How did the universe get to be so big? Where did it come from? How did it all start and end up like today? These are just a handful of the questions being asked about the birth and opening creation of our beautiful universe as we know it. As imperfect humans, it’s likely that we won’t always have all the answers, but science and modern technology has provided us with one. Scientific theory has led us to believe that the origin of the earth’s being, along with the entire universe surrounding us is The Big Bang Theory.
John Rhys-Daives wrote, “The universe starts off with the Big Bang theory, and the first thing that emerged from the Big Bang is essentially hydrogen and then helium. And that’s what combusts in stars. Finally, stars implode, and they build heavier elements out of that. And those heavier elements are reconstituted in the heart of other stars, eventually”. While there have been scientific debates on the theory, most of the modern scientific and technological world have come to conclude that the Big Bang theory is nothing short of the truth. Astronomers along with a countless number of philosophers are said to be solely convinced that the universe came from a simple nothing over some 13.8 billion years ago. The Big Bang theory carries more complexity than what the name gives off at first glance. To think that life and all we know around us started off as an explosion of incomprehensible heat and speed. Only time could have proven that something as small as that pin-point would cool itself and inflate in seconds.
Scientist have done their utmost to explain the theory in a way that all people in general can understand, they tied the theory like a knot at the end of a rope and described it this way: “At that point, they believe, the universe underwent an extremely brief and dramatic period of inflation, expanding faster than the speed of light. It doubled in size perhaps 100 times or more, all within the span of a few tiny fractions of a second. This rapidly expanding universe was pretty much empty of matter, but it harbored huge amounts of dark energy, the theory goes. Dark energy is the mysterious force that scientists think is driving the universe’s current accelerating expansion. During inflation, dark energy made the universe smooth out and accelerate. But it didn’t stick around for long” (Wall 2017).
The world as big as it is today was once thought to be something as small as a pin-point bubble minus that pin-point bubble trillions of times. Imagine the size of what they believe turning into the great big world we’ve come to know and love now. Out of the blue and rather sudden, this bubble started getting bigger and bigger. The expansion created what we know and now call the universe. In little to no time, the earth went from the size of a minimal pin point, the size of a single atom to be precise, to becoming this enormous galaxy that holds the earth, the sun, the moon, the stars, etc… the big bang theory owns the idea that the universe and all that’s in it came into existence as one, as a “singularity”. What is singularity? The Urban Dictionary brings out that a “singularity is a region of infinite density and zero volume where gravitational parameters diverge to infinity”, appearing in black holes, with no start or finish; time zones that run on infinitely. A microsecond for protons and neutrons detach themselves free of a power bond, they’re called quarks. The enormous amount of radiation being distrusted at the time and these quarks are what made up most of the universe all together. The universe was born, cooled like taking something straight out of the oven and set to enlarge itself. Protons and electrons were being distributed amongst atoms in a 2-1 ratio, meaning that for every positive charge, a negative charge at existent time, cancelling out any charge at all. Meaning that with a cancellation of matter and antimatter, it was unbelievable that they did not destroy each other altogether, given the fact that matter and antimatter cannot be within close contact of each other.
Instead, after the destruction of both the matter and antimatter, the overpowering particles in the matter were left behind like residue, thus creating all that remains in the universe, like the galaxies, the planets, even human beings. By this time, the universe was said to be a few milliseconds old, infusing within itself elements that carry light like helium. Again, this could easily be tied back to the makeup of protons, electrons etc… but rather, Nasa stated that “the free electrons would have caused light, (photons) to scatter the way sunlight scatters from the water droplets in the clouds”.
This leads to the question of how the universe came to have light and life, its best put this way, “Over time, however, the free electrons met up with nuclei and created neutral atoms. This allowed light to shine through about 380,000 years after the Big Bang. This early light ?” sometimes called the “afterglow” of the Big Bang ?” is more properly known as the cosmic microwave background” (Howell 2017). The birth of the universe explained goes far beyond just the make-up of it, what really ties the theory and draws the attention of many scientists, philosophers, and astronomers today is the time bracket that’s withheld. You see, time is very important to us as humans, all of science’s greatest breakthroughs have revolved around a specific time bracket of development, so has the universe.
The Big Bang Theory has made an estimate that the universe itself was constructed within 10^-34 of a second, “a second or so old ?” that is, a hundredth of a billionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second in age”(Chio 2017). It is unbelievable to imagine, to think that all we know around us has not been set for a clear precise explanation, we only know the answers that time can give us through discovery of outreach. In conclusion of my paper, the words of Stephen Hawking best fit the ideology of the matter that is The Big Bang Theory, “The role played by time at the beginning of the universe is, I believe, the final key to removing the need for a Grand Designer and revealing how the universe created itself.
Time itself must come to a stop. You can’t get to a time before the big bang, because there was no time before the big bang. We have finally found something that does not have a cause because there was no time for a cause to exist in. For me this means there is no possibility of a creator because there is no time for a creator to have existed. Since time itself began now of the Big Bang, it was an event that could not have been caused or created by anyone or anything.
So, when people ask me if a god created the universe, I tell them the question itself makes no sense. Time didn’t exist before the Big Bang, so there is no time for God to make the universe in. It’s like asking for directions to the edge of the Earth. The Earth is a sphere. It does not have an edge, so looking for it is a futile exercise.”
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