Employment in India

Unemployment happens when a character who is actively searching for employment is unable to locate work. In this research, I will discuss unemployment in India, but first I will discuss unemployment in three different countries: South Africa, Qatar, and turkey

To begin with, South Africa’s Unemployment Rate increased to 29.10 % in Sep 2019, from the previously reported number of 29.00 % in Jun 2019. South Africa’s Unemployment Rate is updated quarterly, available from Mar 2008 to Sep 2019, with an average rate of 25.20 %. The data reached an all-time high of 29.10 % in Sep 2019 21.50 % The data is reported by Statistics South Africa. (CEIC, N.D)

On the other hand, the Unemployment Rate in Qatar remained unchanged at 0.10 percent in the second quarter of 2019 from 0.10 percent in the first quarter of 2019. (trending economics, 2020)

Turkey’s Unemployment Rate dropped to 13.20 % in Nov 2019, from the previously reported number of 13.50 % in Oct 2019. Turkey’s Unemployment Rate is updated monthly, available from Jan 2005 to Nov 2019, with an average rate of 9.90 %. The data reached an all-time high of 14.20 % in Jul 2019 and a record low of 8.00 % in Jun 2012. The data is reported by the Turkish Statistical Institute. (CIEC, n.d)

Out of all these countries I chose to research unemployment in India as I think that it is worth discussion and attention because I mostly see many people from India coming to Oman to work which means that there are not enough jobs in their country. According to data from the country’s National Centre for Statistics and Information (NCSI), there are 662,360 Indian workers in the country, making it the largest ex-pat community in Oman. Of them, 48,223 are women and 614,137 are men. (Times News Service, 2019)

Causes

Caste System: In India the caste system is prevalent. The work is prohibited for specific castes in some areas. In many cases, the work is not given to the deserving candidates but given to the person belonging to a particular community. So this gives rise to unemployment. (Mehta, n.d)

A constant increase in population.

Agriculture is underdeveloped in India. It provides seasonal employment. A large part of the population is dependent on agriculture. But agriculture being seasonal provides work for a few months. So this gives rise to unemployment. (Mehta, n.d)

Slow economic growth: Because the Indian economy is relatively underdeveloped, economic growth is considerably slower than it might otherwise be. This means that as the population increases, the economy cannot keep up with demands for employment and an increasing share of people are unable to find work. The result is insufficient levels of employment nationwide (Agarwal, 2020).

Job outsourcing. That is when a company moves its manufacturing or call centers to another country. Labor costs are cheaper in countries with a lower cost of living. (Amadeo, 2019)

Effects/consequences

The main effect of unemployment is that It hindered national unity. The caste system, which is one of the causes of unemployment developed a parochial feeling and made the people unduly conscious of their castes. Many a time caste interests were given priority over national interest. Thus the whole system stood against the very concept of national unity (Nisha, n.d).

unemployment tends to increase population growth. The main factor in this is a tendency for groups with lower education to have higher birth rates. On the flip side,rapid population growth causes unemployment to rise because there are more and more people and not enough jobs to be filled by everyone. (EMMERICH, n.d)

Another effect of unemployment, Young people after a long time of unemployment find the wrong way to earn money or they may accept alcohol or drugs To get rid of the unemployment stress. (VISWANATHAN, 2016)

Solutions

1. Make a limit for the population growth

2. Reduce expenditure on non-productive government schemes and use such money for long term creation of assets for country. (Singh, 2016)

3. Improve the quality of the education.

CONCLUSION

This research made it clear to me that unemployment is a serious problem in India. It might expand to future generations if the government and the private sector don’t intervene. It is clear that the Caste System, increase in population and depending on agriculture are the main causes of unemployment in India. Carrying out this research made me understand that has led to hindered national unity, population growth and finding the wrong way to earn money are all the effects of unemployment. My eyes were finally opened to the truth that how Indians are suffering to get jobs. 

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