Artificial Intelligence (AI) is Advances in Computer Science

The issue is if we rely on AI to bring us into a new world of labor, security, and efficiency, we need to ensure that the machine performs as planned and that people cannot overpower it to use it for their own ends or the AI is programmed to do something beneficial, but it develops a destructive method for achieving its goal. People currently control the Earth, not as a result of being the strongest, quickest or biggest, but as a result of being the smartest. Are we assured to stay in control if we’re no longer the smartest? Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking, and many other notable names in science incorporating technology have recently expressed concern within the media and via open letters regarding the risks exhibited by AI, joined by several leading AI researchers. Why is that the subject suddenly within the headlines?

They do it much faster and efficiently, they were designed to do so. For example, a beater can whip cream much better, faster and with less effort, whereas if a human does it with a whisk, he will have to put in the muscle and will have to put in much more effort as compared to whipping cream with a beater. The same goes for cars versus bicycles; a car is much faster and requires lesser manual labor as compared to a bicycle. But these machines are controlled by humans; they don’t have their own judgment or feeling. However; lack of biases and emotions are often a bonus in several things. There are two sides to that coin. A machine that lacks biases and emotional issues conjointly lacks humanity and compassion. As long as the associated AI algorithmic rule is achieving its goal, it doesn’t very care what harm or damage it does. 

The subject of concern is that machines already work better, faster, and more efficiently than humans yet they are still controlled by humans. But if they’re given the judgment of their own, it can be quite dangerous, as man would have lesser control over the machine’s actions. If it’s given a goal, it can adopt a destructive way to achieve it. Paul Virilio, a french philosopher fore-mentioned that after you invent the plane, you may invent the plane crash. With AI still just about in its infancy, we tend to simply sort what AI “plane crashes” seem like. Here’s a realistic example of an intuitive AI. Suppose an AI device for the blind is invented, that instructs blind people of their surroundings, and even reads those books and messages. As soon as it’d realize that it was being used by humans for their benefits, it could surely misguide its user into an accident and whatnot. 

There are several moral, financial, technical, economic, and military dangers to such a powerful technology. Slightly wrong coding could lead to loss of control and cause disastrous consequences. There are several moral, financial, technical, economic, and military dangers to such a powerful technology. Slightly wrong coding could lead to loss of control and cause disastrous consequences. For example, recently the world went through a drastic change, what we call a new era of digital interference. Technology has now taken over as a parasite destroying the capabilities of human beings. However, some people think the fact that AI exists shows how intellectual some human beings can be. We live in a world where power is more salient than humanity. Latterly the world experienced a wave of terrorism which not only worried the people but only caused a lot of panic amongst the government. However, if the computer decides according to its own judgment and understanding, That is, the computer having artificial intelligence, thinking and reacting like a human would, that is a controversy in the subject. There are faster and stronger species than humans, yet humans have control over everything. That’s because humans are the smartest. But what if artificial intelligence outsmarts human intelligence?

One of the most feared consequences of artificial intelligence is it outsmarting human intelligence, and having the power to act with its own judgment. Taking the example of playing football video game with pc, when the player makes a move, the AI system is itself judging what move to make next. Same goes for playing chess with computer, the AI judges what move to make next in accordance to the player’s move. This shows how AI is learning from its environment.

DISRUPTING LABOUR

Artificial Intelligence-based systems and chatbots are taking every industry by storm. As much as they are assuming a critical part in improving assignments and procedures, their impact on human-focused employments and abilities in the work environment has turned into a noteworthy argument. Robots have remodeled industrial manufacture, and currently, they’re being rolled out for food production and restaurant kitchens. Already, artificial intelligence (AI) machines will do several tasks wherever learning and judgment is needed, together with self-driving cars, insurance assessment, stock trading, accounting, HR and many tasks in health care.

It’s certainly true that the advent of AI and automation has the potential to seriously disrupt labor – and in many situations, it is already doing just that. A 2013 Oxford University study estimates that 47 percent of U.S. jobs could be replaced by robots and automated technology within the next two decades. This information is taken from CNBC, a business news channel. A bold step has already been taken by Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance in Japan. The company stated that by the end of March, 34 of its employees will be replaced with an artificial intelligence system that can calculate payouts on policyholders. Although this may look like just a tiny cost-cutting technique by a company, it has a much deeper impact. This information has been taken from business.com, and the writer John Barnett has experience of 14 years in the IT industry which is why I consider this source strong.

A.I. is always ready to surprise us. One example of a chef robot was created using IBM’s Watson technology. Referred to as chef Watson, it’s ready to generate entirely new recipes from scratch using an astonishing knowledge of taste chemistry and flavor pairings. Meanwhile, robots like Miso Robotics’ burger-preparing Flippy are capable of making meals and serving them up at speeds that human chefs struggle to attain. Add table delivery drones into the combination and you don’t even want human waiters to deliver the food to customers. It raises the question of what’s going to happen in the long run for employment.

However, seeing this as a straightforward transfer of labor from humans to machines is a vast over-simplification. This information is taken from digitaltrends.com which is a technology news website and I consider this source strong as it contains facts and figures to prove its point.

One of the most dangerous areas where artificial intelligence could be introduced is weaponry. Autonomous weapons have been described as the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms. If someone makes mini bombs or drones, there are so precise they can make a bulls-eye on the forehead of a person in a split second and not miss. Through AI, with a little misconception of code, the machine can easily be corrupted. The AI system could be hacked and used for killing innocent people. With the introduction of emotion and understanding to AI, it is very possible that the weapon forms an army, like millions of same weapons or robots with the same decision to kill humans. If any major military power pushes ahead with 

AI weapon development, a global arms race is inevitable, and the endpoint of this technological path is obvious: autonomous weapons will become the Kalashnikovs of tomorrow. Unlike nuclear weapons, they require no costly or hard-to-obtain raw materials, so they will become cheap for all significant military powers to produce large scale. It will only be a matter of time until they appear on the black market and in the hands of the wrong people. Also, criminals could use them for nefarious purposes. When most people think about killer AI taking over the planet, they usually think of a “Terminator”-like scenario populated by rogue cyborgs, Skynet, and an epic battle between man and machine. While even the Future of Life Institute admits that a “Terminator” future for AI confuses fact and reality, there is a real need to make sure that super-smart autonomous weapons systems don’t start overriding their human masters in the future.

Perspectives

On a global level, AI will be revolutionary. It will change the course of the future for sure as low wages unskilled jobs will be taken over by machinery and people will lose jobs. However, AI being on the rise will provide more jobs as with more power comes more responsibility. AI brings about a lot of Ease but there are two sides to every coin, it can be disastrous as well and to control that much power, people will be employed. Experts in the field like Elon Musk fear the harmful consequences of AI hence they are strongly against it however many other experts are looking on the bright side and suggesting that AI is the future. AI will bring a wave of change to all sectors of life like Jobs, education, etc.

Nationally, AI-induced machines will make businesses more profitable and will create more wealth that could support everyone. Because of this the ever-growing disparity between the rich and the poor will disappear. There will be more money for the government to spend on advanced machinery and technology making the country more developed. The living standard of people will improve and poverty and disease will be eradicated. Surely such revolutions don’t happen in a nick of time, this will take time but the nation will prosper.

On a personal level, people will have to work for shorter hours and have more time for leisure and holidays. Machines will do all the clerk work while people work for a fair amount of time and stress less, improving health, relationships, etc.

It is more than inevitable for technology and AI to take over a lot of human jobs in the future, due to its effectiveness and speed of performing instructed tasks. However, it’d be a huge mistake to make an intuitive AI. Sure, an AI that could think a lot on its own could be extremely beneficial for crime investigation and other intelligence-related things, but it also brings the possibility of being misused, and even worse, the possibility of the AI realizing that it’s being misused.

Conclusion

There are many benefits of an AI future, such as population control, quicker task performances, easier education etc, but the fear of it being misused is something that matters much more, and it’s something that every tech mastermind should already prepare a checkmate for.

A few centuries ago, it was Lady Ada Lovelace, who with her mathematic yet artistic mind was able to foresee and predict what we now call AI. And to foresee an AI like 2001: A Space Odyssey’s HAL-9000 is much easier than what she foresaw. While many people despise the fact that AI is taking over most of the repetitive and task-oriented jobs, it is for the better of us, as it would most definitely provoke humans to go out of the box and do more than what an artificial intelligence system can. So it’s time for us to have tech-revolutionaries like Ada, which are able to foresee and prepare.

Reference List:

  1. Barnett, J. (2017). Will AI Revolution Lead to Mass Unemployment?. [online] business.com. Available at: https://www.business.com/articles/john-barnett-artificial-intelligence-job-market/ [Accessed 4 Sep. 2018].
  2. Future of Life Institute. (2018). Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence – Future of Life Institute. [online] Available at: https://futureoflife.org/background/benefits-risks-of-artificial-intelligence/ [Accessed 11 Sep. 2018].
  3. Ward, M. (2017). AI and robots could threaten your career within 5 years. [online] CNBC. Available at: https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/05/report-ai-and-robots-could-change-your-career-within-5-years.html [Accessed 13 Sep. 2018].
  4. Palmer, S. (2018). The Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence – DevTeam.Space. [online] DevTeam.Space. Available at: https://www.devteam.space/blog/the-pros-and-cons-of-artificial-intelligence/ [Accessed 7 Sep. 2018].
  5. Future of Life Institute. (2018). Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence – Future of Life Institute. [online] Available at: https://futureoflife.org/background/benefits-risks-of-artificial-intelligence/ [Accessed 11 Sep. 2018].
  6. Marr, b. (2018). [online] Forbes.com. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2017/10/03/5-myths-about-artificial-intelligence-ai-you-must-stop-believing/ [Accessed 9 Sep. 2018].
  7. Digital Trends. (2018). Replaced by robots: 10 jobs that could be hit hard by the A.I. revolution. [online] Available at: https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/8-example-of-jobs-automated/ [Accessed 1 Sep. 2018].
  8. Future of Life Institute. (2015). Open Letter on Autonomous Weapons – Future of Life Institute. [online] Available at: https://futureoflife.org/open-letter-autonomous-weapons/ [Accessed 1 Aug. 2018]. 
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is Advances in Computer Science. (2021, Nov 26). Retrieved December 1, 2021 , from
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