Due to the advance of youth development age and impact of frequent acceptance of the violence culture. The violence behavior carried by the minor under age 18 gradually increased which not only affects the victims but also jeopardizes the community. Therefore, the issues and debate around the how to punish the juvenile was been bring up again.
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Should they be treated as an adult and sentenced to life in prison if they committed murder? My answer is no. The first juvenile court established in Cook County by 1899 and further spread led the formation of a juvenile justice system. Which shows the whole world paid close attention to juvenile crime and had noticed the essential difference between the adult and juvenile crime. Here are three difference between juvenile and adult crime we should take into count when dealing with the juvenile case – brain, rehabilitation ability, and surrounding influence.
First, the juvenile is in a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. In this period, they enter the social world little by little. Because of their immature view of life, values and the world, they are easy to be affected by the circumstances and follow some bad examples. Compared with an adult, juvenile crime shows an obvious feature of passive and occasional. The jurors, by returning a verdict of second-degree murder instead of first, indicated that they believe Brazill’s actions, while not accidental, were not fully thought out, either. Although, taking the effects of misconduct and its motivation into consideration is crucial for ensuring the justice of the law. There should not be tolerant punishment for all youth crime. For example, homicide will inevitably distress the sufferers and endanger the society. Conversely, relatively tough punishment for hardened criminals will not only embody the justice of law but also exert a deterrent effect on those potential malefactors.
Second, the mind of the juvenile is quite plastic which makes them easier to reform than the adult. After the punishment they will realize their fault and build a right outlook, thus will contribute to our socialist modernization and a more harmonious and stable society. Such change is the goal of the punishment. Children and young adolescents are developmentally different from adults and are therefore more amenable to rehabilitation. The juvenile is the future of our country, the hope of our nation, and the successor of our modernization construction. Their quality is related to the country’s development. Instead of pushing them to the opposite side against us, we should save them, educate them and reform the
Third, the reason for juvenile crime is not only the juvenile themselves but also the lack of supervision of families, schools and the social. For example, the medium today is excessive propagate erotica and violence, which set a bad model to the juvenile. Conecquencyly, immature and inexperienced are some youngsters that they tend to blindly imitate wh they have seen, especially when they expose to pornographic movies and violent online games. In this sense, their cause of committing crimes can be owed to the negative influence of the mass media. The Inuit people of northern Canada had no juvenile crime at all until 1980 and the introduction of television into their culture.
Nobody is an innate perpetrator, during the journey of life, those who are in the formative years are sometimes derailed by manifold causes such the negative influence of negative mass media, the disadvantaged family background or external factors. In this sense, the strict penalty for the first offenders, unintentional lawbreakers is far from rational, especially when taking the teenagers’ immature mentality into account. Nevertheless, these factors cannot be an excuse for juvenile offenders to escape legal sanctions. Virtually, the appropriate punishment is commendable, let those teen deliberate murder be imprisoned for several years can be reasonable measures.
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