Thermodynamics Essays

3 essay samples found

Freezing Step in Lyophilization

1. Introduction Lyophilization respectively freeze-drying is an important and well-established process to improve the long-term stability of labile drugs, especially therapeutic proteins.[1] About 50% of the currently marketed biopharmaceuticals are lyophilized, representing the most common formulation strategy.[2] In the freeze-dried solid state chemical or physical degradation reactions are inhibited or sufficiently decelerated, resulting in an […]

Pages: 48 Words: 14495 Topics: Glass, Ice, Nature, Thermodynamics

Application of Thermal Insulation in Buildings in Malaysia

1.2 – Problem Statement Energy saving in buildings has become a question of crucial importance in many countries. At the same time, the requirements for satisfactory indoor climate with low electricity consumption have increased which prompt the supply and demand for energy efficient homes. The battle against global warming shall start from home insulation to […]

Pages: 23 Words: 6789 Topics: Energy Conservation, Greenhouse Effect, Heat Transfer, Manufacturing, Nature, Thermodynamics
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Determination of Heat of Neutralization

PRACTICAL 15:DETERMINATION OF HEAT OF NEUTRALIZATION Data collection: |Reaction |Initial Temperature/°C (±0. 25) |Final Temperature of Mixture/°C (±0. 25) | | |Acid |Base | | |HNO3 + NaOH |28. 00 |28. 25 |34. 50 | |HNO3 + KOH |28. 25 |28. 25 |34. 00 | |HCl + NaOH |28. 25 |28. 00 |34. 5 | […]

Pages: 2 Words: 745 Topics: Solution, Thermodynamics