Each and every species on this planet depends upon the survival of one another, so what occurs on the off chance that one gets wiped out? According to Bruskotter (2009), currently, there are over 1 thousand endangered species in the United States by itself (p.75). Each creature is influenced somehow, and it is certainly not in a good way. There are many different terms to depict the status of these creatures, similarly as there are numerous variables that played into them even getting to that status in the first place. The termination of a living species influences everything around that particular organism whether the two come into contact or not. This happens everywhere to everything even to us. There are additionally numerous strategies talked about and honed to try and find a balance regarding the elimination of species, however some are not close as effective as others.
The growing problem/trend of endangered species has been going on since the beginning of time literally, dating back to the dinosaurs. The only difference between the present and what happened to the dinosaurs is that we have an idea what made the dinosaurs go extinct (the big bang) and we have yet to find a solid reason for the multitude of endangered animals that are on the verge of becoming extinct. Enzler (2009), suggests that scientists have worked diligently to try and spare endangered species since the birth of most animals’ and species came during the 1970’s. These endeavors have spared many endangered species from becoming full on extinct, including some famous species known to the US like the Bald Eagle (p.80). However, those examples of overcoming the ongoing adversity of endangered species have been the exemption as opposed to the standard we live in currently. The amount of endangered species has dramatically increased in the previous couple of years and at this rate our environment won’t be able to afford the loss of these species. Learning about what an actual endangered species is, what makes a species vulnerable to extinction, what the Endangered Species Act is, and the role us humans play in that will ultimately give insight on how to contain this growing trend of species becoming endangered.
An endangered species is not hard to define at all. First of all, to be viewed or categorized as an endangered species, the number of inhabitants in that particular species must be extremely low the point that it is in danger of becoming permanently terminated. In Bruskotter’s and Enzler’s view (2009), becoming extinct is the exact point at which an animal is recognized as being totally destroyed, being pronounced extinct doesn’t happen overnight either, it’s a process that takes an extensive amount of time (p. 78). A specific species is only proclaimed extinct when it has been decades since it’s been seen by anybody. An animal or species can never be recorded as endangered officially until its chances of recuperation is low. Before any species even achieves the label of being viewed as endangered, they are recorded first as threatened.
Webb (2002), suggests that scientists propose that approximately 99 percent of all animal species that have ever walked this earth and lived are currently wiped out (p.60). Each and every species that is present now, along with people, will constantly become terminated in some way shape or form one day. But what actually makes any one animal species pretty much more susceptible or powerless against annihilation? The extinction rate changes depending on the type of animal, so obviously not all animal species are similarly defenseless. Scientists have worked admirably of archiving animal species extinction, and it is trying to find that one reason that causes it is what’s hard. Take a look at some present-day models, some tipping focuses that prompt the elimination of an animal species wind up self-evident. Decreased populace sizes are another big factor when it comes to species becoming endangered. As the quantity of a particular animal group lessens, it can cause a decrease in hereditary variety in that group and allow for that specific species to be more vulnerable to random attacks. In the event that the rest of the number of inhabitants in an animal species is little enough, a random solitary fire or flood could end that whole species. Human beings, without question have known that various temperatures can also prove to be an important factor in species dying off. Pretty much every significant ascent or decrease in worldwide temperatures in US history has brought about the termination of a handful of species.
Every factor that leads to species becoming endangered cannot always have a definitive reason though. Random events like meteorite strikes, fires, and floods play a vital part in killing species as well. An example of this would be The Big Bang Theory that was referred to earlier, that wiped out all dinosaurs and maybe even some other species that we don’t know about. This random point of view on endangered species and extinction is the reason why some people have contended that the phrase survival of the most fortunate might be a superior explanation of life than the most famous phrase survival of the fittest. Speaking about the survival of the fittest, there is also a theory that metabolism is another important factor when it comes to species being born more vulnerable than others. According to the studies of Brook (2002), species with higher metabolic rates tend to not be able to live longer than the species with regular or low metabolic rates (p.64) Since metabolism is connected to things like maximum life span, growth, maturity and population size it can be inferred that these characteristic traits play a huge part in whether a species is more susceptible to becoming endangered or extinct.
On account of concerned residents and researchers around the world, numerous countries, including ours (The US), have passed specific laws to ensure and preserve endangered species. A few laws protect against the hunting of animals and others prohibit the building of land in and around the habitats of endangered species in an effort to put an end to endangered species. The most influential and powerful would be The Endangered Species Act. This law was passed in 1973 to protect endangered animals. According to Bostov (2018), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of only a handful of many US ecological laws to be passed during the 1970’s decade and fills in as the sanctioning enactment to essentially complete the arrangements made for endangered creatures and untamed life everywhere throughout the united states (p.4). The Endangered Species Act basically creates programs dedicated to the preservation of endangered and threatened creatures in their respectable living spaces in the wild. According to Anthony (2018), species protected by The Endangered Species Act incorporate winged animals, trees, creepy crawlies, grasses, reptiles, warm blooded animals, scavengers, blooms, and fish (p.5)
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