1. Cite and explain 4 important events that led to homosapiens/ sapiens from common ancestors. Important events that led to homo sapiens from common ancestors are PHYSICAL CHANGES which are considered as CRUCIAL CHANGES for the human evolution. First, over 45Million years ago ancestors stood up with their two legs. Using this ability to walk around and be distinct with the other animals like chimps. Second, it’s over 3Million years ago that ancestors became clever with their hands. This was the event of the “CREATION of TOOLS” wherein they were able to use the natural resources and some physical resources around them and utilize their usefulness to help them survive and to ease up their means of living. Third, over a Million years ago that human ancestors had observed their ever growing brains. It became bigger compared to that of a small size as chimps. Finally, for the fourth important change was that their larynx became to drop. All this time, just recently almost 200 years ago this change happens. These very recent beings who have gone through these evolutionary changes called HOMOSAPIENS were able to effectively practice talking and enable themselves to engage into such conversation, sharing among themselves information and ideas. 2. Discuss the role of cooperation in the survival of our ancestors. Cooperation is one important virtue that enables the ancestors to survive in the ever challenging , frightening, and wild surroundings. Working together, sharing information and knowledge, observing communal life create harmony among them and help them learn from one another then applying those in their daily routine. These practices had make them stand together despite of the uncertainties ahead of them. 3. Does evolution continue today? Cite 3 arguments from the film that support your claim. Yes, evolution still continues today as mentioned in the film. First is that “CULTURAL EVOLUTION” could accelerate further as many writings are being preserved and passed through among different people of different culture and race. Millions of books were stocked and stored in different libraries throughout the world and nowadays these books and all important information were stored and can be accessed through internet that fast and easy. Another argument is that evolution continues with “MODERN MEDICINE”. This affects human evolution as a whole wherein illnesses that are not curable before are now provided by many diagnoses and solutions. There were many newly discovered studies that can help humans less worry. In terms of diet, surgery, medicines, and some other concern can now be easily observed with the help of the invented technologies used in medical profession added to the expertise of those medical practitioners. Finally, the most strongest argument of all is what they call “GENETIC ENGINEERING”. Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the human manipulation of organism genetic material in a way that does not occur under natural conditions. It involves the use of recombinant DNA techniques, but does not include traditional animal and plant breeding or mutagenesis. Manipulating these genes to embryo would imply designs you want for a baby. This field is also into providing news including drug discovery, omics, bioprocessing, clinical research and diagnosis. . Give 3 examples of present day behaviors of human beings that can be explained by evolutionary theory. Present day behaviors of human beings that can be explained by evolutionary theory includes Human Cloning, Infertility treatments, and the engagement to current technologies which leads to the idea of creating “Designed baby”; “Manipulation of the genes that control aging”, and foreseeing that humans may reach 200 years and maintain the youthful years many years from now.
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