Ever since a society, or a country, was formed there have been various social and political issues such as brutal wars, murders, racial and gender inequality, Fair elections along the Voter Rights, and of course, poverty, which about forty-percent of the world population experience for a painfully prolonged time. The research on youth poverty that Karen Moore, Participant in Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), have made the readers to dexterously understand why peoples’ knowing the causes to youth poverty are of paramount importance to prevent the financial disparity. The argument is said to be elucidated and furthered through empirical data, with a focus on the ‘developing’ world, particularly in South-East Asia.
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Throughout the paper, Karen Moore explains a few different reasons that are causing both adult and youth poverty, and provides the readers with persuasive elements that bolster her arguments as to why poverty has been endlessly continuing and why people should find solutions.
Karen Moore uses the phrase Born poor, stay poor, as to introduce the first reasoning to poverty. She claims that if a child is born under a parental poverty, that child is going to experience a childhood poverty which will lead to possible socioeconomic and physiologic damages that persist over the life-course; moreover, there will be another adult poverty being inherited to the children while continuing the devastating cycle. Unexpectedly, she states that it is not feasible for impoverished parents to prevent their children from undergoing poverty, although, it is necessary to gradually improve the given circumstances before their children fully develop. Karen Moore then states that an absence of parent of guardianship will cause about 99.55% of children to suffer and make terrible choices (Moore 11), and the only coherent solution to this is foster care. Concluding the first reasoning, Karen Moore effectively depicts the severity of on-going intergenerational-transmitted poverty and why it gets more difficult to prevent or reverse the cycle later in life by using a chart and line graphs along the fact; Yaqub (2000) reports that in the USA people who have been in poverty for more than four years have a 90% probability of remaining poor the rest of their lives (Moore 15). The specific data that she has provided clearly shows the importance of preventing the childhood poverty before a child fully develops; furthermore, if the shortage and famine are not averted, there will be an extreme repercussion to the children. While arguing the factors that cause life-course poverty, the author aptly uses an appeal to logic and reasoning by providing appropriate facts in an attempt to persuade the reader to understand why breaking the reversing cycle of poverty is imperative.
Karen Moore asserts that a lack of sufficient education and gender discrimination is another key constraint to peoples’ livelihood, particularly for girls. Based on the research she has given, the most underdeveloped countries such as, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, and Cambodia, provide minimum primary education to thriving children which is why these a myriad of citizens of these countries suffer from shortages. During her research in these countries, Karen Moore has concluded that In Vietnam, almost 30%, and In the Philippines, almost 20% of 20-24-year-old women only had a primary education (Moore 16). In Indonesia, the dearth of learning opportunities and wealth lead women to marry before fully completing their primary educations. These statistics discretely illustrate the gender inequality along the explanations to extensive poverty that Karen Moore was solely focusing on. She adequately hints the readers that amongst all ages and genders, young women between the age of twenty to twenty-four suffer the most to cogently depict the life of women painfully living without having educational background along the youth poverty that they have grown in. In fact, her research highlights that sons are clearly favored in terms of both land inheritance and educations while daughters focus on marriages; however, she mostly uses an appeal to emotions to acquire sympathy from the readers and support that youth poverty should be prevented at all costs. Karen Moore also bolsters her arguments by dexterously using dictions such as, more studious, patient, willing to sacrifice, and interested in their studies (Moore 17) to describe the women who are unable to learn due to gender inequality and poverty.
The author finalizes her contention by pointing out the last prominent component in youth poverty: The intergenerational transmission of poverty via nutrition can begin in utero (Moore 19) Despite being a discernible logic, Karen Moore asserts that the child of an abundantly nourished mother develops physically faster and better than that of a deprived mother in order to highlight the evidence of an estimated 30 million infants are born each year in developing countries with impaired growth due to poor nutrition during fetal life (ACC/SCN 2000) (Moore 19). These children with impediments will painfully face adversities when learning educations and finding positions to make money; moreover, these factors will lead to an adult poverty while creating the prolonged cycle of destitution which was discussed in the opening of the author’s research paper. Karen Moore then further advances her argument to hint that young women with anemic or stunted health status, due to malnutrition, is likely to be underdeveloped for childbirth, and face significantly high rate of maternal and child mortality. Unfortunately, both adult and child malnutrition due to poverty has been an immense social problem which led over 150 million pre-school children to be underweight and over 200 million children stunted (James Commission 2000) (Moore 19). Karen Moore reiterates that childhood deprivation does not always lead to lifelong poverty but in order to interrupt the cycle of life-course poverty, the socio-economic opportunities and adaption are indispensable; however, this solution also becomes futile and difficult with age, as both socio-economic and biological disadvantage accumulate. Karen Moore adroitly makes a distinct connection between malnutrition and poverty by providing persuasive data and logic as well as sharing relevant charts and sources; moreover, she shows a great understanding of the causes and solutions to chronic destitution.
Youth poverty is undoubtedly a serious problem in society because of the large numbers of children living in absolute destitution in currently developing countries “ Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Cambodia. Throughout her research paper, Karen Moore has argued that youth poverty should be viewed more seriously because youth are more likely to experience poverty compared to other age groups reason being that the dynamism and anxieties surrounding the transition from child to adulthood or due to gender discrimination. Karen Moore dexterously uses appeal to logic and emotions as well as diction to bolster her arguments. In the concluding paragraph, she also made concessions by asserting that it is not always the case that youth are disproportionately poor (Moore 23); however, the truth is that out of 7.2 billion of the world population, about forty percent suffer from poverty, especially children. Karen Moore made a great research and well states her claims as to what are the factors causing poverty and why people should understand the enormity and seriousness behind this social issue.
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