Ancient Egypt was a theocracy, which is a government ruled by a Pharaoh. The Pharaoh is the ruler of Ancient Egypt because they have the belief that they were sent on this earth because a god chose them. The Pharaoh was thought to be a form of a god due to having a religious belief. Ancient Egyptians government social structure contained the Pharaoh, Vizier, Nomark, Other Officials, Scribes, and the Monarchy.
The Pharaoh was the Ruler/Leader of the Government. Under the Pharaoh is the Vizier who was the primary leader of the Government. The Vizier was like the prime minister of supervisor. Under the Vizier was the Nomark and Nomarks ruled an area of land called a nome. Under the Nomarks were the Other Officials. Other Officials were the Army commanders, Chief treasurer, and the minister of public works. Scribes were important to the Government. Scribes would record taxes and keep track of finances. Scribes would ensure everybody paid taxes and determine if the population has grown. Under the Other Officials were the Monarchy which was just the government being ruled by a Pharaoh/King.
Ancient Egypts social class was different from the Government’s social structure. Ancient Egypts social classes from most important to least important started with the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the ruler and he was the king of Ancient Egypt. After the Pharaoh was the Government Officials like the Vizier, Priest, and Nobles. The Government Officials helped manage the temples and government. After the Government Officials were the Soldiers who fought against invaders and protected the land. After the Soldiers were the Scribes. Scribes could read and write better than most egyptians. When Scribes were older there job was to record taxes and keep track of finances. After the Scribes were the Merchants. Merchants would trade products or exchange goods. After the Merchants were the Craftsmen. Craftsmen would make/produce goods. After the Craftsmen were the Peasants. The peasants farmed and were construction workers, peasants also made the pyramids not slaves. After Peasants were Slaves. Slaves were prisoners or house servants and had to obey there commanders rules.
Ancient Egypts largest pyramid was called the Great Pyramid of Giza. It’s also called the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The pyramid is the oldest and the largest pyramid and it was built out of stone. Another Ancient artifact was the Great Sphinx. The great Sphinx is just a sitting lion with a human head. Egyptians made pyramids for the dead Pharaohs tombs.
Egyptians believed to preserve the body so they could keep the souls alive and so the Egyptians could go to the After life. Egyptians also believed in embalming. Embalming is the process of preserving the body after death so the body doesn’t rot or fall apart. It takes years to learn how to embalm a dead body but egyptians were skillful doctors.
To preserve the body ancient egyptians would wash the corpse with scented palm oil. Then the embalmer would remove the liver, intestines, stomach, and lungs. The brain was then removed with a hook through the nose. Each organ was placed in jar of solution for a few days. Then the body was washed on the inside of the body. The embalmer would then wrap the organs up and place them back in the body. When the embalmer places the organs back in the body, the body will then be completely wrapped up.
Also when the embalmer was taking out the organs, they didn’t take out the heart because ancient egyptians believed that the heart was the fountain of life. A completely wrapped preserved body is called a mummy but when your wrapping the body up it’s called mummification. When the mummy is fully wrapped it would be put in a sarcophagus. The sarcophagus is just a decorated coffin. The sarcophagus has hieroglyphics on it. Hieroglyphics are the egyptian language and drawings. Egyptians used the papyrus plant to make the first paper. The paper was then used to record taxes keep track of finances.
Egyptians believed of holy animals but the main animal was cats. Egyptians worshipped cats. All cats were holy animals, if you were to kill a cat you would be sentenced death. Egyptians also embalmed cats. Cats were so important that egyptians would draw and paint pictures of cats on walls of the temples. Other holy animals in Ancient Egypt were Crocodiles, Snakes, and Storks.
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