Urbanization that took place before 500CE had different consequences on human beings and influenced their way of living especially in regard to agriculture. The urbanization resulted to a significant number of people moving to towns especially the Athens where they hoped to get some economic empowerment. The increase in movement resulted to availability of labor that was required for enhancing industrial growth in the society (Mark, 2014). Indeed, through the urbanization, people were able to settle in economic activities such as smith. Therefore, products from metals were developed and this enhanced growth of agriculture sector that relied on such equipment for tilling their lands. Further, through these products the society was able to develop some basic weapons that were necessary to protect them from attack from wild animals (Mark, 2014). Indeed, during this period the conflict between human beings and wild life was a significant and such development improved private protection. Actually, apart from protection, the metal weapons enabled the society to kill some of the animals which they later used as food. Indeed, there was significant increment unavailable food for the society.
Urbanization also helped increase the exposure of people who had gradually lived in their villages where diversity was limited. Through movement to urban areas people interacted with people from other areas and this helped develop a heterogeneous culture in the society (Mark, 2014). The impact was minimization of myths that surrounded some people. The human race was able to appreciate the presence of others and understand that they had a role in building their economy together. Further, through the association, it was easy to learn different things from each other. Some of the people who initially hand no idea about farming were exposed to this information. The resultant was a society that together worked towards a common goal of empowering their generation. Actually, people who moved to the towns helped in bringing peaceful coexistence among different groups of people. A united society was established and this created a platform for development activities that were witnessed during the period.
Further, urbanization opened markets for different products that were produced by people from different parts. Actually, different areas are endowed with varying products and therefore through urbanization such products could be brought together in a common market. Barter trade where individuals exchanged their products with what was required was facilitated during this period (Mendel University, 2012). The impact was established of a mutual society where people supported each other need indirectly through such exchanges. Through the interaction, people were also exposed to new commodities that were unavailable in their areas. Further, the chance for interaction with individuals from different background promoted issues of intermarriages in the society as noted in the Sumerians (Mark, 2014). Therefore, people were able to intermarry and start families with individuals from different races or communities. The impact was a cohesive society and sharing of positive values that promoted the development of the society.
Additionally, urbanization influenced the need for strategic leadership for rhea people. It was identified that people could not progress without having formal leaders among them hot solve different issues. The leaders were based on age and old men in the society played the role of arbitrators in the society. Differences that existed between individuals were taken to the leaders whose deliberations were sought. The leaders were expected to act without buy biased when they determined theca ions against the issues before them by the society (Mark, 2014). Further, the elders acted as the bargainers who unit the society in events when issues that marriages were taking place. They would offer advice to the couples to ensure that they bring out good and responsible families. In events of disagreement in the society the elders would call the people and ask for calmness. Actually, they acted as the pillars of supporting peace in the society. As the old people advanced in age they would select some young people who looked bright and determined in life for training. The training would involve teaching about their cultures bad what is expected of them. Later such individuals would take the leadership from the elderly once they could no longer handle different challenges. However, the choice of the young people was based on recommendation from the society to ensure that biasness was avoided. Therefore, presented individuals were a representation of wishes of the society.
More so, through urbanization informal education was introduced to the people who moved to the towns. The informal learning involved teaching about different things that ranged from culture, responsibilities and challenges in life. It was expected that values of the society would be passed to different generation through such learning. The activity took place during the afternoon when people had finished their chores to ensure that economic activities were not threatened. The elders who mostly carried the teachings understood that people could not use learning as an excuse to avoid taking their daily responsibilities. The teaching also empowered the society to look positively on other people who shared different believes with them (Mark, 2014). The effort was directed towards establishing a cohesive society. Further, learning introduced people to different mechanism they would use to face common enemy. It was emphasized that without uniting as a group the success of the community was threatened. An activity such as use of weapons like arrows was also demonstrated during these sessions. The impact was a society that was all round and would handle unforeseen eventualities and protect them from harm associated with wild animals. The learners were expected to pass what they leant to the next generations. This ensured that such values were preserved.
However, despite the positives that was established through urbanization, there are different limitations associated with the process. Urbanization is associated with increased issues of slavery in the society (Mendel University, 2012). Indeed, people in the urban areas thought that one way to maximize their productivity was to reduce their operational costs. Use of slaves would ensure that the cost of production and related expenses was kept at minimum. Therefore, the poor in the society were exposed to slave labor where they worked without pay. The situation as witnessed with the Romanians was inhuman and denied the individuals a right to live a decent life. Further, the slaves were exposed to harsh environment where they would work for relatively long hours(Mark, 2014).. Battling was also common especially if a slave was identified to work at a slower pace. The harsh environment deteriorated health of some of the people who would eventually die. The practice further separated families where men who were known to be breadwinners were carried as slaves. The resultant is suffering for the wives and children back in the village. Further, slavery impacted negatively on ability of some of the society to procreate resulting to progressive declining of such people.
In addition, urbanization is related to pressure on available resources in the available towns during the time. The sudden movement of significant numbers to towns without expansion of available amenities put pressure on available amenities (Mark, 2014). Therefore, issues such as accessing of products such as clean water were a problem. The impact was a society that survived merely on limited resources. Issues of diseases were also common due to the reduced hygiene as a result of inadequate water and social amenities (Mendel University, 2012). Further, the high population in the towns put pressure on the available medicine men that were available to treat the sick in the society. Therefore, a significant number of people would die due to limited access to traditional medication. The congestion was also related to increased criminal activities in some of the urban centers as people struggled to survive. Some individuals resulted to issues such stealing to support their demands in the town. The impact was insecurity in the urban areas and posed people to constant hurt as some thieves tried o steal from them. The impact was a society that survived on fear and this limited the productivity of a section of the society.
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