The Civil War is one of the most important events in the history of the United States of America. It had many important repercussions which went on to have a deep and long lasting impact on the nation. After four years of a cruel battle, from 1861-1865, between a divided nation of the North and South, more than 600,000 people were killed.
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These lives, however, were not given in vain. Had it not been for the American Civil War where many men and women sacrificed their lives for their country, the abolition of slavery may not have been carried out, the nation might have remained divided, and women might have remained confined to their roles as the “homemakers.” People had to decide if they held their loyalty to the country as a whole, their state, their families, or even to humanity as a whole.
The biggest effect of the Civil War was the abolition of slavery in the South. Slavery is one of the most inhumane acts ever done in the history of the US. People from Africa were forced and sometimes kidnapped to be enslaved, which immediately meant that they had to be separated from their family and lose every human right. They were placed in unbearable conditions to work on plantations and were very mistreated. The first African slaves were brought to America in early colonial America times when people needed cheap labor to care for cash crops. Slaves were brought to America from Africa on disease-infested ships and became the driving force for prosperity in America through what became known as the slave trade. Slavery played a dominating and critical role mostly in the Southern part of United States.
In purpose to control America, the biggest strength of South was slavery which was also the hidden motive behind many political actions and economic statistics. From 1840s to 1860s, slavery dominated the economic and political aspects of life in the South and by the 1840s and 1850s the Southern economy had almost completely become slave and cash crop agriculture based. If the family did not have any slaves in their possession, they would be left landless and penniless or struggling to survive by owning a small farm. Furthermore, Southerners needed more slaves in order to produce more cash crops which would maintain their successful economic situation. Tobacco, cotton, and sugar plantations were the most popular plantations that the slaves had to work on, and without them, the South would go fully bankrupt. Northern states did not support the idea of slavery, which was one the biggest cause of the Civil War and they wanted more free states to increase their hold in politics. Industry was very successful in the North and their main goal was to intermit slavery in the South which would accomplish their goal to subjugate South. Even though the South was at an economical advantage for the most part of Civil War due to slaves fueling their economy, the North won at the end.
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody Civil War. The proclamation stated that all enslaved people must be freed and regain human rights. The war effectively ended slavery ever since then more constitutional amendments were declared that benefited American citizens. The Reconstruction of America began in 1865 when America had just finished fighting the Civil War. That time period was very challenging for political leaders where their task was to organize and reunite the country. It was the point where America attempted to become a full running country once more. The memory of massive death was still in the front of everyones mind, hardening into resentment and sometimes even hatred. Northern countries were very stable economically while Southern countries were non-existent politically or economically. The 13th amendment freed slaves who were trying to start their lives again from the bottom and had no idea how to survive on their own. Only five years after the Civil War the United States Constitution adopted 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. Purpose of these amendments is to give rights to people of color, African Americans, women and slavery. These rules are also called Reconstruction Amendments because they were significant in changing the lives of the Southern part of America.
The Thirteenth Amendment was first introduced out of the three Reconstruction Amendments and it abolished slavery and involuntary servitude in entire country. The fourteenth Amendment stated that every person born or naturalized in the US is considered as its citizen including African Americans. Southerners did not support any of these amendments but had to accept them and reestablish the states in order to recover the economy and life of its citizens in general. The Fifteenth Amendment allowed citizens the right to vote based on their color, gender, race, and previously enslaved family members. When these amendments got adopted into the constitution of the country many people’s lives were changed from the roots and they were given the chance to establish their family, be free and live happy life. After the Civil War people realized that the system of the South was not moral thing to do and by endorsing the three new amendments both, South and North, had to put their powers together to unite the country and rise the economy to where it is today. Can you help me conclude this paragraph better?
Although the Civil War was fought in hopes of preserving the nation, ridding it of slavery by changing and adopting few constitutional amendments, it also helped women gaining higher status in the American society. The Civil War was the largest conflagration in our history. North and South, women had lost their providers to death or disability. Southern women were particularly affected, and marriage patterns were shaped by the loss of so many young men. Although traditional patterns may have changed, marriages still occurred. What did change was the nature of some of these relationships, with the importance of class and patriarchal roles shifting as women married older men and men who may have been damaged, physically and emotionally, by the war. And some women found that outlets other than marriage and motherhood were acceptable alternatives. Single women in both regions became teachers, and by the end of the 19th century women occupied one third of all federal government jobs. When women were found to be more polite on that new-fangled invention, the telephone, than men, they were hired as telephone switchboard operators. Library work became a respectable position for an educated young single woman. In the big cities, the advent of department stores brought a need for female sales clerks, as businessmen realized the buying power of women.
Also, for a small proportion of women, education at college and university levels became a reality. Schools like Vassar, Brenau and Bryn Mawr provided higher education and access to public life for a new generation of women who had grown up during the War. By contributing in the public sphere through work and service only led to more rights and freedom. Reconstruction Amendments played a big role in womens lives and helped them succeed in their goals to be as appreciated as men. After the Civil War women proved that they are as capable as men and should gain independence and control upon their own lives.
In 1896, they were rewarded by getting rights to vote. Post Civil War allowed both single and married women to use their intelligence, talents and skills to contribute to the world more than they have ever been allowed in the past and also set high standards that are very difficult to achieve even today. The four years of fighting amongst the people from the same country but different regions of it caused many destructions and deaths but also led to prosperity of America. The abolition of slavery might have never been carried out, South and North might have remain divided today, and women would still be mistreated. Reconstruction era might be remembered as challenging and very demanding period but by overcoming it, America is today the most powerful and unite country in the world.
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