The Cold War was the economic, political, military, and social conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war went on for decades and lasted until the Soviet Union ended. The Cold War started because of threats and propaganda made by both countries. The war resulted in nuclear disaster and anti-communist ideas between the two countries. The political aspect of the Cold War was that the Americans wanted to prevent the concept of Soviet communism spreading to neighboring countries around them. As the war concluded, American officials agreed that the best military defense was a strategy called “containment.” Containment was an idea thought of by the Americans to check the Soviet’s expansion. The social aspect of the Cold War was the Yalta Conference. The Yalta Conference was the second meeting of the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin, and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Throughout the conference, the three leaders came to the conclusion that they should demand Germany’s unconditional surrender. The Berlin Blockade was an endeavor by the Soviet Union to limit the capability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their parts of Berlin. The economic part of WWII was that Russia closed all highways, railroads and canals from Germany into Berlin. Iron Curtain was the political and military barrier created by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal off itself from contact with the West and other noncommunist areas.
Both containment and the domino theory applied to the United States foreign policy during the Cold War because they were both components of defense. On the other hand, both were for prevention of the spread of communism as well. For instance, containment was the defense mechanism used to stop the expansion of communism to other countries which is known as the domino theory. The domino theory is a theory that when one country adapts to communism then others will fall in line. President Dwight D. Eisenhower suggested the “domino”effect because of the doubtful United States ambassadors. Both John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson both used the domino theory as an excuse for the help that went to South Vietnam. The foreign policy of the United States is how it deals with other foreign nations. Similarly, it is how the United States sets expectations of interaction for organizations, corporations, and citizens of the United States. The main four goals of the foreign policy are preserving national security, promoting world peace, secure global environment, and to maintain the balance of power among nations.
The Iron Curtain is a political and military barrier between the Soviet Union to keep itself from other non- communist areas. The Iron Curtain descended from Stalin. Stalin installed communist regimes in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Albania. Throughout the Cold War period in 1946 in Missouri, Winston Churchill condemns the Soviet Unions policies in a Europe. The speech is important because it refers to the fact that Europe was basically controlled by the Soviet Union. The Vietnam War was a conflict of communist government of North Vietnam versus a South Vietnam with, the United States, their ally. The Vietnam War was intensified by the Cold War. Communist forces ended the war by seizing control of South Vietnam in 1975.
The Korean War was the first military action of the Cold War. American troops had entered the war on South Korea’s behalf. It was a war against the forces of international communism itself. The alternative to the war ending would be a wider war with Russia and China. Korean War was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world. The Warsaw Pact also know as the Treaty of Friendship was founded on May 14th,1955 by the Polish People’s Republic. It included the Soviet Union, Albania, and Czechoslovakia. The Warsaw called on states to help any member attacked by an outside force. In result, it set up a together military. It was intact until 1991. History.com states, “The rise of non-communist governments in other eastern bloc nations, such as Poland and Czechoslovakia, throughout 1990 and 1991 marked an effective end of the power of the Warsaw Pact.” These defensive mechanism applies to the United States foreign policy during the Cold War because the United States wanted to stop neighboring countries such as, Korea and China, from believing in communism. The United States wanted to level the playing field so they were not overpowered.