Born on August 29,1632 in Wrington, England, John Locke impacted political philosophy to present day. Died on October 28,1704 in England. He not only did he influence the way that the government works but he was very well known for his. Locke was also known as founder of a school of British Empiricism because he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. His family was sympathetic to Puritanism but still remain with the Church of England.
As a young adult, John Locke received an Oxford University scholarship where he can earn a bachelor’s degree without any financial burdens. He was interested in medicine. He study medicine in his spare time then he became a medical doctor. He was friends with Robert Boyle and other people when he was in that field. John Locke also made important contributions in the theory of knowledge with his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and he contributed significantly to theories on education through his essay Some Thoughts on Education. One of Locke’s ideas was that humans are born with minds that are a “blank slate”. Locke believed all humans are capable of rationality and the ability to reason, and this led to his belief that individuals can and should control the government. Locke proposed that civil society should be grounded in “a social contract signed by free and equal men rather than in a patriarchal theory that conferred divine-right grace on any sitting monarch”.
John Locke was introduced to Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper in 1666. Ashley was pleased with John Locke for their first time meeting from that year. Ashley told John to come to London with him in the household of Exeter House.Anthony Ashley Cooper stood for constitutional monarchy, a protestant succession, and civil liberty. By 1668 John had became a fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1675 Locke went to France for several years. Once he return to England only a for a few years. The political has changed so much when John was in France for years. Around that time John made his most famous political work (The Two Treatises Concerning Government ). Even though is was still not publish 1689. Later John Locke came to be seen, alongside his friend Newton, as an embodiment of Enlightenment values and ideals. Newtonian science lay bare on working on nature and lead to important technological advances. Voltaire played an instrumental role in making this legacy for John Locke and worked hard to publicize Locke’s views on reason, toleration, and limited government. Locke also came to be seen as an inspiration for the Deist movement. John Locke is often recognized as the founder of British Empiricism and John Locke laid the foundation for much of English-language philosophy in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Years Later John Locke devoted his attention to theology. John Locke major work was The Reasonableness of Christianity which was published in 1695. John Locke fought against for a highly ecumenical form of Christianity. But after time, John Locke was closer to his death time. John Locke wrote a work on the Pauline Epistles which was unfinished but published posthumously. John Locke suffered from health problems most of his adult life. He had respiratory ailments but then he went to London where the air quality was very poor. His health took a turn for the worse in 1704 .He died on 28 October 1704, while Damaris Masham was reading him the Psalms. He was buried at High Laver. He wrote his own epitaph which was both humble and forthright.
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