According to the article “Making Friends in Violent Neighborhood: Strategies among Elementary School Children” By Anjanette M. Chan Tack and Mario L. Small.
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March 15, 2017, Sociological Science in the article the problem is that certain researcher is trying to study that they are trying to examine the friendships among children and the violent behavior. Researcher are trying to examine the friendships with other children’s where other children were observed. Children in violent neighborhood approach friendship cautiously, with a goal of staying safe while many studies have examined friendship formation among students. Young people tend to react to violence as a way to keep themselves from getting the target that is why many children join gangs for protection. In the neighborhood, the conditions can affect the children because of the poverty and the conditions in the neighborhood. In the previous research in the neighborhood violence is a way to have the youngster to have a friendship from the network that says that forming relationships with other peers can provide protection for people that live in a violent neighborhood. Many of the students are seeking for protection, avoidance, and testing our ability to connect with other students that can keep them safe. Some children plan to befriend other children who can provide protection for them, that is why children avoid making friends.
The relationship students form can help us learn that during our childhood we can shape other people’s ability to maintain a stable relationship as we grow up as adults.Many of the students said things about the serious violence going on because people are killed because of neighborhood violence. In the neighborhood it is a risk because in the article it shows that’s neighborhood are found risk a lot of times “In 2016, Chicago, the site of our study, experienced 750 murders, the largest number since 1997 (Bostman and Smith 2016). Violent crime rates in Chicago have been persistently high for some time. An earlier survey of more than 500 children in three elementary schools on Chicago’s South Side found that 26 percent of elementary school children had witnessed a shooting, 30 percent had witnessed a stabbing, and 78 percent had witnessed a beating”, (Tack And Small 225). People who were previously in bad neighborhoods are cautious to see if they are able to go outside without being killed or anything like that. The bad things in violent neighborhoods are that there are many gangs and people in gangs will start killing each other because you would hear the gunshot around your house. Violence is a way to understand friendships with others. Even in the neighborhood, you will get involved with fights. Students that are not in gangs are told to joined gangs with others, and then they would tell you to make you do drugs and all kinds of things in neighborhoods in the ends they would end up fighting.
The kind of issue that is being investigated is how the neighborhoods are like. In a middle school sixth, seventh, and eighth graders of 2 Chicago schools mentioned that in the community’s friendship that includes a lot of strategies that include that many children are looking for friendship for protection, friends who help avoid violence, even testing their friends to see if there are trustworthy enough. In the neighborhood violence is a way to get involved with having fewer friends. a Researcher found that children who react to a threat of violence will form a friendship plan because there are many kinds of risk that are going on such as the risk of getting hurt in a physical confrontation(Fights) and the risk of getting into a confrontation (getting involved). During the interview, the children said that they need to be social active with friends, form friendship with other children. They needed other children to get involved with a broken relationship, how they would maintain a friendship with other. And Many children that were interviewed used a plan to figure out whether or not to form a friendship.The author believes neighborhood violence will be related to having few friends of a group of adolescents. So many of these children believe if there get to close enough they would get hurt. People would even be bully so other starts to stick together and even they would create gangs together to be on the safer side. They were testing if I am watching people close enough to see before becoming friends with them because when you let them in, later on when you get to know a person you’ll find out their reals side and their real color and you don’t know when they would stab you in the back. Students would watch other to see their action are so they would look at you for a long time. They would decide which friend they would hang out with or not.
Through one of the story, Alice is very cautious “Alice watched her potential friends carefully “to see if they are true friends or would they go behind your back, stoop low, and to see whether they tell stuff about you that’s not true. I’d be testing people. I’d tell somebody something that’s not true, but then if somebody else hears what I told that person, I know that they’re not a true friend.”(Tack and Small 237). Sandra had developed her wariness towards her peers through close observation. The researcher would investigate the relationship between schools and how students would form a connection with another student. While the study was going on researcher would observe how the student would interact with other students as they walk in the school or as they walk down the block or take a bus and the interaction the students have with others. In the study, Goodwin and Brown’s Middle school were involved with the study.
Many of story talks about the violent neighborhood where many of the people are scared because of the violence. In this case, the participant was told that they were doing a study on how students are making friends and how they pick those friends to be friends by doing the interviews they were paid to do if they didn’t want to answer specific question they would get rid of the interview. The researcher who was in charge made a relationship with the school staff in the summer before conducting the study because they wanted to recruit the students, parents, homeroom teacher and they even made an announcement about it so that they would have the chance to have the student to participate in the study and even parents. According to the article “During the study period, Brown experienced more than 1,300 assaults, 1,400 battery, and 190 weapons incidents per year per 100,000 persons; Goodwin experienced more than 380 assaults and 380 battery incidents per year per 100,000 persons.”(Tack and Small 231). In the study, Goodwin and brown middle school were taking part in the study.
Many of the students are scared because of the violence they hear about the stories of the violent neighborhoods. Many of the students were the ages of 11 to 15 and were the average of age of 13. Homeroom teacher in the sixth, seventh, and eighth graders gave the researcher to describe what the study was about and to invite the students. “students seemed bored, distracted, or unforthcoming during the interview. Three of these were eighth-grade boys who were performing poorly academically and had reputations for being involved in gangs. The fourth was a sixth-grade boy who was on the autism spectrum. ( Tack and Small 229-230). The kind of technique that was used was by getting close to the students and teachers during free times researcher would get closer to everybody by getting having conversation and by getting comfortable with the researcher. The data that told us that “based on representative data, estimated a national juvenile gang membership rate of only 2 percent in 2010. Moreover, because much gang research focuses on delinquent behavior and on older, adolescent males, it has shed less light on how younger, nondelinquent adolescent boys and girls make friends in response to violent neighborhoods” (Tack And Small 225).
The data that told us was a report of the National Intuition of justice and was in fact found by Pyrooz and Sweeten.Overall, the study was to understand the friendships students have by interacting with others and the violent behavior they have. We need the agreement to try to acknowledge the circumstances, reaction to the experiment, decision because based on the study the interview was to understand how the decision making because it is to understand the approach of the network of the entire school such as interaction. And Individuals must make decisions to engage others in friendship for a friendship to form, and focusing on how children make those decisions or how they change it. I believe that the study told us how violent the neighborhood is and how students make friends. In the study they could have put some students in the same room and see if they would interact with each other or if they were left in the room alone what would they have done with interacting would they stay quiet or not say anything or get to know the other students.
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