Metaphysics Essays

183 essay samples found

The Self and the Future

Personal identity is a special case of a more general topic, the survival (or, as philosophers often say, the persistence) of objects over time. Bernard Williams insists that bodily continuity is always a necessary criterion of personal identity. His essay “The Self and the Future” discusses the two cases of a thought experiment which lead […]

Pages: 3 Words: 960 Topics: Epistemology, Ignorance, Justification, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Reasoning, Truth

Compare Deontology with Utilitarianism

Deontology refers to an ethical theory that was introduced by a German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The theory postulates that individuals have a moral obligation to act in line with prescribed principles and rules irrespective of the outcome. John Stuart Mill, on the other hand, founded the Utilitarian theory that indicates that the outcomes of a […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2281 Topics: Ethical Principles, Ignorance, Metaphysics, Morality, Social Institutions, Stereotypes, Utilitarianism
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Questions and Reflections in Meditation

Descartes writes let us reflect that possibly neither our hands nor our whole body are such as they appear to us to be in his first meditation. If we can sense our hands and body with all of our senses, however, are they still deceived? By this I mean that if we can use all […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2420 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth

An Analytical Genius René Descartes

Ren© Descartes was an analytical genius. He conceived and articulated ideas about the nature of knowledge that were essential to the Enlightenment and created the philosophical underpinnings for the development of modern science, which included the idea that laws of nature are constant and are sufficient to explain natural phenomena. Descartes felt that truth was […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1471 Topics: Epistemology, Geometry, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes

Descartes’ Method of Radical Doubt

Knowledge is the things that one has taken into itself and made the decision to believe that it is true. In order to find absolute certainty about certain pieces of knowledge, Descartes began to ask himself what makes the obtained information true. Thus, Descartes decided to doubt everything until arriving at a concrete truth that […]

Pages: 1 Words: 449 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Truth

History’s most Famous Philosophers

Twenty-four centuries ago, Plato, one of history’s most famous philosophers, compared the life of individuals solely having opinions and no actual knowledge. In Allegory of the Cave, there are three prisoners tied to a rock that can only look at a stone wall. Behind them is a fire that casts shadows of figures moving onto […]

Pages: 3 Words: 766 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Allegory, Allegory Of The Cave, Enlightenment, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato

Moral Bounds

What are the moral bounds of sacrificing a child’s life for the enhancement of all others? How does living in a land with a buried burden affect its citizens? Although these rhetorical questions are complex and difficult to answer, this problematic situation is present in many contexts in our society today. In this paper I […]

Pages: 2 Words: 665 Topics: Aristotle, Ignorance, Metaphysics, Social Institutions, Stereotypes, Utilitarianism

Hasidic Schools

In most Hasidic schools, including the ones I attended, Aristotle is taught to be synonymous with sin, and is depicted as the symbol of non-Jewish promiscuity and wickedness. Therefore, when I noticed that we would be exploring Aristotle this semester, I was both enthusiastic and anxious. Enthusiastic, because I would be learning the teachings of […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2313 Topics: Aristotle, Ethical Principles, Happiness, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Stereotypes, Virtue

Aristotle Define Moral Virtue

How does Aristotle define moral virtue? Aristotle defines moral virtue as a deposition to behave in the right manner and by recommending its relation to happiness. Aristotle defines moral virtue into subcategories, but he defines virtues as being exemplified by courage, temperance, liberality, etc.; the key intellectual virtues are wisdom, which governs ethical behavior, and […]

Pages: 2 Words: 742 Topics: Aristotle, Courage, Ethical Principles, Metaphysics, Social Institutions, Stereotypes, Value, Virtue

Student of Plato’s

Aristotle, as a student of Plato’s’ , does not come to agree with his teacher. He was forced to give reasons as to why he disagreed with Plato, and what his views on each subject were. But, he was so attracted to the work of Plato, that he insisted on having the corrected version of […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2439 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning

Virtues According to Nicomachean Ethics

In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle aims to answer the questions of what makes a human good, what happiness is, and how we as humans may use our goodness, if we possess it, to achieve the end of happiness in our lives. For Aristotle, the question of how to be happy is the question of how […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1334 Topics: Aristotle, Courage, Ethical Principles, Metaphysics, Stereotypes, Virtue

Thomas Lavenziano

Thomas Lavenziano Professor Eugene Kelly ICPH 304 – W01 Aristotle on the Golden Mean One of Aristotle’s most well known works is the Nicomachean Ethics, written around the year 340 BC and was most likely named after his father or his son. Within this work Aristotle theorizes about the nature of the good life. He […]

Pages: 2 Words: 719 Topics: Aristotle, Courage, Epistemology, Ethical Principles, Metaphysics, Stereotypes, Virtue

Socrates the Great Father of Philosophy

Once Socrates, the great father of philosophy, said To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledge. In other words what Socrates is trying to tell us is that humans don’t know anything and it is ok. We weren’t made to know everything because life does not work […]

Pages: 2 Words: 525 Topics: Apology, Metaphysics, Socrates

Socrates Biography and Life

Over the past 1000 years, humans have progressed in the field of philosophy and have began to establish an understanding of life and how or why it is the way it is. This all started with a Greek Philosopher, Socrates (470 BC-399 BC). Although the subject of Philosophy has been challenged on its importance, many […]

Pages: 2 Words: 705 Topics: Behavior Modification, Epistemology, Learning, Metaphysics, Question, Socrates, Socratic Method

Allegory of the Cave and the Internet

On the internet you can find many things, and if it is used correctly, many of them can expand our knowledge. In the Allegory of the Cave, when talking about the Sun, it represents the absolute truth. This may be about the possibility of an Internet of the mind, a worldwide network of connected brains […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2513 Topics: Allegory, Allegory Of The Cave, Empathy, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Truth

The Life and Times of Sir Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton is a widely known name, but most don’t actually know anything about him. Newton had a very interesting life, and helped advance the theory of gravity. Without Newton and his strange life, our knowledge of gravity may not have been as advanced as it is today. Even from his birth on January fourth […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1161 Topics: Epistemology, Isaac Newton, Light, Metaphysics

Allegory of the Cave or Plato’s Cave

The assigned quotation comes from Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. It is a famous passage from the beginning of Book 7 called The Republic. Plato was born and lived in Athens, Greece around the time period of 427-347 BC. Plato was a very well-educated and influential philosopher. He was a student of Socrates and a […]

Pages: 2 Words: 658 Topics: Allegory, Allegory Of The Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Reasoning, Socrates

The Allegory of the Cave Vs the Matrix

The allegory of the cave and the matrix are both presented with many themes, some examples of themes in the two are; what is real, the perception of reality, the acceptance of truth, and both worlds are controlled by a greater power. One of the themes that i think is the most important is the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 576 Topics: Allegory Of The Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics

On the Meaningfulness of Socrates Life

To someone in modern society who does not study philosophy, the name Socrates is synonymous with the image of a well-known philosopher. Some will recognize him as a significant figure and contributor to ancient Greece’s reputation as a cornerstone of philosophy. There are also many who disagree with his views, whether that be in his […]

Pages: 3 Words: 937 Topics: Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates

About Socrates Life

Through the ages there have been many great philosophers. Socrates, one of these, is known and respected throughout history. Socrates was born in Athens in 470 BCE, and he dedicated his life to teaching. He never wrote a book, but his teachings were passed on through his student’s writings. He was sentenced to drink hemlock, […]

Pages: 2 Words: 608 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates

What is Enlightenment

What is enlightenment, that’s a question many of want to figure out. Kant describes it as Man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. I’m sure that other people in the world in his time, before his time and after his time have probably describes it as something different. Kant’s enlightenment essay was written twenty-five years after […]

Pages: 2 Words: 649 Topics: Candide, Enlightenment, Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Optimism

Idea of Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson

Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson is one of the most prominent essays in American history. Emerson has influenced and inspired many individuals through his notable points such as that one should not toss aside our instincts but rather others judgment in order to live properly. In Emerson’s essay Self Reliance he expresses that individuals need […]

Pages: 3 Words: 932 Topics: Individualism, Metaphysics, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self Reliance

About the most Influential Thinker of Modernism

Can we achieve some absolutely unquestionable and obvious knowledge? The individual in solitude, in the almost desperate task of finding a firm ground on which to rest his convictions. This is the pretense of the philosophy of Ren© Descartes. The result of this theme focuses on the phrase “I think, therefore I am”. With it […]

Pages: 2 Words: 706 Topics: Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Scientific Method

Descartes and Exploration the Reality of the Exist

In the Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes speaks through the mind of the meditator and explores the reality of the existence of God and all things. At the end of the Second Meditation, Descartes concludes that because he is doubting his existence, he is therefore thinking, meaning that he exists. This conclusion pushes Descartes to […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1782 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth

Beliefs and the Existence of God

In Meditations on First Philosophy, Ren© Descartes attempts to rebuild his beliefs from the ground up, accepting only those he can be absolutely certain of. In order to decide the certainty of a belief, Descartes creates proofs through a series of questions and statements. Each belief he attempts to prove is thoroughly explained in a […]

Pages: 2 Words: 666 Topics: Critical Thinking Skills, Epistemology, Existence of God, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth

The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God

The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument is an a priori argument. The arguments attempt to prove God’s existence from the meaning of the word God. The ontological argument was introduced by Anselm of Canterbury in his book Proslogion. Anselm’s classical argument was based on two principals and the two most […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2169 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Existence of God, God, Metaphysics, Ontological Argument

Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God

The goal of this essay is to explain and evaluate the two arguments for the existence of God formulated by Descartes in Meditations. The first argument is the cosmological argument. In essence, Descartes argues that the world was created by God because a person cannot create their own existence nor could have the world spontaneously […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1247 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Existence of God, God, Metaphysics, Reality, Rene Descartes

Machiavelli was Influenced by Plato and Aristotle

In Machiavelli’s writing, it gives the reader a window to see into what he perceives as virtue. He was a philosopher who believed in the ideals of an authoritative figure being there to guide, or uphold his followers similar as a pillar, with respect and leadership. Although, Machiavelli’s theory is quite different, and in some […]

Pages: 3 Words: 979 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Niccolo Machiavelli, Reasoning, Truth, Virtue

Difference between Two Types of Value: Intrinsic and Instrumental

Virtue ethics is an important aspect in shaping the character as well as the morality of an individual. Virtue ethics focuses on issues that emphasize the role of a character as well as the aspects of moral philosophy. It looks into an individual’s character rather than focusing on the duty of a person with the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 565 Topics: Epistemology, Metaphysics, Morality, Reasoning, Stereotypes, Value, Virtue Ethics

Freudian Theory of Mind in Lord of the Flies

Freudian’s theory on personality comes from the school of thought that personality is divided into three sections that correlate. The three sections of personality include the Id, ego, and super ego. The theory places these sections into classes where Id falls under unconscious while ego and super ego fall under pre conscious and the conscious […]

Pages: 1 Words: 307 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Lord of The Flies, Metaphysics, Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy
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