Isaac Newton, born on Christmas day 1642, was a physicist and mathematician who lived in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, who developed the principles of modern physics, including the laws of motion and gravity, he is credited as one of the greatest minds of the 17th century Scientific Revolution. What he is best known for in physics is, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, helped him come to his formulation of the Law of Gravity. In mathematics, he was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus.
As a child Isaac didn’t really have a mom and dad. His dad died two months before his birth, and right after he turned three years old his mother remarried, moved away, and put him in the care of his grandmother. After a basic education in local schools, at the age of twelve he was sent to the king’s school in Grantham, England where he lived with a pharmacist named Clark. Newton became very interested in Clarks work. He always used Clarks chemical library and laboratory, and built mechanical devices like floating lanterns, sundials, and even a windmill run by live mice. After Isaacs stepfather died his mother moved back to Woolsthorpe, and pulled Isaac out of school to help run the family farm. After realizing farming was not what he wanted to do, at the age of nineteen he enrolled into Trinity college, Cambridge, England, then in 1665, when he got his bachelor’s degree, he decided to stay and get his masters, but an outbreak of the plague caused the university to close, so Newton went back to Woolsthorpe, and starting performing basic experiments for his new theory on gravity.
During his lifetime Newton got a lot of honors and awards for his achievements, some of them being, top mathematics professor at Cambridge University to even being admitted to the Royal society in 1672. The physicist was elected the group’s president in 1703, and each year thereafter, until his death in London, 1727. The Royal Society is an academy of scientists started in the 1660s by King Charles II. Thanks to Newton’s political connections, he was elected to Parliament twice from the University of Cambridge in 1689 and 1701. Another one of Newton’s huge achievements was being only the second scientist in the world to be knighted. As leader of the Royal Society, Newton exercised his powers to punish counterfeiters and in 1717 in the Law of Queen Anne he moved the Pound Sterling from the silver standard to the gold standard. In 1705, Newton was knighted by Queen Anne. Sir Isaac Newton was the second scientist to be knighted, after Sir Francis Bacon.
So in conclusion Sir isaac Newton was a man whos impact on science and mathematics was impressive. He is responsible for the theory of gravity which states that that every mass attracts every other mass in the universe, and the the gravitational force between two bodies is proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. He is also responsible for tools still used today like the reflecting telescopes which lead to better. more clear images and a cheaper to build design.These innovations and proposed theories are considered to be the bases of scientific thought and are still important now as they were back then.
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