Thesis: There are multiple points to support that the practice of genetic engineering helps us as a society, but there are other sides arguing that the genetic modification of humans and animals is unjust. They also say that genetically modifying foods serves no purpose for health. This practice has upsides and downsides, this causes controversy for genetic engineering.
Genetic engineering background and what it is.
Genetic engineering is the process of modifying an organism’s characteristics through its genetic code. This can be carried out in people, animals, and foods.This is done mainly to rid our bodies of harmful illnesses that may prevent us from living longer, and it is also used to improve the way we grow and make foods more efficient.
Genetic engineering can help in many ways, but can lead to things considered to be harmful or unethical.
The point of genetic engineering is to modify one type of plant or animal for a certain use and then have them reproduce and spread the given trait. If this doesn’t work then the modification won’t be passed on, defeating the overall purpose of genetic engineering.
Some focus on human genetic illnesses.
that the gene is found and then isolated. When this is done, the gene can either be added or removed to or from the organism.
This requires the DNA that was in the organism also to be copied several times. Genetic engineering can be done on any organism. This process is done by splitting the DNA in half through the double helix. The split DNA is then paired with the chemical that is appropriate.
are inserted into the tissue of the organism because it is impossible to insert it into every cell.
In 1859, Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species which gives us a look at what they knew about breeding at that time.
This book talks of two main points which help set up what we know of genetic engineering and many other points in biology. One of these points is that diverse organisms come from one or many similarly common ancestors. The second point is the process in which this evolution occurs is natural selection. Darwin is mainly referred to as the father of evolution.
Gregor Mendel developed the basic concept of genetics in 1865.
In 1978, Louise Brown was born and was declared the first test tube baby. This was a great achievement for genetic modification in humans.
In 1980, the first genetically modified mouse was developed.
In 1983, the first transgenic plant was introduced to the world in the form of tobacco.
In 1987, the United States had its first field test with genetically modified crops such as tomatoes and tobacco.
In 1990, the United States FDA approved the first food that was genetically modified.
In 1991, genetic therapy on humans was tried and tested.
In 1994, the first transgenic food was released on the market in the form of tomatoes.
In 1997, the first cloned animal, Dolly the sheep, was developed.
In 2001, the first genetically modified human babies were born. The world’s first human clone was also introduced by Advanced Cell Technology, USA.
III. Genetic engineering has served to make many great discoveries in the world, many them are great such as these.The process of genetic engineering can help to fight and prevent diseases. Many diseases in the world are considered to be deadly and appear indestructible, but many of these could be treated through genetic engineering. Some of these genetic problems could be solved if these scientists intervened and programed the genetics of the person so the future generations could become resilient to the disease.
Genetic engineering can cure young or even unborn children from illnesses.
Genetic engineering has the potential to keep us living longer.
Genetic engineering could lead to genetic defects farther down the line.
The nutritional value of foods can be less.
Genetic engineering could cause genetic diversity to become a problem.
The knowledge of genetic engineering could become abused.
harm them, it is used to improve the quality of life. This practice can be overused, genetic engineering can modify humans in the way that we are modifying plants and animals through things like growth. If we performed these things on humans we’d be abusing the technology to do something unethical to the eyes of many. One of these possible examples could be seen through designer babies which is the process of genetically modifying children for non medical reasons, but instead parent preference. They could choose to increase their child’s height, strength, intelligence, etc.
Genetic engineering truly shows benefits for our society allowing us to live better and longer.Genetic engineering has many helpful reasons in why we as a society do it. Gene engineering can help us lead better lives without diseases, we can live longer, and we can produce more foods at a faster growth rate with more helpful effects, expanding our economy.
Genetic engineering can add many good things to the body, but some of those things can considered bad. We could create something we’ve never seen before (possibly creating something worse), we could lower nutritional value in foods, lower genetic diversity if the modified specimen escapes into the wild, and if this technology gets abused many things that we call unethical could be done.
I truly believe that genetic engineering has its place in our society to create good things, but with all of the negative effects and them possibly getting out of hand I have to disagree with the practice. I believe that if this gets into the wrong hands or we create something we didn’t mean to create, it could cause many worse outcomes. I feel that genetic engineering is good and should stay for the use of getting rid of diseases such as muscular dystrophy and types of cancers. I don’t think that genetic engineering is necessary for modifying foods or what they do, this to me can cause problems. Even with the good part of it being the prevention and getting rid of diseases, I still won’t always agree do to the possible risks we might not know of. I don’t disagree with the initial practice, I just don’t trust that the outcomes will always be what we want them to be. To me, I feel it just makes the practice unnecessary.
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