” around the age of 35 run the risk of a health scare, compared to teenage girls who have a greater chance of a risk with their pregnancy. A procedure that doctors recommend to a pregnant mother is called “Prenatal Care”. Prenatal Care is highly suggested because this procedure is used to screen the pregnancy throughout the entire 39 weeks. With this, doctors are able to view the fetus at an early stage to determine if the baby has early signs of birth defects, weight problems or even kidney to heart problems. It is suggested that prenatal vitamins should be taken , these vitamins help the fetus and mother fight birth defects. In the event that a young mother does not have the support to get prenatal care, then the risks that can occur can be: “low birth weight/premature birth, anemia (low iron levels), high blood pressure/pregnancy induced hypertension, a higher rate of infant mortality (death), possible greater risk of cephalopelvic disproportion(the baby’s head is wider than the pelvic opening) (Teenage Pregnancy: Medical Risks and Realities). Obtaining the full support from a parent is “key” during a full pregnancy. This supports the fact that with a guiding hand it can bring a teenage mother to a healthy and safe pregnancy.
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