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Effectiveness of the Control Measures Taken to Prevent Dengue Fever in Mauritius

INTRODUCTION Mauritius is a small tropical island located at latitude 20ø 18′ 0 S and longitude 57ø 34′ 60 E. It has a tropical climatic condition. Mauritius has an area of about 2,040 sq km and is located to about 2000 kilometers from east west of Africa and some 800 kilometers from Madagascar. The positioning […]

Pages: 49 Words: 14684 Topics: Microbiology, Public Health

H1N1 Swine Virus

How does the new H1N1 swine virus infect humans compared to the common influenza virus? SUMMARY Pandemic influenza viruses cause significant mortality in humans. In the 20th century, there are 3 influenza viruses which caused major pandemics: the 1918 H1N1 virus, the 1957 H2N2 virus, and the 1968 H3N2 virus. All three aforementioned pandemics were […]

Pages: 44 Words: 13056 Topics: Biotechnology, Influenza, Microbiology, Viruses
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Clostridium Genus Humans | Sciences Dissertations

Chapter 1 General Introduction: Members of the genus Clostridium are anaerobic, motile, Gram-positive, spore-forming rod present in nature especially in the soil. Microscopically, they have a long drumstick like appearance with a bulge situated at their terminal ends. Gram-staining is one of the easiest methods employed to identify them as the cell simply incorporates the […]

Pages: 22 Words: 6690 Topics: Microbiology

Hpv Vaccines: Will they Prevent Cervical Cancer

HPV Vaccines: Will They Prevent Cervical cancer Introduction Human papilloma viruses (HPV) belong to the papillomaviridae family, they are double stranded DNA viruses. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world (Urman et al. 2008). HPV is strongly associated with cervical cancer; more than 99% what are the other causes/factors please???????? […]

Pages: 33 Words: 9883 Topics: Biotechnology, Microbiology, Public Health, Vaccination

Campylobacter Jejuni

Campylobacter Jejuni Campylobacter jejuni is one of a family of bacteria known as Campylobacteriaceae that collectively are responsible for a significant number of reported cases of gastroenteritis in the UK. Gastrointestinal infection with Campylobacter spp. can produce significant long term sequelae, such as reactive arthritis and the neurological condition Guillain-Barre Syndrome. This report will give […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1647 Topics: Bacteria, Diarrhea, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

How MRSA Became Resistant to Antibiotics and Became such a Prevalent Organism

Discuss how MRSA became resistant to antibiotics and became such a prevalent organism associated with British hospitals. Explain how MRSA is treated and touch upon the wider implications for antibiotics and the future of healthcare. Introduction It may be argued that micro-organisms are the most successful life form on the planet partly due to their […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2422 Topics: Microbiology, Public Health

Reasons Behind Sore Eyes

A sight for sore eyes is one thing, but a sight with sore eyes is another. Sore eyes, or conjunctivitis, can be serious enough to prevent you from getting a clear view of everything around you. If you suffer from an attack of sore eyes, here are things that you can do to relieve the […]

Pages: 1 Words: 334 Topics: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

H1N1 Influenza Virus

RUNNING HEAD: H1N1 INFLUENZA VIRUS 1 H1N1 Influenza Virus 2 H1N1 is a new influenza virus causing illness in people. This virus was first detected in residents of the United States in April of 2009. This virus is contagious and is spreading from person to person worldwide just as seasonal flu viruses spread. According to […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1440 Topics: Epidemiology, Influenza, Microbiology, Public Health, Vaccination, Viruses

Are Viruses Living?

Case Study: Are Viruses Living? Dear Students, You came to me asking a question that has puzzled mankind ever since we have discovered them. Are viruses alive? Are the chicken pox, flu, HIV, and H1N1 viruses living? They are among the smallest microbes, but they can make people fell ill. So are they living or […]

Pages: 1 Words: 382 Topics: Cell, Life, Microbiology, Nature

Communicable Disease

Communicable Disease HCS/457 August 30, 2010 Rachaline Napier Communicable Disease What is a communicable disease? A communicable disease is an infectious disease that can be transmitted from one person to another either directly by contact or circuitously by fomites and vectors. HIV/AIDS is one of the many communicable diseases in the world. Throughout this presentation, […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1204 Topics: AIDS (HIV), Community, Epidemiology, Health Care, Microbiology, Public Health

Aids and Role of Youths to Create Awarness

“AIDS AND ROLE OF YOUTHS TO CREATE AWARNESS ABOUT AIDS AMONG PEOPLE” most commonly AIDS is called as silent killer, The main reason for AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is HIV (Human Immuno Defiency virus). when this virus enters our body, immediately changes into RNA, and then spreads quickly. After that it starts to destroy […]

Pages: 2 Words: 690 Topics: AIDS (HIV), Competition, Epidemiology, Hiv, Microbiology, Public Health

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet Fever By: Rachael Zabkar In Frankentstein, a gothic novel written my Mary Shelley, scarlet fever was a huge part in the main plot line. Scarlet fever was a common disease during the time Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein. Scarlet fever was particularly common in children and was fatal and deadly. It was a disease that […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1070 Topics: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

Control the Spread of the Disease

Treatment: none; antibiotics in some severe cases. A virus causes chickenpox, so the doctor won’t prescribe antibiotics. However, antibiotics may be required if the sores become infected by bacteria. This is pretty common among kids because they often scratch and pick at the blisters. The antiviral medicine acyclovir may be prescribed for people with chickenpox […]

Pages: 3 Words: 768 Topics: Disease, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

Botulism

Botulism Description Botulism is a rare but very serious paralytic illness that is caused by botulinum toxin(potentially deadly neurotoxin) which is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The botulinum toxin can enter the body in 3 main ways: by the ingestion of the toxin from eating foods that contain the botulism toxin (food borne botulism), […]

Pages: 2 Words: 640 Topics: Microbiology

Using Genetically Engineered Mosquitos to Fight the Zika Virus

Zika Virus is an infectious disease that is caused by the bite a mosquito species known as the Aedes aegypt. The adverse effects or symptoms of the Zika virus are characterized by rashes on the body, joint pains, and red eyes. These results typically last for a days or weeks. The vaccine, however, has not […]

Pages: 1 Words: 422 Topics: Disease, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health, Viruses

Antimicrobial Resistance and its Implications in Medicine

Introduction The capability of a virus to fight the outcomes of treatment beforehand used to medicate them is known as Antimicrobial resistance (ARM). Viruses that are strong can be difficult to treat hence requiring substitute advanced doses which may be exclusive and poisonous. Bacteria that are resilient to a variety of antimicrobials can be referred […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1114 Topics: Microbiology

Leprosy Disease

Introduction Leprosy, also called Hansen’s disease, is one of the first microbiology diseases that cropped up in the 1940’s. People living in poverty had and still have a high probability of suffering from leprosy. During the 1940’s, leprosy was an incurable disease. Leprosy is caused by an infective agent known as Mycobacterium leprae. The causative […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1205 Topics: Disease, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

Malaria Disease

Introduction Malaria is one disease that has troubled the human race for quite a long time. Malaria claims over 500,000 diseases annually, with most of those being children below the age of five years. The treatment of malaria has experienced some considerable developments from when it was discovered that the disease was caused by a […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1480 Topics: Disease, Epidemiology, Health Care, Malaria, Microbiology, Pregnancy, Public Health

The Human Gut Microbiome

The human gut microbiome refers to the microbes found in the human digestive tract and their genomes. It is estimated that the number of microorganisms inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract exceeds 1014 (Bull & Plummer, 2014, pp. 17). The human gut microbiota is dominated by bacteria (Clemente et al, 2012, pp. 1259). Over 1000 species of […]

Pages: 3 Words: 959 Topics: Bacteria, Digestive System, Disease, Microbiology

Childhood Vaccination

Childhood Vaccinations Infectious diseases have ravaged the world since recorded history. In the year 400 B.C. Hippocrates described mumps diphtheria, epidemic jaundice, and other conditions (6), indicating that disease was a recognized problem dating back thousands of years. Infectious diseases are bodily disorders caused by microorganisms, such as: bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. All kinds […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1184 Topics: Childhood, Epidemiology, Influenza, Microbiology, Public Health, Vaccination

Professionalism and the Foundations of Dental Practice

Professionalism is one of the most important fundamental aspects for a healthcare practitioner. It embodies the very essence of how a private practice should be operated properly. This is because it encompasses not one particular aspect of a practice, but all aspects. Without it, not only would the practice ultimately fail, but also everyone associated […]

Pages: 9 Words: 2623 Topics: Bacteria, Drinking Water, Hand Washing, Health Care, Microbiology, Personal Protective Equipment, Professionalism, Public Health

Animal Testing should Continue

Animal testing should continue you to be a legal and viable option to research. Animal testing has been used for centuries dating all the way back to 300 BC. Since its origin, animal testing has been an efficient way of making medical and biological breakthroughs. If it were not fro animal models who or what […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1654 Topics: Animal Testing, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health, Smallpox, Vaccination

Disease of the Civil War

Typhoid Fever Typhoid Fever killed about 195,000 soldiers during the Civil War. (1) This disease is contracted by ingesting contaminated food and water. Symptoms may include red skin lesions, diminished mental ability, diarrhea, and/or a distended abdomen. There was practically no know cure or treatment for Typhoid Fever. Most physicians would prescribe turpentine, opium, whiskey, […]

Pages: 2 Words: 482 Topics: Civil War, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health, Smallpox, Tuberculosis, War

The Black Death – Worst Plague in History

Making a grand entrance into Europe in the mid 1300’s, the Black Death took almost one third of the continent’s population, with numbers exceeding twenty million people. The devastating epidemic sprung from a strand of the Bubonic plague that infected twelve ships docked in Messina, venturing from the Black Sea. When docked, majority of the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 494 Topics: Black Death, Bubonic Plague, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

The Black Death: Human History’s Biggest Catastrophe?

Plague did not honor social class, and mortality among the nobility approximated that of the general population, Robert Steven Gottfried said about the Black Death. The Black Death ravaged Europe and other areas of the world from 1347-1351, killing around 25 million in Europe alone and between 75 and 100 million worldwide. Though the Black […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1726 Topics: Black Death, Bubonic Plague, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

Black Death Information and Facts

The Black Death was a pandemic that took the lives of millions across the world. The Black Death started in China in 1334, it spread easily through the trading routes all the way to Europe, killing entire towns as it spread. The bacterium Yersinia pestis infects small animals like rats and mice, then the fleas […]

Pages: 2 Words: 656 Topics: Black Death, Bubonic Plague, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

The Spread of the Black Death

The Black Death was a catastrophic event that caused many people to die, because of 3 different strains of plague. The plague was so strong it killed almost 60 percent of Europe’s population, around 25 million people. The most common plague people would get was the Bubonic plague. The Bubonic plague is a bacterial infection […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1117 Topics: Black Death, Bubonic Plague, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Public Health

Problem of Vaccination in Modern World

Since 1796 when Edward Jenner invented the first ever vaccine (for smallpox), vaccines have continued to progress and become more advanced throughout the years. When Jenner invented his vaccine he used the arm-to-arm inoculations, which means he would take material from a blister from somebody who was infected with cowpox and then inject it into […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2105 Topics: Epidemiology, Measles, Microbiology, Public Health, Vaccination

Use of Vaccine in Aquaculture

Vaccines protect animals from infections are considered one of the great successes of modern medicine. Vaccines are either parts of microbes, whole microbes that have been killed/weakened, or pathogen subunits which include specific macromolecules (toxins, proteins and polysaccharides). They can induce the protective immune response in hosts against pathogens (De Gregorio and Rappuoli, 2012). Subunit […]

Pages: 2 Words: 461 Topics: Biotechnology, Microbiology, Vaccination

Methods of Making Vaccines

Since 1796 when Edward Jenner invented the first ever vaccine (for smallpox), vaccines have continued to progress and become more advanced throughout the years. When Jenner invented his vaccine he used the arm-to-arm inoculations, which means he would take material from a blister from somebody who was infected with cowpox and then inject it into […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1216 Topics: Epidemiology, Measles, Microbiology, Public Health, Vaccination, Viruses
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