People with Down Syndrome have been treated very differently, people with Down Syndrome are being treated differently and taunted for their bodily features, many people have been put to death, and people with have been named “”Mongolians””. About one in every 700 babies born has Down Syndrome and that is out of 32,819,00 people worldwide. These people have different features and people will look at them as if they are from another planet.
In 1886, Victorian physician, Dr. John Langdon Down, is best remembered for identifying a specific group of patients whom had similar characteristics. They had upward slanting eyes, flattening of the back of the head and they could hardly control their tongues. Nobody had identified this special group before, and over the next twenty years, the word Mongolian was used to describe people that we would now call people with Down’s syndrome. In 1961, nineteen renowned experts, including his grandson Norman, wrote jointly to the Lancet suggesting the name should be changed to Down’s syndrome. At the request of the Republic of Mongolia, the World Health Organization adopted the recommendation in 1965 and Down’s Syndrome was then to become a universally accepted descriptive term. Normansfield in Teddington, was the home and institution. Down and his family developed an enlightened approach was developed to care for people with learning disabilities.
Many people have Down Syndrome and yet, sometimes, they are not treated like real people. They are put in different classes because of their looks and features. Some people with Down Syndrome need a special teacher or a different learning environment. Any people have body disabilities, and some will have facial differences. Some of these differences include a flattened face, small head, short neck, protruding tongue, upward slanting eyelids, unusually shaped or small ears, poor muscle tone, broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm, relatively short fingers and small hands and feet, excessive flexibility, tiny white spots on the iris also known as Brushfield’s spots, and short height.
Human cells usually have twenty-three pairs of chromosomes. People with Down Syndrome have only twenty-one chromosomes. Anyone of three genetic variations can cause Down Syndrome. Trisomy Twenty-one is the most common version of Down Syndrome, Mosaic Down Syndrome in this from of Down Syndrome, a person cells with an extra copy of chromosome twenty-one (the smallest human chromosome), and Translocation Down Syndrome can occur when a portion of chromosome twenty-one becomes translocated onto another chromosome, before or at conception.
People with Down Syndrome can have an array of complexity, some of which became more eye-catching as the person gets older. About half the children with Down Syndrome are born with some type of congenital heart defect. These heart problems can be life-threatening and may require surgery in early infancy. Gastrointestinal abnormalities occur in some children with Down Syndrome and may include abnormalities of the intestines, esophagus, trachea, and anus. The risk of developing digestive problems, such as GI blockage, heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux) or celiac disease, may be increased. Because of abnormalities in their immune systems, people with Down Syndrome are at increased risk of developing autoimmune disorders, some forms of cancer, and infectious diseases, such as pneumonia. Because of soft tissue and skeletal changes that lead to the obstruction of their airways, children and adults with Down Syndrome are at greater risk of obstructive sleep apnea. People with Down Syndrome have a greater tendency to be obese compared with the general population. Some people with Down Syndrome may have a misalignment of the top two vertebrae in the neck. This condition puts them at risk of serious injury to the spinal cord from overextension of the neck. Children with Down Syndrome have an increased risk of leukemia. People with Down Syndrome have a greatly increased risk of dementia ” signs and symptoms may begin around age of fifty. Also, having Down Syndrome also increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Down Syndrome may also be associated with other health conditions, including endocrine problems, dental problems, seizures, ear infections, and hearing and vision problems.
People with Down Syndrome have been treated very differently, people with Down Syndrome are being treated differently and taunted for their bodily features, many people have been put to death, and people with have been known as “”Mongolians””. There are many complications and symptoms, and people should be treated with fairness and compassion. People still might not realize what people with Down Syndrome can do.
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