One of the most destructive wars in human history World war I was in the late 19th century early 20th century, the capitalist countries to its ultimate stage, namely the imperialist transition which is caused by a wide range of irreconcilable contradictions, Asia, Africa, Latin American colonial is basically to dismember, both old and new colonialism and imperialism economic development imbalance, order under the background of unequal division, to carve up the world and for the global hegemony and the outbreak of a world imperialist war.
The war was one of the most destructive in European history. About 65 million people went to war, more than 10 million were killed and 20 million wounded. The war caused heavy economic losses. This war brought grave disaster to mankind, but objectively promoted the development of science and technology. In the World War I, various new weapons such as aircraft, poison gas, tanks and long-range artillery were successively put into war, which was an important stage in the development history of weapons.
The contradiction between France and Germany is very sharp. France, defeated in the Franco-Prussian War, lost its dominant position in Western and Central Europe, and all classes in the country unanimously demanded revenge. In order to prevent France from recovering, Germany greatly expanded its armament. The contradiction between Russia and Austria is manifested in the struggle for the Balkans. Over the years, under the banner of greater Slavic doctrine, Russia has expanded to the Slavic areas in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, and the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, which is located in Central Europe, is also expanding to the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. They feared that the Slavs under their own rule would become independent from the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Proceeding from its traditional foreign policy, Britain endeavoured to maintain the balance of power on the European continent. It did not want Germany to be too strong or Russia to expand too much in the Balkans. With the aggravation of the conflict on the colonial issue, the contradiction between England and Germany began to intensify and gradually became the principal contradiction between the imperialist countries.
World War I lasted more than four years, more than 30 countries, 1.5 billion people were involved in the war, it caused great material and spiritual damage to mankind. The great result of the first World War was that it seriously weakened the imperialist forces and destroyed the Russian Empire, a Christian Orthodox country located in the eastern part of Europe, and the Protestant German Empire, a Protestant Christian country in the middle of Europe. The ancient feudal empires of Europe, such as the Protestant Catholic dualistic monarchy, Austro-Hungary, located in central Europe and the northwestern Balkans, Britain, France, Italy, and other imperialist countries have been weakened, and Islam, which once straddled the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa, has been weakened. The Ottoman Empire, which taught feudal military empires, also broke up. In the latter part of the war, the Russian proletariat, located in the eastern border of Europe, opened a weak link in the imperialist chain and won the victory of Russia’s October socialist revolution. The proletarian revolutionary movement in capitalist countries and the national liberation movement in Asia, Africa and Latin America have seen a new upsurge.
The first World War was a war between unjust imperialists, which brought heavy disasters to the peoples of the world, and at the same time brought great advances in science and technology, the politics, economy and science and technology of all countries. Cultural and military aspects have been greatly strengthened, and World War I has accelerated the realization of human rights.
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