Both Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud are considered to be the founders of the modern psychoanalytic motion besides their different approach to psychology. Mental illnesses are common, widespread and can be physically or/and emotionally trying to families. Mental illness is a disease that causes mental disturbance and behavioral change resulting in an inability to handle life's routines. Both psychotherapy and medication can be used to treat patients with mental disorder. Psychotherapy involves a series of treating psychiatric disorder, emotional and mental health according to the Medical News Today (Michel Hersen, 2012). On the other hand, medical technology through the use of medication and housing treatment has played a great role in improving the treatment of mental illness (Thompson, 2014). But how did these interventions develop?
Since the early 1990s, mental illness treatment process has increased immensely which has led to adverse in healthier treatment methods of numerous mental illnesses today. The notion of person interior life earned millions of people into psychotherapy viewing the unconscious mind as a warehouse for a desire that could be pathologized and treated. Psych was viewed as an innately spiritual place that could be fished for insight and healed. This enabled mental illness patients to live a normal life once again and gained popularity over the years. However, in the past, patients with mental illness were treated as prisoners by being isolated in hospitals. At this time psychiatry took no interest in psychological components of mental health but simply viewed this behavior in light of an anatomical structure of the brain. For some people psychology is cast in various lights, some describing it as a product of a modern moment in the 18th century while others viewing it as an old age healing method that harks back to ancient Greece.
Today, psychotherapy has proved to be more effective than medication. Antidepressants and antianxiety are some of the leading psychotic drugs in place of psychotherapy not only in the US but around the globe. However, there are raised concerns about the effectiveness of this drug as they may not only fail to treat psychological disorder but can have a batch of side effects which in many cases are not communicated to the users as required. Despite numerous inventions in basic neuroscience research and its promising intellectual ability, we have very little to show when it comes to the treatment side of it as written by Professor Richard Friedman at the Cornell Medical College (Mark A. Lemley, 2016). He also noted that even the newer drugs in the market are no more than the old ones. Almost all the government expenditure on mental health research is spent on development of drugs rather than psychotherapy. Nonetheless, this doctrine is vastly supported by the fact that people prefer drugs to therapy. A research done by the Schumm, and his colleague’s reports a high level of satisfaction with an orientation to provide a client on the options available before a therapy (Kimberly A. Hepner, 2015). Over 30 percent preferred therapy alone. This is because it has no side effects and works effectively to help patients overcome mental illness.
In 1906 Freud began a correspondence with a young psychiatrist Carl Jung to discover more on nervous and brain disorder. But over time their relationship started having cracks when Carl Jung dismissed some of Freud basic psychotic tenets. Psychoanalysis became a very great extent in and through Fraud's work while Jung focused more on Collective Unconscious. Freud assumed that many of the traumatic memories experienced were not in fact real event memories but pony accounts of fantasies. This theory of Psychoanalytical technique involves instructing a patient to associate freely and helping them in interpreting the obstacles they encounter while trying to relate and understand their assertiveness and feelings towards the analyst. In other words, Psychoanalysis is a type of treatment of neuroses. Other forms of psychotherapy which combine other techniques with Freudian theory may include psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy and strictly speaking (Stricker, 2010). Freud then modeled a composite instrument in which endeavors to determine specific points various mental process took place which he named topographical Model. Freud psychoanalytic theory has had the greatest insight on the human mind to date which has enabled advisement in better treatment methods of mental illness. His theories have led to a positive impact on the treatment of human anguish in a wide spectrum.
Carl Jung a Swiss psychiatrist was to become Freud's heir to psychoanalysis theory but later disagreed with him on some of the key concepts and ideas; for example, he objected Frank's focus on sexuality as a key motivation towards behavior and unconscious concept as negative and too limited. Carl's dramatically eluded from psychoanalysis and mainly focused on Collective unconscious as key to his theory as it enclosed the archetypes. Jung focused on looking at areas of the human mind that constitute the psyche and ways they influence one another. He believed that human psyche exists in 3 parts including, the collective unconscious, the personal unconscious, and the ego. He believed that humans face unconsciously through many symbols in various aspects of life like films, religion, painting, and dreams. His theory has a notable impact on the field of psychology while his concept of extraversion and introversion has extensively contributed to personality psychology which has improved psychotherapy up to date. This theory enables psychologies to categories of people in terms of different personalities. He describes this as the concept of archetypes and use of synchronicity in psychotherapy. Through a process called individuation, inner conflicts causing mental illnesses can be emerged into the accommodating and conscious state thus creating harmony within an individual. This helps patients to overcome mental illness thus enabling them to live a normal life once again.
Certainly, psychotherapy has come to play a major role in the lives of many people since its conception back in the 19th century. Approximately 14.3 percent of the American population today has accessed therapy between the year 2016 and now. It is also said that there are about 250,000 psychotherapies, 100,000 counselors and 41,000 psychiatrists in the USA today. But how are this professional relevant to our lives today? The National Health Service in Britain argues that this person helps in the improvement of the economic performance of a country (Paul Atkinson, 2016). Psychotherapy has a high stake in society today. This is because of their institutional and intellectual quality which remains opaque to clients besides their many practitioners. Additionally, government support and state service particularly when bolstered have enabled upspring of the psychotherapeutically knowledge over the years.
Psychological in the modern world has certainly come to play a huge role in our lives today. They have created a fundamental way of conserving one's self. This means that psychiatry has emerged as value fee techniques without any effect on the social, political and economic framework. Many of the modern psychoanalysis approaches to a large extent delude historical interrogation and thus remained opaque to patients creating an ethical consequence in terms of transparency. Psychotherapeutically knowledge holds authority that cannot be neglected thus imperative to reflect on the emergence and modification of the existing modes of therapy.
There is thus an importance in reflecting on different modes of therapy in the treatment of mental illnesses. Although medication is widely in use in modern society, its side effects cannot be ignored and therefore there is a need to concentrate more on therapy. What are the side effects of psychiatric drugs? Some of the side effects of drugs may include addiction, brain damage that caused actual cell death, brain shrink, hallucination, psychosis depersonalization, and even suicide. The new contribution remains that psychotherapy since its birth has offered far more diverse and sophisticated mental healing process. It offers new ways of perceiving therapeutic techniques and proclamation that the patient's interaction with the psychologies is key to the treatment of mental disorder.
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