Democracy Essays

132 essay samples found

History Civlization : Athenian Democracy

Democracy is a governing system in which supremacy and power is vested in the hands of the people. It is exercised through voting to determine the will of the majority. Athens was an example of a democratic city as described by Pericles who once said that it respected the will of the majority (Thucydides 58). […]

Pages: 3 Words: 843 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Government, Justice, Leadership, Political Science, Social Institutions

On Democracy & the Division of Power

Aristotle felt that democracy was essentially an unsuccessful endeavor that did not represent the true nature of governance. Aristotle believed many people were unfit to rule, and that people with money and time to concentrate on the best interests of people and country were more fit (the rich). If rulers were poor, they wouldn’t have […]

Pages: 1 Words: 358 Topics: Constitution, Democracy, Ethical Principles, Federalism, Government, Separation Of Powers, Virtue
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Jacksonian Democracy: was Andrew Jackson Really Democratic?

Andrew Jackson was a Lawyer and a landowner. He was the first person from the west to be elected as a member of the Senate and later the president of the United States. As many individuals know he became a national war hero after defeating the British in the battle of New Orleans during the […]

Pages: 3 Words: 990 Topics: Andrew Jackson, Democracy, Government, Social Institutions, United States

Friday Night Lights and Democracy in TV Drama

Peter Berg’s Friday Night Lights showcases the cold, fall nights of 1988 where a small Texas town, just like any other rural town in America, was brought together in such a raw and emotional way. Although the show is focused on the highly political sport of football, it is not only about football. The central […]

Pages: 3 Words: 780 Topics: Democracy

Why did Russia not Move Towards Democracy

Russian intelligence interfered with the United States 2016 presidential elections. Allegedly, hackers and trolls armed themselves with fake news and fake accounts that swung public perception and votes toward President Donald Trump, who won the election in a dramatic upset. This alleged breach of democratic institutions to influence an election in an effort to fulfill […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2287 Topics: Capitalism, Communism, Democracy, Russian Revolution, Soviet Union, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Putin

The Value of Democracy

To answer this question we can turn to the great Greek poet and soldier Aeschylus. Also known as the father of tragedy, Aeschylus was a great admirer of Athenian policy. He witnessed the change of policy from tyranny to democracy and was in awe of this new system. One of the biggest reasons why the […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1078 Topics: Athena, Democracy, Greek Mythology

Individualism and Democracy in America

Democracy was formulated as a governance approach to address the needs of different population groups. However, individualism in the society has overlooked this intended purpose whereby the needs of the majority poor are often ignored as they are of no financial gain both to the government and businesses. The author highlights a common practice by […]

Pages: 2 Words: 581 Topics: Bias, Democracy, Individualism, United States

Liberal Democracy and Capitalism after World War 1

The aftermath of the First World War proved it difficult for capitalism to be transformed into socialism in and peaceful way. A new ideology found its way in driving the world economy to respond to the changing economic and political spectrum that Britain and its empire was embedded. Capitalist competition was increasing amongst the states […]

Pages: 2 Words: 492 Topics: Capitalism, Cold War, Colonialism, Democracy, Diplomacy, War, World War 2

Political Parties in the United States

If you were taking a stroll down the street and asked any average American to describe our government, it’s quite likely that they would hatefully bring up the rising debt, political deadlocks and hate-filled campaign seasons. They would also probably mention the splitting of voters and our country between the two political parties– Republican and […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1294 Topics: Conservatism, Democracy, Election, Political Ideologies, Political Parties, United States, Voting

Liberal Democracy and Capitalism after World War 1

The aftermath of the First World War proved it difficult for capitalism to be transformed into socialism in and peaceful way. A new ideology found its way in driving the world economy to respond to the changing economic and political spectrum that Britain and its empire was embedded. Capitalist competition was increasing amongst the states […]

Pages: 2 Words: 492 Topics: Capitalism, Cold War, Colonialism, Democracy, Diplomacy, War, World War 2

The Enhancement of State Capacity Requires Democracy

When it comes to state building, we see that many developing countries have failed to maintain the political order and enforce their authority. The failure of the state to create a political order, leading to uncertain political authority and legitimacy, ineffective public policies and insecurity, especially for the minority groups and or the poor. The […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1014 Topics: Democracy, Economy, Police, Poverty, Poverty Reduction, State, Virtue

Growing up in the American Democracy

Growing up in the United States of America you learn at a young age that we live in a democracy. Kids dream of the day they turn eighteen and have the right to vote. The rights to voting have not always come so easy, there was once a time women and people of color could […]

Pages: 2 Words: 516 Topics: Democracy, Election, Government, Justice, Social Institutions, Voter Turnout, Voting

Taming Democracy

The American Revolution, how did it effect America? How did it evolve if it did? Before we answer any of those questions we must first answer the question of what the American revolution really was. The American revolution was something that some believed was inevitable due to the fact that the British government tried to […]

Pages: 2 Words: 556 Topics: American Revolution, British Empire, Democracy, Government, Political Ideologies, Political Science

Democracy in America

In today’s world, there are three types of democracy: majoritarian, pluralist, and elitist. Throughout our country’s history including today, the American people discuss and debate the type of democracy America adheres to and what type of government we should be using. In majoritarian democracy, the law or solution that the majority of citizens want is […]

Pages: 2 Words: 551 Topics: Democracy, Government, Lobbying, Political Science, Social Institutions, United States

Media in Democracy

We probably all agree that we are going through an unprecedented period in the history of our country. There is a lot of talk about the democratization of the United States, about the role of information in the formation of public opinion, of the electoral campaigns, about the campaign strategies in the presidential elections, and […]

Pages: 2 Words: 636 Topics: Communication, Democracy, Information, Mass Media, Negotiation, Political Science, Pragmatism

Development of Democracy as Political Theory

The political theory we study today is founded upon the history of the ancient Greeks, dating all the way back to the era of Western political philosophy. Political theory is the nature and purpose of human society; it analyzes and explains how our society came about, how it works, and why it exists. We study […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2435 Topics: Ancient Greece, Citizenship, Democracy, Government, Plato, Political Philosophy, Socrates

Voice of Democracy

You may think that your vote doesn’t matter; that speaking up for what you believe in would be like throwing a pebble in an ocean. It may make a small splash, but it wouldn’t affect the direction of the waves. But one voice joined together with others can create a tremendous change. One vote can […]

Pages: 2 Words: 704 Topics: Democracy, Government, Voting

Democracy VS Communism

Governance refers to the rules, norms, as well as values used by political leaders in managing public affairs. However, while some leaders argue that a democratic government is the best, others feel that a communism administration is the most suitable form of governance. Through democracy, citizens enjoy numerous benefits such as transparency, inclusivity, and greater […]

Pages: 2 Words: 591 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Justice, Liberty, Political Ideologies, Political Science, Social Issues

The Weakness of Liberal Democracy

As the title suggests, liberal democracy has weakness in its system that destroys itself. Brazil’s election came in favor of Mr. Bolsonaro, a right-wing advocate who supports violence, abuse of women, and ignorance of the minority. Within that same time frame, Angela Merkel who practically represents peace and stability in Germany has announced that she […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1447 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Government, Justice, Liberalism, Political Science, Social Issues

The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law

“The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law” by Barry R. Weingast uses game-theoretic models to investigate two basic puzzles. The first puzzle analyzes the connection between democratic stability and interests; interests meaning citizen versus elite values. The second puzzle looks into democratic stability in divided societies. With his model, Weingast is able […]

Pages: 3 Words: 823 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Government, Justice, Political Science, Social Institutions

Mainstream Media in a Democracy

Every citizen in their given country has the chance to vote and elect these representatives and people in power. Power can also be held directly by the people themselves as well. In a democracy, there is a belief of freedom and equality amongst the people as well as a system that is put in place […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1124 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Freedom of Speech, Mass Media, News, News Media, Social Media

Democracy in India

The Republic of India was created in 1950 and held its first elections in 1951. Universal suffrage (for adults) was adopted from the beginning, with contestation between 14 political parties. India is a parliamentary system with a bicameral legislature, the Rajya Sabha (upper house) consists of members appointed by the president and state legislatures. The […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1358 Topics: Democracy, Election, Government, Justice, Political Parties, Social Institutions

Jacksonian Democracy

Democracy in many eras is defined when someone is running for office and naturally against other political candidates. The citizens (usually wealthy men) have the decision to vote, for that specific candidate is put in position to make decision for the people in that society, whoever has the majority vote wins. Yes, I agree with […]

Pages: 2 Words: 655 Topics: All Men Are Created Equal, Andrew Jackson, Democracy, Ideology, Jacksonian Democracy, Liberty, Political Ideologies

Mainstream Media Supports a Democracy

How is it that mainstream media supports a democracy? Simple. Freedom of speech and expression that helps engage the public. A democracy is a form of government in which people can freely govern themselves as well as given power to elected representatives. Every citizen in their given country has the chance to vote and elect […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1930 Topics: Censorship, Democracy, Freedom of Speech, Mass Media, News, News Media, Social Media

The Theories of Democracy

July 4, 1776 was the date that the United States of America gained its freedom from the monarchy of Great Britain. The U.S. citizens could not take anymore of King George III’s rule and fought for a different government system, one where they could have a voice and independence. The U.S. was founded based upon […]

Pages: 2 Words: 709 Topics: Belief, Democracy, Government, Political Ideologies, Political Science, Social Institutions, United States

Does Democracy Ensure Freedom?

Most of us at one point in life we might have asked our self, does democracy ensure our freedom? According to me, democracy ensures freedom, however, it does not always ensure freedom. Democracy is a type governance where the supreme power established by people for them is controlled by then indirectly with the use of […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1410 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Election, Freedom, Government, Liberty, Representative Democracy, Voting

The Founding Fathers Democratic Reformers

Based on the views of the two it is clear that they provide it based on whether or not the founding father were democratic reformers at all. Between this two arguments, the young case gives out a more convincing evidence based on the same matter. John p. Roche on the other side opposes that the […]

Pages: 3 Words: 930 Topics: American Revolution, Citizenship, Constitution, Democracy, Government, Justice, Political Science, Social Institutions

Democracy and Bureaucrary are Incompatible

DEMOCRACY AND BUREAUCRARY ARE INCOMPATIBLE, DISCUSS USING ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES. The relationship between democracy and bureaucracy has generated much debate amongst scholars. Democracy is defined as a political system which supplies regular constitutional opportunities for changing the governing officials and the social mechanism which permits the largest possible part of the population to influence major decisions […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1846 Topics: Bureaucracy, Capitalism, Democracy, Leadership, Organization, Population, Socialism, State

Is Russia a True Democracy?

Is Russia a true democracy? Hague and Harrop (2013) argue that liberal democracy is a system with a representative and limited government that operates within an accepted framework for political competition between different political parties. Regular elections are based on universal suffrage and are free and fair where individual rights are respected (Hague and Harrop, […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2220 Topics: Democracy, Justice, Political Ideologies, Political Science, Social Institutions, Soviet Union, Vladimir Putin

Politics of Merger of Political Parties in India

India, a constitutional democracy having a parliamentary form of government and it holds a commitment at the heart of the system to conduct regular, free and fair elections. Due to these elections one may find the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of parliament, the presidency and vice- presidency, the state […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1237 Topics: Accountability, Democracy, Election, Justice, Political Parties, Social Institutions, Voting
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Essay about Democracy

Democracy is a system of government that is ruled by the people. It is a system that has a fair and just election system, offers protection of unalienable rights, and establishes laws that are applicable to all citizens. Power must flow from the people to those that lead the government. Democracy allows each person to be heard but requires each person to listen and be respectful. Democracy allows individuals to make their own decisions but offers consequences depending on those choices. Democracy allows for the citizens to not only elect public officials but to hold them accountable for their actions.

As public administrators, how do we ensure that Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy? “The tension between Democracy and Bureaucracy has bedeviled public administration” (Burke, 1989, p. 180). How do we ensure that public services are being provided by public administrators in the most efficient manner? “Public service in a Democracy is a paradox that has been and continues to be a central issue in public administration” (Cox, 2007, p. 3). Can public administrators exercise bureaucratic discretion? How do we hold public administrators accountable? How can citizens contribute and protect Democracy?

To ensure that Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy, the approach has to be multi-faceted. The first and major part of ensuring Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy is to ensure that we hire competent and responsible public administrators. Public administrators must be trustworthy, responsible, and held to a high standard. However, we must also understand that our public administrators are human and fallible. Public administrators should be neutrally implementing the popular will of the people. Public administrators should not merely be delivering customer service; they should be delivering Democracy.

Public administrators have an active role in protecting Democracy. “It was the Founders’ intent that all public servants should view the processes of government as a moral endeavor; theirs is not just to administer, but to assist in bringing the ideals of democracy into existence [in the everyday lives of citizens]….Therefore, the primary duty of public servants is to act as guardians and guarantors of the regime values for the American public” (Frederickson & Hart, 1997, pp. 205-206). Furthermore, if public administrators operate within the rule of law, we can ensure “…a governing system in which the highest authority is a body of law that applies equally to all (as opposed to the rule of men, in which the personal whim of those in power can decide any issue)” (Shafritz & Russell, 2005, p. 211).

Public administrators should be educated and knowledgeable, so their respective organizations can be managed appropriately. Public administrators are tasked with reconciling problems as they arise. Ensuring they are educated and knowledgeable, will help them resolve problems more efficiently. Public administrators are the “primary contact between the citizen and public organizations. When this contact is effectively carried out…public administration contributes to ongoing renewal and reaffirmation of the social contract” (Frederickson & Chandler, 1997, p. 210).

Once we hire public administrators that are competent and knowledgeable, we must ensure that public services are provided efficiently and effectively. In order to do so, we need checks and balances. Democracy ensures that the people are receiving proper and fair treatment when utilizing government services. In a Democracy all citizens are equal, therefore, Federal Law prohibits discrimination against citizens on the following basis: sexual orientation, religion, race, sex, physical disability, age, and national origin (Civil Rights Act of 1964). Our Democracy would be compromised if we allowed public administrators to discriminate against the same people they serve.

Additionally, citizens have to take an active approach and participate in everyday public life. Citizens must stay informed about political issues, social issues, and how their representatives are using their powers. Citizens need to question their government while respecting its authority. In order to avoid anarchy and promote Democracy, citizens should follow the law. Lastly, citizens must know who they are voting for and why they are voting for that particular person.

The final way to ensure that Democracy is not overtaken by Bureaucracy is to allow public administrators to exercise discretion. Implementation will either require administrative or bureaucratic discretion. “Administrative discretion is to be sure a fundamental concept within public administration and the theory of representative bureaucracy. It lies at its very core, especially in terms of active representation on the part of public servants. Scholars tend to agree that in order for administrators to engage in representation, they need to have access to administrative discretion first before they can decide to creatively make use of it” (Denhardt & DeLeon, 1995; Meier & Bohte, 2001; Meier & Stewart, 1991; Sowa & Selden, 2003).

While our system of Democracy may not be perfect, it has withstood the test of time. Hiring competent and trustworthy public administrators, providing checks and balances on the public services being offered, and allowing our public administrators to exercise discretion will help protect Democracy. Active participation by citizens will help strengthen Democracy. We did not achieve everything by receiving everything. Democracy requires understanding and compromise.