Fiscal policy Essays

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EMU SGP Rules | Economics Dissertations

To what extent is the EMU hampered by inflexible SGP rules 1.0 Introduction: The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) The Stability and Growth Pact is designed to ensure sound public finances and acts as a pre-requisite in achieving long term economic growth. This economic growth can only be achieved through sound monetary and fiscal policies. […]

Pages: 19 Words: 5730 Topics: Economy, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Unemployment

Exchange Rate and Inflation in Pakistan Economy

Inflation & exchange rate are two main factors of macro-economics. Inflation is an increase in the level of prices of goods & services in an economy by the passage of time. Exchange rate is very important factor in economic which impact imports & exports of country. A country does not always want the exchange rate […]

Pages: 18 Words: 5427 Topics: Economy, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Macroeconomics, Market, Monetary Policy, Supply And Demand
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Ireland’s Economic Boom

Ireland’s Economic Boom 1 Comparison of Ireland’s (1987-2007) Economic Growth to that of Luxembourg (1985-2001). CHAPTER 1 1.1 Abstract Ireland’s economic transformation from a mere third world agricultural economy to a world-class hi-tech economy remains an issue worth analyzing. As compared to the economic growth of its counterparts in the European Union -for instance Luxembourg […]

Pages: 36 Words: 10812 Topics: Economic Growth, Employment, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Tax, United States

Monetary Authority and the Natural Fiscal Authorities

INTRODUCTION Fiscal policy refers the setting of the level of government spending and taxation by the government policy makers. It is the combination of taxes and public expenditure to help dampen the swing of the business cycle and contribute to the maintenance of a growing high-employment economy free from high or volatile inflation. In the […]

Pages: 13 Words: 3783 Topics: Budget, Economic Growth, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Poverty, Tax

Stability & Growth

THE INEFFECTIVE & UNWORKABLE STABILITY & GROWTH PACT Abstract The paper presented provides a discussion and evaluation of the functioning of the fiscal discipline instrument; it was designed in the early 1990’s for inclusion in the Maastricht Treaty, refined in 1997 with the creation of the Stability & Growth Pact (hereafter, ‘SGP’), and reformed in […]

Pages: 51 Words: 15311 Topics: Economy, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Government, Greece, Interest, Monetary Policy

the Economic Governance for Crisis Prevention

TABLE OF CONTENT Pages 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Background 3.0 Statement of the Problem 3 4.0 Research Questions 4 5.0 Research Objectives 4 6.0 Significance of the Study 5 7.0 Literature Review 5 7.1 Definition and indicators of governance 6 7.1.1 Broad definition of governance 7.1.2 Governance from economic perspective 7.2 Governance relationship with development and […]

Pages: 22 Words: 6602 Topics: Data Analysis, Economic Growth, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Market Economy, Research

Abstract (Brief Summary of Research Project)

High prices of oil and steady resource depletion have raised international concerns for energy supply security. Thriving exploration is a significant factor and activity for future oil production. The global economy is currently experiencing high level of international business forces acting upon its stableness. International oil prices relation to international crisis is an essential element […]

Pages: 21 Words: 6210 Topics: Economic Growth, Fiscal Policy, International Business, Macroeconomics, Market, Natural Gas, Opec

the Role of Inflation and Change in Consumer Buying Power

1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Our cram will be paying attention at the diverse aspects of inflation in Pakistan from a local and large-scale point of view. Pakistan has undergone a most important economic growth all the way through previous few years. But the core evils of the economy are at rest unsettled; Inflation remains the […]

Pages: 29 Words: 8660 Topics: Demand, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money, Tax

REVIEW of RELATED LITERATURE

Introduction However, due to the US housing credit crunch and turbulence in financial markets all over the world immediately took into effect and global economic growth slowed towards the end of the year (O’Brien et al., 2007). Given this basic premise of the current financial crisis, this literature review will be guided by exploring studies […]

Pages: 15 Words: 4625 Topics: Bank, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money, Subprime Mortgage Crisis

Central Bank Inflation | Finance Dissertations

Abstract This paper analyses and explains the effects of central bank independence on a country’s inflation rates and its economic performance thereafter. It deals with the benefits believed to come along with independence and the delegation of monetary policy to the central bank, the determinants and accuracy of the index of central bank independence (CBI), […]

Pages: 43 Words: 12758 Topics: Bank, Economic Growth, Federal Reserve, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Monetary Policy, Tax

Development of Government Bond Market in Nigeria

CHAPTER 1 Background Finance plays an increasingly important role in economic growth and development of nations around the world. These roles are in many different forms, they include but not limited to channelling savings towards investment. The level of sophistication of a financial system is important and to a large extent determines the overall level […]

Pages: 22 Words: 6621 Topics: Bank, Debt, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Investment, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy

Effect between Exchange Rates

Abstract This paper endeavors the relationship and the positive effect between exchange rates and interest rates in Pakistan by utilizing the foreign exchange market and current scenario of increasing interest rates because of increasing exchange rates to represent the economic position of Pakistan. The data by the researcher is all on daily basis for the […]

Pages: 43 Words: 12825 Topics: Fiscal Policy, Foreign Exchange Market, Interest, Monetary Policy, Research, Risk, Supply And Demand

Government Debt Budget

Abstract The unprecedented UK budget deficits have drawn sufficient attention to the issue of the ability of the government to finance these deficits continuously by borrowing ever-increasing amounts from domestic and foreign residents by issuing government bonds. What might be particularly worrisome is that, since the 1980s, the UK government has been issuing debt (borrowing) […]

Pages: 25 Words: 7436 Topics: Business Cycle, Debt, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Monetary Policy, Money, Tax

Gross Domestic Product

Chapter 1 1.0 Introduction This part contains research background which illustrates basic knowledge for readers to understand better on the research. Problem statement and objectives tell the reasons why this research is done. Basically this part is significance for introducing the whole research. Other information includes scope and assumption, definition and abbreviation, limitation and significance […]

Pages: 40 Words: 12135 Topics: Economic Growth, Entrepreneurship, Fiscal Policy, Innovation, Monetary Policy, Productivity, Research

Municipalities Canadian Infrastructure

THE UNFUNDED INFRASTRUCTURE OF CANADIAN MUNICIPALITIES AND THE RISK IT POSES INTRODUCTION Canadian infrastructure has fallen into a terrible state of disrepair due to lack of funding for such projects in municipalities in Canada. The resulting problems are great and diverse ranging from insurance liabilities for the municipalities in Canada due to health and safety […]

Pages: 30 Words: 9080 Topics: Budget, Canada, Economic Growth, Employment, Fiscal Policy, Project Management, Research, Tax

the Inflation and Stock Returns in Nigeria

This study empirically examines the relationship between inflation and stock returns in Nigeria during 1997-2006. The study focuses on different econometric models to investigation this relationship using monthly data of the All Share Price Index from the Nigerian Stock Exchange and Nigerian Consumers Index. The simple OLS regression result suggests that the residuals are stationary, […]

Pages: 23 Words: 6758 Topics: Economy, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Stock Market

Global Player/peer Competitor

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION “If there were only two men in the world, how would they get on? They would help one another, harm one another, flatter one another, slander one another, fight one another, make it up, they could neither live together nor do without one another” Philosophical Dictionary, 1764 Increasing role of China in […]

Pages: 38 Words: 11534 Topics: China, Fiscal Policy, India, Macroeconomics, National Security, Singapore, Thailand

Cause and Effect Relationship between Government Expenditure and Revenue Collection

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview The relationship between government revenue and expenditure is a very important topic and has been an essential issue for many economists and policy makers as it represents budget deficit, government expenditure Plans and taxation structure of a country. Since the main objective of every government is to improve economic growth […]

Pages: 9 Words: 2582 Topics: Economic Growth, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Government, Macroeconomics, Tax

Turkey’s Accession to the European Union from an Economic Perspective: Current Developments and Prospects

INTRODUCTION: The main purpose of this study is to provide an economic evaluation of Turkish economy in the context of requirements of The European Union which accepts new members with decisive criteria. Enlargement process of The European Union is complex issue and consists of several political and economic arguments. This study organized as follows. The […]

Pages: 70 Words: 21026 Topics: Economic Growth, European Integration, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, Turkey, Unemployment

British American Tobacco Plc.

P1 History of British American Tobacco Plc.: British American Tobacco was ‘born international’; British American Tobacco has been in business for more than 100 years, trading through the turbulence of wars, revolutions and nationalizations as well as all the controversy surrounding smoking. The business was formed in 1902, as a joint venture between the UK’s […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2057 Topics: Competition, European Union, Fiscal Policy, Market, Perfect Competition, Strategic Management, SWOT Analysis

Business Environment Assignment

Business Environment Table of Contents Section One: Introduction Executive Summary—————————————————————————2 Section Two: Discussion and Findings (LO2) 1.1————————————————————————————————3 1.2————————————————————————————————4 1.3————————————————————————————————5 Section Three Recommendations—————————————————————————-6 Conclusion————————————————————————————–7 References————————————————————————————–8 Executive Summary The purpose of this research is to evaluate and provide solutions to a small business enterprise (Sumciouz Pastry) in terms of how they can perform and meet the needs […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1617 Topics: Economic System, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Research

Great Depression

1. The financial crisis of 2007-2009 has been called the worst financial crisis since the one related to the Great Depression by leading economists. a) Discuss the main factors that have contributed to the crisis. (20 marks) The financial crisis was due to the bankruptcy of banks and extreme market volatility. One of the factors […]

Pages: 12 Words: 3551 Topics: Economy, Employment, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Money, Unemployment

Highest Degree of Economy

Introduction: The republic of Chile is a wonderful country on the coast of Southern South America. It borders the South Atlantic Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. As of July 2008, Chile had 16,758,114 people; 4.3 million of them live in the capital of the country, Santiago. Chile has a surface […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2224 Topics: Economic Growth, Economic Inequality, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Poverty

Mission, Objectives, Macroeconomic Policy of the Faysal Bank

Outcomes Covered Outcome 1 Identify the mission, objectives and responsibilities of an organization with in its environment Outcome 2 Investigate the economic, social and global environment in which organization operate PURPOSE OF THE ASSIGNMENT This assignment was assign to us with certain objectives in mind. The purpose and objectives were to study the working of […]

Pages: 16 Words: 4670 Topics: Bank, Capitalism, Economic System, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Monetary Policy, Socialism

a Formative Analysis of Securities Within the Financial Market

Unexpected changes in money supply can be due to tax actions, changes in interest rates, changes in discount rates among other factors. Stock returns are generally positive or negative. In this essay, the motive is to find whether the statement, ‘unexpected changes in money supply and stock returns are inversely related,’ holds ground or is […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1311 Topics: Federal Reserve, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Market, Monetary Policy, Money, Stock Market

Money Economy Example for Free

Persistence problems in the U.S. deal with the sluggish employment growth, the slowdown of household consumption, and the limitations in furthering the fiscal policy. Also, a combination of excessive liquidity, low interest rates, high leverage, poor risk management, excessive risk-taking had possibly let too many assets, emerging market debt prices. Even though the US is […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1405 Topics: Bank, Economic Growth, Economy, Federal Reserve, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Monetary Policy, Money, Unemployment

Debt Management Together and Macroeconomic Policies Finance Essay

Debt management together with macroeconomic policies are two key elements which could be used to determine a countries ability to sustain external debt. This paper seeks to highlight the aspects of external debt and how OECS countries could use debt management as a means to create a stable economic environment. Every country in the world […]

Pages: 11 Words: 3373 Topics: Balance Of Payments, Bank, Debt, Fiscal Policy, Interest, Investment, Tax

Financial Crisis Effect on Global FDI Flows

The global crisis that started in mid-2007 brought an abrupt stop to the sustained rise in international financial integration over the previous decade (figure 1). Global capital flows had steadily increased from less than 7 percent of world GDP in 1998 to over 20 percent in 2007, led in particular by a dramatic expansion of […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1180 Topics: Economy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Research, World Economy

Fiscal Dominance and Monetary Dominance and Policy Instruments Used by the Bank of England for Inflation Targeting

Fiscal Dominance and Monetary Dominance and Policy Instruments Used by the Bank of England for Inflation Targeting 1. Introduction. The government often employs fiscal policy, monetary policy or a combination of both to sway the economy back to an equilibrium position. The manner in which the government employs both policies may result to either fiscal […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1855 Topics: Banking, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money

Global Financial Crisis: Comparative Study of the U.K and Developing Countries

Global Financial Crisis: comparative Study of the U.K and Developing Countries Introduction The recent global financial crisis represents the first major financial crisis in the 21st century. According to Reinhart and Rogoff (2008:2) the crisis involves “esoteric instruments”, “unaware regulators” and “skittish investors”. The crisis began in the United States of America in the summer of […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2089 Topics: Bank, Banking, Developing Country, Economy, Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomics, Money
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