Essay About Racism in The United States of America
The united states are also known as the most ideal country of freedom, justice, peace, liberty, and equality. When we look behind our history we have come a long way. We have many leaders who helped America from racial injustice. One of the leaders who helped African Americans from racial injustice was Martin Luther King Jr. Many slaves were transported to the united states during the 17th century. These slaves were denied the right to vote and the right to be educated. The legislature of Mississippi established a law that denied blacks by giving them rights. These histories helped the united states to maintain a safe racial relation today.
In 1865, the Mississippi black code law was established for the blacks because they don’t have the right to own the land or earn money by farming independently. The results of the black code were segregation of public spaces and they were not able to read or write, they cannot marry whites and they could not keep or rent a house. The violation of this code would result in punishments. The aim of these black codes was to bring slavery back. These African Americans should have a job and if they did not have a job then the police can arrest them. “it shall be the duty of the sheriff to arrest such freedman, free negro, or mulatto or such person refusing or neglecting to pay such tax “stated in the Mississippi vagrant law. The vagrant law said that if someone saw a black person without any form of a job, they could be arrested. The Penal law did not allow black people to insult or assault a white person. If they did, they will be fined. The black codes were a form of social control and the law made it illegal for blacks to interact with whites.
The 14th Amendment says that “All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This Amendment has given the right for everyone who were born here that they should have the same right as the whites in America.
When we hear the term “racism”, the first thing that comes to our mind is Slavery. During the 17th century, racism was brought into the united states. Mostly it affected the African Americans during that time. Martin Luther King is one of the reason that we are living in a safe society which has no or less racism involved. In 1963, Martin Luther King wrote a letter to his fellow clergymen from Birmingham city jail which explains the racial discrimination and the injustice to the black society. Martin Luther King did not want a violent protest. He used Nonviolent protests so that they didn’t harm others as per the Christian beliefs. “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored”. This letter was a spark for the civil rights movement. The civil right movement act of 1964 gave millions of people in the united states hope and equality. It intended to stop discrimination against people because of their race, religion, sex, and color. It ended segregation in public places. This allowed people of every race and color to go to the same school and people can work in the same places. The act was for Asians, Hispanics, and African Americans. The people behind the act were John.F.Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Martin Luther King Jr. These people brought many new opportunities for the people who were once neglected from society. The law has made a huge difference in people’s life.
When we look back into history, we can see that many African Americans have suffered during that time. The Mississippi black code made a difference in African American society. They were denied the right to vote and to be educated. If we did not have a leader like Martin Luther King, we would not able to have a better life. The civil rights of 1964 had helped African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics to have the right to vote and have equal rights in all the sectors. The civil right act made society safer for African Americans and racism has decreased from 1865 to now. Even in today’s world, we see racism in one way or the other. Let us join to fight against racism and build a better world.