European Union Essays

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90 essay samples found

Biological Control

Summary Following numerous discussions of the risks associated with biological control, (see Howarth, 1991; Simberloff & Stiling 1996; Thomas & Willis 1998) literature was reviewed in order to investigate whether biological control was an environmentally friendly or a risky business. Although a lack of firm evidence suggests that risks may be ‘perceived’ rather than ‘real’, […]

Pages: 39 Words: 11640 Topics: European Union, Genetic Engineering, Genetically Modified Crops, Invasive Species, Pesticide, Research, Risk

Opportunities and Challenges Presented by Globalization

Opportunities and challenges presented by Globalization :IT Service providers in Continental Europe EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Enterprises within Europe are increasingly trying to seek the advantages of global sourcing. Unlike enterprises in U.S. or U.K., continental European countries have historically been reluctant to engage with offshore providers. The reasons were far stretched, ranging from political sensitivity, labor […]

Pages: 28 Words: 8498 Topics: Competition, Economy, European Union, Market, Outsourcing, Project Management, Risk Management
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Albanian Mobile Communications

Albanian Mobile Communications 2. Abstract 3. Introduction 4. Literature review Market segments characteristics. (Demands type) Business and Residential are the main customer segments for Data and Internet services. According to ERG Report on regulation of access products necessary to deliver the business connectivity, business customers distributed with remote branches/offices nationally, tend to order wholesale services […]

Pages: 33 Words: 9907 Topics: Competition, Computer Networking, Economic Growth, European Union, Poverty

Ukraines History of Military and Energy Sources

Ukraine as a Military Power Ukraine entered World War I on both of the Central Powers side (German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria) under Austria, and the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France and Russia), under Russia. There were 3.5 million Ukrainians that fought with the Imperial Russian Army, and 250,000 […]

Pages: 65 Words: 19442 Topics: European Union, Government, International Relations, Nato, Natural Gas, Ukraine

Economic Globalisation and Competition

1. Introduction Competition is a vital mechanism of the market economy and is an efficient means of guaranteeing consumers a level of quality in terms of the value and price of products and services. Economic globalization has increased volatile growth within international trade and as a result in subject of competition law. Article 81(1) of […]

Pages: 63 Words: 18966 Topics: Competition, Contract, Distribution, Economy, European Union, Market

EMU SGP Rules | Economics Dissertations

To what extent is the EMU hampered by inflexible SGP rules 1.0 Introduction: The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) The Stability and Growth Pact is designed to ensure sound public finances and acts as a pre-requisite in achieving long term economic growth. This economic growth can only be achieved through sound monetary and fiscal policies. […]

Pages: 19 Words: 5730 Topics: Economy, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Unemployment

Food Processing Agricultural | Economics Dissertations

Food Processing in Agricultural Regions. Agricultural regions in any country, including the United Kingdom, have historically been seen as poorer neighbours to the more industrialised areas of any particular country (Pierpont 1997). This position has been brought about mainly as a result of the fact that pay, employment opportunity and economic output tends to be […]

Pages: 23 Words: 6888 Topics: Employment, European Union, Research, Retail, Supermarket, Supply Chain, United Kingdom

Ghana Economic Growth | Economics Dissertations

Ghana. What are you doing here? An analytical review of the effect of conflict, politics and resources on the economic growth of the country. 1.0. Introduction 1.1. Ghana in 1957 Some fifty years ago, Dr Kwame Nkrumah stood before a throng of cheering fellow Ghanaians, proclaiming independence from the British Empire. “At long last, the […]

Pages: 50 Words: 15098 Topics: Dependency Theory, European Union, Free Trade, Ghana, Neoliberalism, Protectionism, Trade

Impact of Mergers and Acquisitions on Operating Performanc

Chapter-1: Introduction 1.1 Introduction Along with boosting their own profits, businesses create gains for their shareholders and exist to serve customers. According to Ghosh and Das (2003) these aims can be achieved a) by reducing costs since this increases competitiveness and market share and so wins over more customers, b) by capturing wider markets through […]

Pages: 22 Words: 6686 Topics: Competition, Economic Growth, Economy, European Union, Market, Research

Ireland’s Economic Boom

Ireland’s Economic Boom 1 Comparison of Ireland’s (1987-2007) Economic Growth to that of Luxembourg (1985-2001). CHAPTER 1 1.1 Abstract Ireland’s economic transformation from a mere third world agricultural economy to a world-class hi-tech economy remains an issue worth analyzing. As compared to the economic growth of its counterparts in the European Union -for instance Luxembourg […]

Pages: 36 Words: 10812 Topics: Economic Growth, Employment, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Tax, United States

Stability & Growth

THE INEFFECTIVE & UNWORKABLE STABILITY & GROWTH PACT Abstract The paper presented provides a discussion and evaluation of the functioning of the fiscal discipline instrument; it was designed in the early 1990’s for inclusion in the Maastricht Treaty, refined in 1997 with the creation of the Stability & Growth Pact (hereafter, ‘SGP’), and reformed in […]

Pages: 51 Words: 15311 Topics: Economy, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Government, Greece, Interest, Monetary Policy

Vat Rise – a Tool for Stabilization of Latvia’s Economy for the Subsequent Introduction of the Euro in 2014

1. Introduction In January 2011 several European countries, including Latvia, increased their value added tax for products and services. The VAT base rate rose from 21% to 22% and reduced VAT rates from 10% to 12%. Every time when Latvian ministers make some economical decisions, it leads to anger and disappointment of people. In the […]

Pages: 39 Words: 11631 Topics: Economy, European Union, Government, Income Tax, Tax

The Learning and Teaching Methods of Citizenship PSHE Education | Education Dissertation

This project addresses the problems that are currently being encountered with regard to the delivery of citizenship and PHSE within UK schools. To give emergent themes context – an historical review of their academic treatment is presented. This is broadened by considering the United States delivery of these subjects to determine whether the UK can […]

Pages: 30 Words: 8914 Topics: Citizenship, Curriculum, European Union, Learning, Research, Sex Education, Teacher

Define Motorcycle

INTRODUCTION It is difficult to define exactly what a motorcycle is, because in its many forms it has come to represent many things to many people. From mode of transport, to leisure-pursuit enjoyed by many at the weekend, through to work of art, a consequence of designs expressing automotive elegance and beauty deemed by many […]

Pages: 36 Words: 10873 Topics: European Union, Motorcycle, Qualitative Research, Research, Risk, Safety, Schema

Eu has Constantly Developed Different Policies

2. Literature Review      According to data from 2005, about 90% of the EU-27 territory is considered rural (predominantly rural and intermediate regions) where 54% of the population lives (EU, 2008). Hence, that the EU has constantly developed different policies orientated to these particular regions.      Large amount of studies have been done over the years about […]

Pages: 45 Words: 13574 Topics: Biodiversity, Cooperative, Employment, European Union, Renewable Energy, Spain, Sustainability

Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION “Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is 20 year old tool for environmental management, not living up to its full potential”. (Mudge, 1993). This chapter describes the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) planning process as conventionally depicted in subsequent EIA texts and guidelines. EIA characteristics and objectives are first presented because EIA planning process characterisations […]

Pages: 52 Words: 15488 Topics: Case Study, Directive, Environmental Law, Environmental Protection, European Union, National Security, Research

Cyprus’ Accession in NATO’s Programme Partnership for Peace | European Studies Dissertations

ABSTRACT: The contemporary political debate which has emerged recently in the political arena of Cyprus regarding the issue of Cyprus’ accession in NATO’s programme Partnership for Peace (PfP) provoked a rich discussion concerning the historical orientation of the country’s foreign policy. Although Cyprus has been a full member of the European Union since the 1st […]

Pages: 31 Words: 9220 Topics: European Union, Government, International Relations, Nato, Research, Turkey

TCN European Union | European Studies Dissertations

Introduction The following working paper presents the Social assistance and social advantages in the European Union and third country nationals (with special attention for Turkish persons). It has been organized in seven main chapters which are summarized briefly in the following paragraphs. In order to have a view of what makes the legal basis for […]

Pages: 52 Words: 15625 Topics: Citizenship, Employment, European Union, Human Rights, Immigration, Refugee, Welfare

Competition and Integration Strategies of Stock Exchanges

Abstract The increase in competition of stock exchanges, due mainly to the transformation of the securities markets, has led to mergers, technological agreements among existing exchanges, price wars, takeovers, and the creation of new exchanges, even within the same country. Recently, exchanges have also faced competition from quasi-exchanges, which are also known as ECNs. They […]

Pages: 35 Words: 10519 Topics: Competition, European Union, Monopoly, Research, Stock Market, Strategic Management, Trade

Effects of Cross Border Bank Mergers on Performance

BACKGROUND: Being a developed economy the European Banking sector is undergoing a process of restricting which may be mainly because of ever permanent trends like disintermediation, deregulation and the ever increasing competition and the very obvious proof of this restricting is the increasing number of mergers and acquisitions. I f we look back we will […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1941 Topics: Bank, Economy, European Union, Research

The Impact of Fdi on European Economic Development

INTRODUCTION The functioning of a market economy under the conditions required by efficiency demands important financial resources, whose allocation must be directed to those areas which in their turn can generate value added and resume the active process of creating added value. If for a company the investment are realised mainly from classical sources, respectively […]

Pages: 12 Words: 3564 Topics: Capital, Economic Growth, Economy, Employment, European Union, Investment, Market Economy

Myanmar

Introduction Myanmar (Burma – renamed Myanmar in 1989) has never seen sustained conflict-free periods since its independence in 1948. The military has ruled the country since 1962. In 1988, pro-democracy protests were crushed. In 1990, free and fair national elections were held in Myanmar for the first time in 30 years. The National League for […]

Pages: 62 Words: 18585 Topics: Economy, European Union, Government, International Relations, Myanmar

EGovernment

BENCHMARKING EGOVERNMENT SERVICESS Abstract: Governments around the world have embraced the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). This represents a relatively new branch of study within the IT field. EGovernment Services are provided through many different means of access and to a variance of audiences, citizens, businesses or even other governmental entities. After clarifying […]

Pages: 38 Words: 11470 Topics: Benchmarking, European Union, Evaluation, Procurement, Research

A Reform of the Legal Order

Abstract This paper is focussed on a reform of the legal order, and in partiucular – reform of the judiciary – as an EU pre-accession condition. I would like to explore to which extent the experience of ‘new’ EU member states, in particular those of the CEE, in reforming their court system, should be used […]

Pages: 41 Words: 12226 Topics: European Union, Government, Justice, Social Institutions

Challenges and Opportunities

Introduction Faced with the challenges and risks arising in the process of economic globalization and world order, Europe is trying to respond adequately to it, namely, creating a general political unity, and forming a European identity. Within the EU there is ramified mechanism of economic, political and legal organs and institutions, carried out the interaction […]

Pages: 36 Words: 10705 Topics: European Union, Government, International Relations, Military, Nato, United States

The Post Colonial Phenomenon

Introduction: Although the concept of collective identity is a post-colonial phenomenon, a few nations would describe themselves under a collective identity before the modern times of the 19th Century. In fact, Europe is historically unique in terms that it has been the people living in the continent of Europe who have persistently described themselves as […]

Pages: 54 Words: 16120 Topics: Citizenship, Cultural Identity, European Integration, European Union, Identity, Multiculturalism, Nationalism

The Question Surfaced

Soon after the Tito?s split with Stalin in 1948 at the beginning of the 1950s, the question surfaced as to how much foreign aid Tito?s Yugoslavia would need. The American economic analyst answered in terms of billions of U.S. dollars, and then one of the highest ranking American administration officials replied that it was important […]

Pages: 32 Words: 9657 Topics: European Union, Government, International Relations, Soviet Union

Hospitality and Catering | Leisure Management Dissertations

Can social responsibilities effect the productivity of organisations in the Hospitality and catering Public thinking and opinion are the contents of the crucible from which the social fabric of a community, town, region, nation and international community are borne. The very nature of this arena (social consciousness), is an on-going evolutionary process which is reflective […]

Pages: 33 Words: 9999 Topics: Economic Growth, Employment, European Union, Productivity, Research, Salary, Trade Union

The Success of Generic Medicines in the Worldwide Pharmaceutical Industry

Chapter 1 Executive Summary This research will look at the adoption of generic medicines in specific three countries in Europe (The Netherlands, Poland and Portugal). These three countries have a significant difference in adoption; the reasons for this adoption difference can be explained by several regulations which are implemented by these countries. In previous research […]

Pages: 23 Words: 6882 Topics: Adoption, European Union, Health Care, Medication, Pharmacist, Pharmacy, Pricing

The Likely Manifestations of Terrorism Globally

Chapter 1 Introduction The Threat from Terrorism There are very few humans in the world today who have not had their lives altered or affected in some way through terrorist acts or the threat from terrorism. The highly publicized terrorist attacks in the United States, London, Madrid, and Mumbai were seen worldwide and have lead […]

Pages: 19 Words: 5816 Topics: European Union, Islam, Nationalism, Terrorism
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