Throughout 1865-2000 a lot of has happened through the different minority groups that are around during that time and during today’s society. I believe the one minority group that has changed the most throughout that time would have to be the african americans. In the start of 1967 that is when reconstructing started happening. A few reconstruction acts were passed, causing confederacy and splitting into five military districts. For example in the book “What is freedom”, it has a story talking about the “The Mississippi Black Code 1965”, “ Andrew Johnson put into effect his own plan of reconstruction establishing procedures. These laws granted the freedpeople certain rights, such as legalized marriage, ownership of property and limited access to the courts. The black codes indicated how the white south would regulate black freedom if given a free hand by federal government.” (Walter Fleming 97). I feel like that was the beginning of start of them getting to start off something positive. From 1869-1870 I feel like that was a big movement, starting off with the first black law school, Howard University established in 1869. In 1870, The fifithteenth admendemt was created giving the blacks the right to vote. In the book there is a story called “ Robert B. Elliott on Civil Rights (1874)”, In January 1874, elliot delivered a celebrated speech in the congress that supported the civil rights act. The measurement outrighted racial discrimination in transportation and places of public accommodation like theaters and hotels.” (Civil Rights speech; Elliot 101). After the blacks had gained after the civil war most of their rights, were taken away.
After that moment I felt like that was a back step from them gaining what they really needed. Once the 1920s is when the Harlem Renaissance was throughout the 1920s-1930s showing their literacy, artistic ways, and intellectual movements. During the great depression, prior to the great depression worked primarily in unskilled jobs. The stock market crashed in 1929, low paying jobs either they disappeared or were filled by whites that needed employment. Over time I feel like it changed for them with in the jobs, because by the end of it their unemployment rate was almost 50 percent. In 1925 was the “Alain Locke The new negro” which was “Migration of blacks from south to the north, it began in large numbers in the world war 1, it was called slumming when groups of whites visited its dance halls, jazz clubs, and speakeasies in search of exotic adventures. It was the rise of growing awareness of interconnections between black americans and persons of african descent elsewhere in the black community that established links to new york’s arctic mainstream. The New Negro, in Locke’s mind, can basically play defense (‘acting as the advance guard of the African peoples’) and play offense (‘the sense of a mission of rehabilitating the race in world esteem’). Both are equally in important in that larger goal of developing the identity of the New Negro. Again in the book there is another story called “W.E.B Du Bois, A negro nation within a nation” In the book it has a story called “African Americans and the four freedoms” “black struggle for equality. Wrote what the negroes want a book of essays by fourteen prominent black leaders. Several of the essays also linked back to black
movement for racial justice with movements against european.” (Wesley 153). After those essays were written and publish I feel like the blacks thought that they got what they wanted to say out of their head and into the books.
The second world war boosted the economic prospects of many african americans war industries created a demand, which many black workers became to fill. Black workers of course faced discrimination during the war, it was only threaten march on washington by labor leader. The war opened oppuritnes for african americans and their eagerness to take advantage of them was a driving force behind the civil rights movement between 1950s and 1960s. I feel like the biggest thing lastly was the integrated in schools and jobs made a big difference, and was the start of something in 1954.
After the act of civil rights act of 1964 happened which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.In subsequent years, Congress expanded the act and passed additional civil rights legislation such as the Voting Rights Act of 1965. After that was a change that the African americans giving them the right to vote, and giving them the rights that everyone has.
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