Capacity Building Capacity building is defined as a planned development of or increase in the knowledge, personal abilities, work output, management skills and other capabilities of oneself or an organization through acquisition of data, time management, incentives, technology and training. It is a continuous process of development in which the individuals, organizations and societies enhance their abilities to meet the demands of competition and growth. This is partially accomplished by providing the candidates with proper resources, training and knowledge. The key to complete capacity building is through community and social interaction of the team or oneself on a global level for personal motivation and building of confidence. Definitions of capacity building The Scottish Government’s definition of capacity building is: “Measures that strengthen the collective ability of a community enabling individuals, groups and communities to develop the confidence, understanding and skills required to influence decision making and service delivery. This could include enabling communities to provide and manage services to meet community needs.” A more appropriate definition of capacity building is: “Development work that strengthens the ability of community, individuals, organisations and groups to build their structures, systems, people and skills so they are better able to define and achieve their objectives and engage in consultation and planning, manage community projects and take part in partnerships and community enterprises. It includes aspects of training, organisational and personal development and resource building, organised and planned in a self-conscious manner, reflecting the principles of empowerment and equality.” -Skinner, 1997 Need and importance of capacity building In this period of incessant advancement in economy, technology and what not, it is of utmost importance for any business organization to match up with the speed of growth of the market and competitors to sustain otherwise they will lag behind, seriously affecting productivity and profits. For this purpose, it is important for capacity building through workplace training to keep the organization updated of latest commencements. There are certain points where capacity building finds its importance.
Elements of capacity building There are three major elements of capacity building which emphasize on the importance of building correct relationships and enhance productivity of an individual and an organization in a workplace.
Areas of capacity development For capacity building of an organization, each and every workplace has a department specifically assigned to prepare its employees for maximum productivity. For some organizations managers are simply hired to do so. In very small ones, the human resource people are assigned the task of capacity development of the workers whenever the need for the same arises. We can say that workplace training plays a key role for capacity building of the staff in an organization and without it; both workers and managers won’t be able to face the day to day challenges coming in their way. The ultimate effects always falls on the organization which is why capacity building is important. There are three major types of capacity building trainings which could be employed in an organization.
In house workplace training is all about learning from the staff and seniors of the organization itself. It offers the perks of familiarity, comfort and friendliness between trainees and trainers since the teachers are none other than the experienced managers and senior employees of the same organization itself. They effectively conduct training sessions for their junior staff to accustom them with all the problems, solutions, technology, resources and practices to be followed in the workplace so that they become familiar with the environment of their organization and are comfortable enough to give maximum productivity.
There are several professional training organizations which are meant for the sole purpose of being outsourced for capacity building in workplaces. They are called to conduct the training sessions which would help the employees in an organization for development of skill set. These services mostly run by charging a service fee. On the basis of the results of these outsourced training programs, a group of efficient people sorted out of the recruits are appointed for the managerial staff and others are given positions based on their qualifications and skills.
Such training are planned when an organization feels need to train its workers in a specific field. After computerization of the workplace, every organization wants to train all its staff members in handling and operating the latest software to run its digital affairs without any problem. So a special training course is devised through the training manager of the organization. Depending upon the availability of the expertise some or whole of the training is outsourced to a professional trainer. Here the entire syllabus of the training is developed by the organization itself to fulfil its own training needs. Ways of capacity building Capacity building exercises are employed on routine basis by many organizations. As mentioned earlier, they can either be done in the organization or outsourced or both depending upon the needs. There are certain areas which need to be focussed to build capacity and skills in a productive way which would promote innovation and development. These points need to be kept in mind by the individuals undergoing training as well as by the trainers.
The definition of “development” that quoted from Mwalimu Julius Nyerere is as follows: “a process which enables human beings to realise their potential, build self confidence, and lead lives of dignity and fulfilment. It is a process which frees people from the fear of want and exploitation….” Capacity building is a form of development which involves removing the limitations and moving forward by learning something new and productive and at the same time, improving the quality of the organization by troubleshooting the shortcomings. However, it is important for the employees to accept the new change with an open mind in order to fully learn and acknowledge the development of the skill set. It needs the individual to be strong and confidant enough to accept the new skills while keeping a sense of self respect and reliance.
Hence, it is of utmost importance that the organization puts resources and technology in building the analytical skills of the employees so that the advanced step of execution of the concepts becomes easier and precise. This rules out any chances of mistakes in practical approach to the skills and maximizes productivity.
Much of our educational system is based on “the bucket” principle. You fill the bucket with “information.” But true knowledge comes through putting to question all received knowledge because “knowledge” is not neutral. It is an embodiment of existing cultural practices (even prejudices) and power structures. An important part of capacity building is to learn from the experiences. The employees should be made aware about the past experiences so that they get knowledgeable about the problems that can arise in the way and come up with the solutions. This makes them cautious enough to avoid the mistakes made in past and make new experiences to share with others.
Next in importance, for successful income generating projects are the resources with which to engage in productive activity. For this, every company needs two major resources. One the human resources which could be more valuable than money or anything money can buy. The senior employees, employers, managers and human resources team is responsible to maximize the capacity of the individuals by more than 50% by employing great ideas, experiences, skill sets and techniques for building the right skills in the employees. The second one is the technological resources or the monetary resources such as land, buildings, machines, outsourced techniques for capacity building. This is also an important part for building skill sets because solid assets and technological resources are needed to support the program of maximizing the learning process especially in certain fields such as manufacturing and science.
Lobbying(alsolobby) is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. It is an important skill that every individual should learn in life for himself/herself or as a part of the organization. This is the skill that makes you get your work done most of the time. People with lobbying skills are one of the most successful people because the organization relies on them to get their jobs done. Lobbying skills are just another version of persuasion and communication. To build such skills a special training for communication, soft skills are required which include understanding others and reading people’s minds so that it becomes easier to turn them in your favour. In today’s world, people are especially paid high amounts for their lobbying skills and their proficiency in persuasion and negotiation. Though the ethics of lobbying are dual edged, but it is clear that every individual at some point of life becomes a lobbyist and the one who knows it best takes away the piece of cake. Summary The first idea that comes to mind when thinking about capacity is the old saying “Give a man a fish, and he eats for a day. Teach a man to fish, and he eats for a lifetime”. Capacity building aims to apply this saying to the individuals and organizations, by focusing less on providing one-time resources and more on encouragement of ability for organizations to do new things for a lifetime. It is an important point to focus on when aiming for productivity, development, excelling in completion, economic and social welfare. Many ways are employed by organizations for capacity building and it is important to understand that these exercises are a vital part to the road leading to success. Part A-Analytical questions
Part B-Direct questions
Part C-Extra material
https://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/communitylearninganddevelopment/communitycapacitybuilding/aboutccb/whatisccb.asp  https://www.leadership-idn.com/role-of-workplace-training-for-the-hr-capacity-building/  https://www.adf.gov/SD&PWDch9.htm  https://www.adf.gov/SD&PWDch9.htm  https://denisonvpc.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/capacity-building-what-why-and-how/  https://denisonvpc.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/capacity-building-what-why-and-how/  https://denisonvpc.wordpress.com/2012/08/10/capacity-building-what-why-and-how/
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