Industrial Revolution evolved in Britain in the 18th century, mass production, factories, and steam engines started to take place. Industrial Revolution changed Britains society forever because everything had changed. British industries were small workshops, and everything was made by hand. Britain was dependent on India for cotton however after the Industrial Revolution they can take raw cotton and made the thread themselves and England became the center for that. Soon After the Industrial Revolution moved beyond Britain to United States because of a man named Samuel Slater known as the father of the American Industry.
According to the article McNeese, T. (2017). In 1789, 21-year-old Slater was a manager at the Cromford Mill. That same year, he read an advertisement placed by the Pennsylvania assembly in a local paper in Derby. The ad was a recruiting call for Englishmen who had the skills to build textile-producing machinery, to immigrate to the States.
Any such skilled individual was promised a cash reward. At that time, advanced English textile technology was kept under legal lock and key, with laws declaring it illegal for any such individual to immigrate out of Great Britain. Any such textile expert who tried could be imprisoned. Slater was intrigued and enticed by the Pennsylvania legislature’s offer. Soon, he began memorizing the mechanics of the mill where he worked, making furtive sketches and drawings at home.
Arkwright’s ideas were going to America. By September 1789, Slater was on his way to London where he bought his passage on a ship bound for the U.S., putting down on his application for immigrating that he was a “farm boy,” not a long-time textile machinist. His “disguise” was simple he simply donned the clothes of a country farmer.
Here was young Slater, taking an alias, smuggling himself out of his native country, to gain advantages for a new life of textile-making in America. Samuel Slater successfully brought Industry to the United States. Samuel Slaters mill was successful and provided labor for more than 100 children and adult managers and overseers in America. Americans were leaving their farm and moving to the urban areas where they would work in factories. United States went from being agrarian society to being Industrialized urban society.
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