Essays on Democracy

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Wright’s Thinking American Declaration of Independence

He lived with his parents and other two brothers, Cedric and Roscoe, in a low-state house in the outskirts of Chicago. The family depended on income from ordinary jobs. Among the three children, Wright grew up as rather astute and curious person, a behavior that would always land him into trouble with the boys from […]

Pages: 3 Words: 867 Topics: Declaration of Independence, Democracy, Racism, United States

On George Orwell Politics

George Orwell’s memoir, Homage to Catalonia, draws the reader into action right from the beginning. I believe this is because of the writer’s ability to give his readers a first-hand account of his experience in the Spanish Civil War. In actuality, Orwell immediately implies to his readers that this is not an objectively historical essay, […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1395 Topics: Democracy, Fascism, George Orwell
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What did 19th Amendment Women’s Suffrage Cause

In the history of the United States of America there has always been controversy in gender inequality and racial discrimination whether it’s segregation in schools, and the many walls that the typical “American family” stereotype has created towards women as a way to teach them where they “belong”. As time passes by, the world begins […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1675 Topics: Democracy, Human Rights, Social Issues, Women's Rights

Similarities and Differences between the Jefferson and the Jacksonian Era

Thomas Jefferson was one of the founding fathers of the United States (Library of Congress. 1). He wrote the Declaration of Independence and ruled the nation as the president since 1801 and died in 1826. On the other hand, Andrew Jackson introduced electoral reforms after winning the presidency in 1829 (Freidel & Sidey 1). Jefferson […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1414 Topics: Andrew Jackson, Democracy, Thomas Jefferson, United States

Gerrymandering is the US

Introduction In the United States, we believe that each person has one vote and that each vote counts equally among all other votes. But what if I told you that that is far from the case. Gerrymandering, which is the practice of drawing district lines for a political advantage, ensures us that not all votes […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1481 Topics: Accountability, Democracy, Election, Government

Big Money, Big Problems

Money and politics are two words that are hard to separate. Money has ruled the political scene in the United States for years, and there is no sign of that changing or slowing down. In 1895 Senator Mark Hanna was quoted saying “There are two things that are important in politics. The first is money, […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1848 Topics: Democracy, Donald Trump, Government, United States

Capitalism Within the American Stat

At the end of World War II, the United States emerged as the dominant economic, political, and technological power of the world. Since then, the United States’ has sustained an almost unrivaled hegemon, and overseen the establishment of a new world political economic order centered around a democratic capitalist society. The postwar institutions it helped […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2053 Topics: Capitalism, Democracy, Donald Trump, Socialism, United States

Political Philosophy

Political philosophy is a very tough thing to fully nail down. It’s easy to take a look at a particular political issue and take a stance, but when you zoom out and look at the more abstract concepts lurking behind the scenes of everyday politics it becomes much murkier. However, in thinking about these issues […]

Pages: 12 Words: 3453 Topics: Capitalism, Democracy, Election, Ethical Principles, Political Ideologies, Political Science

Democratic Government of United States of America

The United States, hereafter “U.S.”, is political system inspired partly by British or United Kingdom hereafter “UK”, but differs in several ways. The most significant way the British differs is that it has a democratic government which includes a prime minister and monarch. On the other hand, the U.S. has a federal constitutional republic with […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2059 Topics: Conservatism, Constitution, Democracy, Election, Government, Justice, Political Science, Separation Of Powers, Supreme Court, Tax, United Kingdom, United States

British Perspective of the American Revolution

US history has been characterized by the idea that the people should rise up when the government is overstepping its bounds or infringing on the rights of the people. This is clearly seen in the periods of uprisings and riots that expressed opposition to the actions of the governments. However, these uprisings continue throughout the […]

Pages: 3 Words: 873 Topics: American Revolution, Boston Tea Party, Democracy, Government

Problems of American History

Cornel West is the author of Democracy Matters, Winning the Fight Against Imperialism. It was published by the Penguin Group in 2004. Cornel West is best known for his literary work, Race Matters, which analyzes the impact race has had in American history. In Democracy Matters, West dives into the problematic behavior of the United […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1303 Topics: Behavior, Consumerism, Democracy, Hope, Imperialism, Liberalism, Political Ideologies, United States

Roosevelt and Wilson’s Attitudes and Ideologies Towards Blacks

It is with no doubt that Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt are amongst the greatest presidents of America. I feel that both presidents were equally important to blacks in what they said, pursued and did. In different ways, both contributed a lot to make the country what it is today.  They had their own beliefs […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1711 Topics: Communism, Democracy, Political Ideologies, Political Science

The Supreme Court of the United States of America

The Supreme Court of the United States of America has, for the last twenty years, been a hotbed for political strife and intrigue. It has also seeped its way into the eyes of the public through media coverage and hotly partisan opinions by both democrats and republicans and their respective clashing ideologies. The way justices […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1789 Topics: Democracy, Government, Lobbying, Republican Party, Supreme Court, United States

Life after September 11

The United States consists of many different races and many different types of people, but our country has the capacity to hold a lot more. Immigration is on the minds of almost all citizens at a time where letting one person in could be the downfall of our country.  Bret Stephens, an opinion columnist from […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1626 Topics: 9/11, American Dream, Citizenship, Democracy, Immigration, Social Issues, United States

According to Ancient History Encyclopedia

Ancient greece is located in the southwestern part of Europe. According to Ancient history Encyclopedia ”Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy(Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer And Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (Herodotus), drama (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), the Olympic Games, and democracy.” The countries that were a part of this ancient […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1642 Topics: Ancient Greece, Democracy, Festival

Andrew Jackson: a Supporter of Artist

Andrew Jackson once said, the goal is to strive for a poor government, but a rich people. Born into poverty and orphaned at the young age of 14, Andrew Jackson was not born into the category of rich people he claimed to idealize in his presidency. Spoken of as the common man, Jackson was said […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1469 Topics: Andrew Jackson, Democracy, Government, Jacksonian Democracy, Money

Ancient Rome and Greece

What importance did the Battles of Marathon and Salamis, and the Punic Wars have for Ancient Greece and Rome? Ancient Greece: The battle of Marathon took place in 490 BC during the first Persian invasion on Greece. Citizens of Athens and citizens of Plataea revolted against the Persian army. The battle was a very big […]

Pages: 10 Words: 2976 Topics: Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Democracy, Julius Caesar, Roman Empire

An Author of the Declaration of Independence

On our third president’s gravestone, Thomas Jefferson is proclaimed as both an author of the Declaration of Independence and the father of the University of Virginia, yet there is nothing mentioned about his time as the highest political rank in American history. This is primarily due to the fact that Jefferson’s presidential run was extremely […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2058 Topics: Belief, Democracy, Liberalism, Liberty, Tax, Thomas Jefferson, United States

Primary Source in American History

Americans wanted freedom and to be able to vote for their government. They thought that they would be a united front and be able to stand alone and finally receive peace. Yet problems were already starting to arise. One of the contradictions was that George Washington thought that there shouldn’t really be any political parties. […]

Pages: 2 Words: 658 Topics: Democracy, United States, World History

On Democracy & the Division of Power

Aristotle felt that democracy was essentially an unsuccessful endeavor that did not represent the true nature of governance. Aristotle believed many people were unfit to rule, and that people with money and time to concentrate on the best interests of people and country were more fit (the rich). If rulers were poor, they wouldn’t have […]

Pages: 1 Words: 358 Topics: Constitution, Democracy, Ethical Principles, Federalism, Government, Separation Of Powers, Virtue

Politics of Merger of Political Parties in India

India, a constitutional democracy having a parliamentary form of government and it holds a commitment at the heart of the system to conduct regular, free and fair elections. Due to these elections one may find the composition of the government, the membership of the two houses of parliament, the presidency and vice- presidency, the state […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1237 Topics: Accountability, Democracy, Election, Justice, Political Parties, Voting

Political Participation

America is a democratic country which means that most decisions that affect the country are subject to a discussion within the government. The public also plays a vital role in decision making; they are involved in most decision making either directly or through a representative. The ability of citizens being able to make decisions by […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1608 Topics: Citizenship, Democracy, Political Parties, Race, Reasoning, United States, Voting

Political Parties in the United States

If you were taking a stroll down the street and asked any average American to describe our government, it’s quite likely that they would hatefully bring up the rising debt, political deadlocks and hate-filled campaign seasons. They would also probably mention the splitting of voters and our country between the two political parties– Republican and […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1294 Topics: Conservatism, Democracy, Election, Political Ideologies, Political Parties, United States, Voting

Pre-Revolution French Government

At the end of the 18th century, France was in ruins. The treasury was empty. The commoners were starving. The King, Louis XVI, the Queen, Marie Antoinette, and many high-ranking nobles lived a lavish lifestyle in a palace called Versailles. Versailles was set apart from the rest of France and because of this, the King […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1902 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Constitution, Democracy, France, French Revolution, Government, Reign Of Terror

Keeping the Electoral College

The Electoral College has been around since the beginning of the country. This system is used to determine in a Presidential election year who has won the most electoral votes from all of the states and gets to become President. Over the last few years, several people have called for its abolishment. However, I feel […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2102 Topics: Democracy, Election, Electoral College, Government, United States, Voting

Errors of the Electoral College

Supposedly in a democracy everyone’s vote should count equipollently, but the method that the U.S. uses to elect its president, the Electoral College, infringed this principle by ascertaining that some people’s votes are greaters than others. The Election of these two officers, the president and vice president, is determined by a group of electors. This […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2399 Topics: Democracy, Election, Electoral College, Government, United States, Voting

My Country’s Government, Economic Structure

As the newly elected president of my country it would be ran by a constitutional democracy government. This would be different from what the people are used to but appropriate educating and encouragement to participate in the new government would need to take place. The government style that the citizens just over came was a […]

Pages: 2 Words: 595 Topics: Democracy, Justice, Policy, Separation Of Powers

Napoleon’s Reforms and the Principles of the Revolution

By the late 1700s, the Directory was blamed for debasement and inefficiency, and lost prevalence because of the negligence of many foreign campaigns. Some citizens urged the return of the monarchy, however others demanded that radical policies established at the beginning of the revolution, needed to be implemented. There was a high chance civil war […]

Pages: 2 Words: 464 Topics: Democracy, France, Government, Napoleon

How Electoral College Disenfranchises Voters

How the Electoral College Disenfranchises Voters The Electoral College is decorated with honor, tradition, and esteem for being the prized method for selecting the president of the United States, yet it stands for everything that America is not. Americar’s prized slogan, all men are created equal, is completely disregarded by the process employed by the […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1743 Topics: Democracy, Election, Electoral College, Government, United States, Voter Turnout, Voting

Philippine Politics and Society Reflection

The Philippines is known for its crude political scenes like political failures which resulted to the impending progress of the country. Those events that occurred in history had reshaped the world of politics in the Philippines. To start with, the structures of Philippine democracy had resulted political crises like political hegemony, capital accumulation, narrow oligarchic […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1177 Topics: Democracy, Election, Global Politics, Government, Philippines
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Essay about Democracy

Democracy is a system of government that is ruled by the people. It is a system that has a fair and just election system, offers protection of unalienable rights, and establishes laws that are applicable to all citizens. Power must flow from the people to those that lead the government. Democracy allows each person to be heard but requires each person to listen and be respectful. Democracy allows individuals to make their own decisions but offers consequences depending on those choices. Democracy allows for the citizens to not only elect public officials but to hold them accountable for their actions.

As public administrators, how do we ensure that Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy? “The tension between Democracy and Bureaucracy has bedeviled public administration” (Burke, 1989, p. 180). How do we ensure that public services are being provided by public administrators in the most efficient manner? “Public service in a Democracy is a paradox that has been and continues to be a central issue in public administration” (Cox, 2007, p. 3). Can public administrators exercise bureaucratic discretion? How do we hold public administrators accountable? How can citizens contribute and protect Democracy?

To ensure that Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy, the approach has to be multi-faceted. The first and major part of ensuring Bureaucracy does not overtake Democracy is to ensure that we hire competent and responsible public administrators. Public administrators must be trustworthy, responsible, and held to a high standard. However, we must also understand that our public administrators are human and fallible. Public administrators should be neutrally implementing the popular will of the people. Public administrators should not merely be delivering customer service; they should be delivering Democracy.

Public administrators have an active role in protecting Democracy. “It was the Founders’ intent that all public servants should view the processes of government as a moral endeavor; theirs is not just to administer, but to assist in bringing the ideals of democracy into existence [in the everyday lives of citizens]….Therefore, the primary duty of public servants is to act as guardians and guarantors of the regime values for the American public” (Frederickson & Hart, 1997, pp. 205-206). Furthermore, if public administrators operate within the rule of law, we can ensure “…a governing system in which the highest authority is a body of law that applies equally to all (as opposed to the rule of men, in which the personal whim of those in power can decide any issue)” (Shafritz & Russell, 2005, p. 211).

Public administrators should be educated and knowledgeable, so their respective organizations can be managed appropriately. Public administrators are tasked with reconciling problems as they arise. Ensuring they are educated and knowledgeable, will help them resolve problems more efficiently. Public administrators are the “primary contact between the citizen and public organizations. When this contact is effectively carried out…public administration contributes to ongoing renewal and reaffirmation of the social contract” (Frederickson & Chandler, 1997, p. 210).

Once we hire public administrators that are competent and knowledgeable, we must ensure that public services are provided efficiently and effectively. In order to do so, we need checks and balances. Democracy ensures that the people are receiving proper and fair treatment when utilizing government services. In a Democracy all citizens are equal, therefore, Federal Law prohibits discrimination against citizens on the following basis: sexual orientation, religion, race, sex, physical disability, age, and national origin (Civil Rights Act of 1964). Our Democracy would be compromised if we allowed public administrators to discriminate against the same people they serve.

Additionally, citizens have to take an active approach and participate in everyday public life. Citizens must stay informed about political issues, social issues, and how their representatives are using their powers. Citizens need to question their government while respecting its authority. In order to avoid anarchy and promote Democracy, citizens should follow the law. Lastly, citizens must know who they are voting for and why they are voting for that particular person.

The final way to ensure that Democracy is not overtaken by Bureaucracy is to allow public administrators to exercise discretion. Implementation will either require administrative or bureaucratic discretion. “Administrative discretion is to be sure a fundamental concept within public administration and the theory of representative bureaucracy. It lies at its very core, especially in terms of active representation on the part of public servants. Scholars tend to agree that in order for administrators to engage in representation, they need to have access to administrative discretion first before they can decide to creatively make use of it” (Denhardt & DeLeon, 1995; Meier & Bohte, 2001; Meier & Stewart, 1991; Sowa & Selden, 2003).

While our system of Democracy may not be perfect, it has withstood the test of time. Hiring competent and trustworthy public administrators, providing checks and balances on the public services being offered, and allowing our public administrators to exercise discretion will help protect Democracy. Active participation by citizens will help strengthen Democracy. We did not achieve everything by receiving everything. Democracy requires understanding and compromise. 

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