Pablo Picasso Life and Work

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Since when art becomes one of the most popular way to represents beauty, soul, spirit, and voice of the artists. It is consider as a communicative form which the artists could use to substitute for their words. Art has been nourished the world for such a long time, and there is no intention as well as limitations on stopping. During the twentieth century, Pablo Picasso who was the most successful representative for modern art, was well-known as genius in the field of abstract art, sculpting, and ceramics. Unlike other painters and artists, Pablo Picasso was motivated by his own life experiences, social activities, and the image of women at that time. This research paper will be focused on Pablo Picasso’ life, his art works, and the cubist side of him, who was named as the most important figure’s in modern art, has taken the world viewers to many places to see what the real art creations are.

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Pablo Picasso’s full name was Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepmuceno Maria de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz, translated to traditional Spanish means the names of the honorable Saints and Picasso’s family relatives; he was born in Octocber 25, 1881 in Spain, and died in April 8, 1973 in France. Growing up from a family in Malaga, Spain where his father Jose Ruiz Blasco was an art teacher and his mother was Maria Picasso Y Lopez, had inspired little Picasso with all the passion of naturalistic paintings. At the age of thirteen, surprisingly his father found out how talented Picasso was by asking him to finish the picture he was drawing a still life; at that moment immediately he decided to stop working on paintings and sent Picasso to famous Art Schools in Barcelona and Madrid to develop his art passion skills. In October, 1900 Picasso made the first trip to Paris where his vision of art changed completely, began the Blue Period of Picasso from 1901 to 1904 was all about the paintings were prevailed in blue and blue-green color.

Even though it is so obviously to realize Pablo Picasso was fascinated by his father and motivated by drawing lessons since he was five years old, he always proved how different he was when he took his mother’s last name Picasso rather than adopting the common name Ruiz from his father. Perhaps dropping out of school in Madrid and chose Paris enjoying studying masterworks at the Louvre with the company of fellow artists at cabarets was the best decision in Picasso life. During 1905-1906, Pablo Picasso brought a whole fascinating circus world of acrobats, clowns, and wandering family combined with bright tone pink and grey color into his art works to mark his rose period. Pablo Picasso was known as a great painter, sculptor, printmaker, and a draftsman; that is why there is no reason to deny that he usually painted his works in different styles surrounded by his memories, his imagination, and his care. As the paper mentioned above, Cubism connects closely artistic style with Pablo Picasso; especially it has shown the concept of three dimensional human figure, distorting the shapes, lines, and contours of the paint through his works. By 1913, Picasso together with George Braque pointed out the movement of Cubism as the chief progressive ideology in both North America and Europe.

Along with Cubism period, Picasso’s one of the most famous paintings was drawn Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, which was inspired by Aafrican artifact, was started by Picasso’s African influenced period in 1907. The painting was about 8 feet square canvas described with the real profound advancement contributed by Picasso’s contemporary, and stated that modernism had lead initially with his masterpiece. Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon displays five women covered in silver and blue draperies; two of them were standing with raising arms above their breast, while the other three wore masks (one in brown wooden color, and two in African masks). The canvas also shows a plate of fruits, nude women with sharp elbows where viewers could see the scarce curves from hips, waists, and breasts, seemed as the first sign of cubism. Picasso emphasizes the strong characters intent disguising themselves though the African masks worn by the three women. The message Picasso was trying to send from Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon was innovative original art, was to introduce about Modernism, and was about against the western tradition styles regarded to sexuality in Cubist art in the past.

Late 1920 -1930 Picasso was influenced by classical art, the appearance of surrealism replaced slowly the cubism in his creative life, which revealed many stages of sympathy, attitude, and sensibility. During the Spanish Civil War, Pablo Picasso contributed his artwork Guernica as a strong political statement against the bombing tragedy of a small Basque town. According toAlfred H. Barr On April 28, 1937, the Basque town of Guernica was reported destroyed by German bombing planes flying for General Franco. Picasso, already an active partisan of the Spanish Republic, went into action almost immediately. He had been commissioned in January to paint a mural for the Spanish Government Building at the Paris World’s Fair; but he did not begin to work until May 1st, just two days after the news of the catastrophe. The artist completed his work which was more than 25 feet wide and 11 feet high within seven weeks, had shown his deep feelings and emotions about the massacre. Guernica was extremely painted in black, white, and gray; illustrated the pain, the brutal consequences, the suffering from the war. It became an extraordinary historical monument of art during the twentieth century. Compared to other artist at the same time, it was believed that no artist except Picasso could be able to bring the cubism language that absorbs into social and political awareness. Picasso not only exposured the dark side of the war, but also focused on the agony as well as the misery of the pain which Spanish people were suffering in Guernica.

As Pablo Picasso once said:You will not understand arts as long as you won’t understand that in arts 1+1 may give any result but 2, which means art might never give the correct answer; since art only sketches out the artist’s personal expression – his truth, can be explain in the relation of cubist theory. They believe that the influences of Picasso’s artwork were spread widely his principles of cubism has been applied by many painters and other artists as the inspiration to their own paintings; in addition, his personal life and his professional life also merged into the flow of modern art, industry, economy, and ideology.


Gavronsky, S. (2001). Aragon: politics and Picasso. The Romanic Review, 47+. Retrieved from

Pablo Picasso. (2004). In Encyclopedia of World Biography (2nd ed., Vol. 12, pp. 292-295). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from

Tomasic, John. “”Picasso, Pablo (1881??“1973).”” St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, edited by Thomas Riggs, 2nd ed., vol. 4, St. James Press, 2013, pp. 148-149. Gale Virtual Reference Library, Accessed 23 Apr. 2018.

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