Justification Essays

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67 essay samples found

The Self and the Future

Personal identity is a special case of a more general topic, the survival (or, as philosophers often say, the persistence) of objects over time. Bernard Williams insists that bodily continuity is always a necessary criterion of personal identity. His essay “The Self and the Future” discusses the two cases of a thought experiment which lead […]

Pages: 3 Words: 960 Topics: Epistemology, Ignorance, Justification, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Reasoning, Truth

Questions and Reflections in Meditation

Descartes writes let us reflect that possibly neither our hands nor our whole body are such as they appear to us to be in his first meditation. If we can sense our hands and body with all of our senses, however, are they still deceived? By this I mean that if we can use all […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2420 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth
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Descartes’ Method of Radical Doubt

Knowledge is the things that one has taken into itself and made the decision to believe that it is true. In order to find absolute certainty about certain pieces of knowledge, Descartes began to ask himself what makes the obtained information true. Thus, Descartes decided to doubt everything until arriving at a concrete truth that […]

Pages: 1 Words: 449 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Truth

Epistemological Questions by Descartes

Epistemological questions concerning intellect and the senses have long been explored by philosophers, most popularly Rene Descartes. Descartes, in his Meditations on First Philosophy, uses systematic doubt to undermine and challenge sense perception. His ideas reconcile science and religion, but also the mind and the body. His famous quote I think therefore I am is […]

Pages: 2 Words: 484 Topics: Epistemology, Justification, Perception, Phenomenology, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Truth

Student of Plato’s

Aristotle, as a student of Plato’s’ , does not come to agree with his teacher. He was forced to give reasons as to why he disagreed with Plato, and what his views on each subject were. But, he was so attracted to the work of Plato, that he insisted on having the corrected version of […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2439 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning

About the most Influential Thinker of Modernism

Can we achieve some absolutely unquestionable and obvious knowledge? The individual in solitude, in the almost desperate task of finding a firm ground on which to rest his convictions. This is the pretense of the philosophy of Ren© Descartes. The result of this theme focuses on the phrase “I think, therefore I am”. With it […]

Pages: 2 Words: 706 Topics: Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Scientific Method

Descartes and Exploration the Reality of the Exist

In the Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes speaks through the mind of the meditator and explores the reality of the existence of God and all things. At the end of the Second Meditation, Descartes concludes that because he is doubting his existence, he is therefore thinking, meaning that he exists. This conclusion pushes Descartes to […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1782 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth

Who was René Descartes?

Ren© Descartes (1596-1650) was a French scholar and a man of his time. He lived in a period of progress, built up customary perspectives were offering an approach to new revelations in science and distinctive religious viewpoints in Europe People like Galileo, Copernicus, Newton, and Martin Luther were making the cutting edge world. Descartes was […]

Pages: 3 Words: 792 Topics: Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Rationalism, Reasoning, Rene Descartes

Beliefs and the Existence of God

In Meditations on First Philosophy, Ren© Descartes attempts to rebuild his beliefs from the ground up, accepting only those he can be absolutely certain of. In order to decide the certainty of a belief, Descartes creates proofs through a series of questions and statements. Each belief he attempts to prove is thoroughly explained in a […]

Pages: 2 Words: 666 Topics: Critical Thinking Skills, Epistemology, Existence of God, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Rene Descartes, Truth

The Shortfall of Sticks and Stones

If an individual is reminded of anything at any time he or she must have known that thing before (Apolloni, 32). Recollection therefore can be defined as knowledge that is gained through this manner whereby when an individual sees one thing, he or she becomes very conscious and also something else too (Gallop, 207). Socrates […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1099 Topics: Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Socrates, Truth

Scientific Theories : Instrumentalism

The view that scientific theories do not describe reality and that they are mere tools for prediction describes instrumentalism. In a nutshell, the view describes scientific theories such as those of mathematical-logical conception among others. This essay will focus on instrumentalism, the mathematical-logical conception of scientific theories and how the view leads to instrumentalism of […]

Pages: 2 Words: 585 Topics: Concept, Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Truth

Allegory of the Cave Analysis

Plato’s The Allegory of the Cave is story analogy of how Plato perceives life. Each part and detail of the allegory has a specific and important meaning that represents some part of people’s life, all centered around their perception. For starters people that are tied up facing the wall only see shadows of objects they […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1001 Topics: Allegory Of The Cave, Epistemology, Justification, Metaphysics, Truth

What is the Divided Line in the Allegory of the Cave

Plato, in The Republic, discusses human nature, the meaning of justice, and the ordering of the perfect city, through a series of dialogues among philosophers. Plato, through the lens of the character Socrates, argues that justice is achieved when everyone in the city is doing the job that is most suited to their unique talents […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1349 Topics: Allegory Of The Cave, Epistemology, Justification, Logic, Metaphysics, Truth

Socrates and Plato

According to the University of Florida, In a broad sense, philosophy is an activity people undertake when they seek to understand fundamental truths about themselves, the world in which they live, and their relationships to the world and to each other. (FSU, Department of Philosophy). It is defined as the love of wisdom. In simpler […]

Pages: 3 Words: 835 Topics: Belief, Justification, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates, Socratic Method, Truth

Greatest Contribution of John Locke

The political theorist and English philosopher John Locke created the foundational work for the Enlightenment. He made powerful contributions to the development of liberalism along with being one of the key advocates of the Scientific Revolution. Locke’s Political, Religious and Scientific theories shaped the world we live in today, that is why he is one […]

Pages: 2 Words: 517 Topics: Belief, Epistemology, John Locke, Justification, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Truth

The Ideas of Socrates

In the Apology, Socrates mentioned how according to the Oracle at Delphi, he is the wisest among all men. Unlike most people Socrates did not gloat about this pronouncement; instead, the statement that no one was wiser than him only pushed him to think critically and pursue evidence that would prove or disprove that statement. […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1031 Topics: Apology, Epistemology, Justification, Metaphysics, Socrates, Truth, Wisdom

John Locke: an English Philosopher

John Locke was an English philosopher from the 17th century he was born August 29 , 1632 and passed away on October 28 , 1704. During his time he accomplished many things one of them was becoming the leader of a political group known as the Whigs. Besides that Locke had a good education which […]

Pages: 2 Words: 729 Topics: Empiricism, Epistemology, Free Will, John Locke, Justification, Metaphysics, Separation Of Powers

John Locke: an Influential Person in History

Introduction: John Locke was the founder of a school of thought called British Empiricism, which means all knowledge is from our senses. His most influential work is the Essay Concerning Human Understanding in which he offered an analysis of the mind and knowledge. Although Locke is thought of as an education pioneer, in his later […]

Pages: 3 Words: 832 Topics: Epistemology, John Locke, Justification, Learning, Metaphysics, Truth

A Review of a Reading Guide to Descartes Meditations

Emanuela Scribano’s guide to Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy is extremely insightful to understanding 17th century philosophy, and the adaptation of Aristotelian Scholastic philosophy to Descartes’ practical philosophy. Scribano’s vivid comprehension of Meditations is apparent through her rich analyses and ability to reference Descartes directly to aid her claims. Clearly and effectively writing in the […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1354 Topics: Justification, Knowledge, Logic, Reasoning, Rene Descartes, Truth

Plato and Aristotle were Greek

Plato and Aristotle were Greek philosophers who lived between 428-347BC and 384-322BC respectively. They were legends who looked at life differently. Aristotle was a student of Plato and Plato was a student to Socrates. Plato’s main subscription on Knowledge was that we get to learn from someone who is wise because knowledge is not accessible […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1313 Topics: Allegory Of The Cave, Aristotle, Epistemology, Existence, Justification, Plato

What is the Mandela Effect

Have you ever been convinced of a certain event but it turned out to be false? Have you ever been so convinced of something being a specific way only to discover you’ve remembered it all wrong? If so it seems like you’ve experienced a phenomenon known as the Mandela effect. The Mandela effect occurs whenever […]

Pages: 2 Words: 582 Topics: Epistemology, False Memory, Justification, Metaphysics, Nelson Mandela, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Truth

Transcendentalism – a Major Belief during the Early 1800s

Transcendentalism is the belief that men and women have a sense that is beyond what they can see, touch, or hear. Transcendentalists believe mostly in Individualism, Idealism, and Intuitive Thought. Individualism is a major belief of Transcendentalism. Individualism is the belief that we should have the freedom to express our ideas and thoughts. Transcendentalists believe […]

Pages: 1 Words: 345 Topics: Belief, Idealism, Individualism, Justification, Phenomenology, Transcendentalism, Truth

Grounded Theory and Ethnography Approach

Introduction Qualitative research is a method to gather non-numerical data. It is usually used to discover trends in views, opinions and try to further investigate into the problems. There is no one qualitative method, but five different approaches including research and methods from multiple fields, especially academic field. The objective of this paper is to […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1474 Topics: Epistemology, Ethnographic, Justification, Qualitative Research, Research, Research Methods, Scientific Method

Pragmatism and the Progressive Era

Pragmatism is a concept developed by Charles Pierce, John Dewey, and William James which simply states that Pragmatists rejected all forms of absolutism and insisted that all principles be regarded as working hypotheses that must bear fruit in lived experience (Burke, 2007). George Mead always believed that the role of the scientist was to solve […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2191 Topics: Epistemology, John Dewey, Justification, Pragmatism, Progressive Era

A Biblical Worldview from the Book of Romans

The book of Romans is a letter that the Paul wrote to the Roman people during his third missionary journey. Throughout Romans Paul writes about how sinful humans are and how they can receive salvation from God through Jesus Christ. The running theme in the book of Romans is that every person has disobeyed God, […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1040 Topics: Adam And Eve, Biblical Worldview, Christianity, Faith, God, Justification, Salvation, Theology

Main Messages of Thomas Morer’s Utopia

Thomas Morer’s, Utopia, examines the fundamental ways in which a society works and maintains itself. Utopia exposes the insanity and evils of Morer’s society by painting an alternative, the ideal society. There was a time and place in England where the wealthy were extravagant and the poor were worse than poor. The rich were getting […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1452 Topics: Atheism, Capital Punishment, Crime, God, Justification, Poverty, Renaissance, Utopia

Lying and Honesty

Lying Lying is an important social category. We, as humans, tend to react negatively to ‘‘lies and the lying liars who tell them’’ (Franken, 2003). We humans, expend considerable effort and resources developing techniques to detect lies and liars, both as a practical matter when, say, developing technologies to screen for terrorists at airports, and […]

Pages: 3 Words: 825 Topics: Deception, Epistemology, Justification, Lie, Trust, Truth

Approaching Questions Beyond Science Philosophy Vs Religion

Dread—the driving force of some of the greatest minds to find answers to life’s biggest questions. An equally perplexing challenge is how to begin tackling such problems. By focusing on one dilemma and comparing how both schools of thought attempt to solve the problem, a hint may be revealed as to which approach to prefer. […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1236 Topics: Belief, Epistemology, Justification, Meaning Of Life, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Science vs Religion, Truth

Evaluating and Synthesizing Research Findings

Introduction In the study on the juvenile justice across the globe, the synthesis of the elements within the research is important for the reader to understand the information provided to him or her. Combination of the resources and the sources giving the research a nice report is known as the synthesize and combination of the […]

Pages: 9 Words: 2653 Topics: Data, Justice, Justification, Juvenile Delinquency, Qualitative Research, Quantitative Research, Research, Truth

Write a Detailed Essay on the Nature and Scope of Earth Science

INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE(GEO211) SS/BSS/09/0103 KWAKU FRIMPONG MARFO WRITE A DETAILED ESSAY ON THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF EARTH SCIENCE. Earth Science is the name for all science that collectively seeks to understand the Earth and its neighbors in space. Some Earth scientists use their knowledge of the Earth to locate and develop energy and […]

Pages: 3 Words: 787 Topics: Earth, Inquiry, Justification, Nature, Research, Scientific Method
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