The Life of Pablo Picasso

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Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, printmaker, sculptor, stage designer and ceramicist and was one of the greatest and most influential artist of the 20th century. For almost all of his life he threw himself into his works of creating art thinking that is what will keep him alive. Starting from a young age to adulthood he goes on to be great.

Pablo Picasso was born with the full name Pablo Diego Jos© Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Marí­a de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santí­sima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruí­z y Picasso, that honors many saints and relatives of his. On October 25, 1881, in Málaga, Spain, he was born to Doí±a Maria Picasso y Lopez and Don Jos© Ruiz Blasco. When Pablo Picasso was young, his father, a painter and art teacher, had begun to teach him how to draw. By 13 he was already better than him. At 14 (1895), he lived in Barcelona, Spain and was accepted to School of Fine Arts that only kids older than him for excepted into. At 16 (1897), he lived in Madrid and attended Royal Academy of San Fernando, but with how much skill he had, he was restless at every school he went to and would skip class to go out on the streets and sketch.

In Modern Art, he was known as a profile painter. Ages 15-90 (1896-1900), he painted self-portraits, and was constantly changing how each one was made. Between 1901 to 1904, this became his Blue Period, most all of his self-portraits became dark and dull. This was because of his friend's death, Carlos Casagemas. He moved to Paris, France and began to paint themes of isolation, poverty and anguish. Out of that period, some of his famous paintings were created, Blue Nude, La Vie and The Old Guitarist. He entered this phase quickly and angrily, he painted somber, stylized scenes in cool blue tones, as evident in his striking self-portrait from the same year ( Richman-Abdou). After his blue period, his work began to change into warmer colors of pinks, which most call it his, Rose Period. At only 20-years-old his self-portraits would go back and forth, As apparent in his self-portrait of the same year, this style incorporates geometry, fractured forms, and thick, black lines. Following this period, Picasso dabbled in a myriad of aesthetics, from Neo-Classicism to Surrealism (perceptible in his dreamy piece from 1938) (Richman-Abdou). This is where his Cubism style of art began.

The artistic style Cubism, was created by Picasso and his friend George Braque in 1907. A style of modern paintings, where objects are broken apart and resembled in abstract form. This shocked the world in how they highlighted geometric shapes and switching view points on physics-defying and collage-like look to them. Cubism shows different ways of seeing the world we live in, Cubism became abouthowto see an object or figure rather thanwhatthe artist was looking at (Masterworks Fine Art). He would make the figures look distorted, and make geometric objects appear as a whole or separate. For 10 years he created this type of art work and some of his most famous pieces were created like, Three Women (1907), Girl with Mandolin (1910), and Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table (1909).

Picasso went though many loves of life women. He had loved his women but did not always treat them fairly, Picasso did not have an easy relationship with women he onlylovedthem yet in some cases he was abusive (Otterstein). During his Rose Period, Fernande Olivier, was in many pieces because she was his first long-time partner. At 20-years-old, he was in love with how she looked, her beautiful eyes and red hair. She left him years later when he became too controlling of her. Through Fernande, he met his new muse Eva Gouel, they were together for 3 years and she was called his queen of his cubist works. She was very involved in his life and his paintings until she was diagnosed with tuberculosis. He then had a short affair with a woman named Gaby. After Eva died, he moved to Italy, and fell in love with a Russian ballerina, Olga Khokhlova. This was his first wife, she had always demanded to be painted, but never in a Cubism style. They had a son named Paulo, who was inspired by his dad and began to create a series of paintings called Maternit©. Since Picasso was not loyal enough, he had affairs. His wife, Olga, was so enraged she moved with Paulo to south of France, but never stopped obsessing over her husband. Time went on and he met yet another, Marie-Th©rí?se Walter, a 17-year-old girl. He was 46-years-old, they had a child named Maya, but soon after he had affairs and they grew apart. Franí§oise Gilot,aspiring painter and law student only 21-years-old, was in love with Picasso and had 2 children, Claude and Paloma. In 1953 she left him because of his cheating behavior and abuse. She published a book called Life with Picasso in 1964. In 1961, at 79-years-old was one of most creative times while married to 27-year-old Jacqueline Roque, who treated him like he was a saint (Otterstein). She was in over 400 of paintings and ceramics, and was the last of his muses to be used. He died in 1973, while Jacqueline was so in love, killed herself 13 years later.

Pablo Picasso is one of the most known names around the world. His works of art is associated all through history with his skill and inventiveness. His self-portraits and dealing with his depression of Blue period let him move on to the Rose period, where he began to use brighter colors and was more creative with his work. Major contribution in creating Cubism art, formed how today artist perceive our world in how we live. Cubist style of art is what he is most known for creating, along with his partner George Braque, involving geometric shapes of either cut up objects put back on or painted distorted figures. Picassos inspirations mostly came from his loves of his life, and are the more famous of his works. As one of the most important artist in history, he gave so many pieces to be admired and respected that will go on for centuries.

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The Life of Pablo Picasso. (2019, Aug 05). Retrieved March 3, 2024 , from

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