In the Brown Vs. the board of education case had a big impact on many other similar cases as Mr. Brown’s and on history itself. This case cased many people to see that the separation between educations was useless and did not help the children’s education. It also did not help the racism going on at the time. In the 1950’s, public places were segregated. There were black school were only colored kids went. Then there were white schools were white children went. Many white schools were offended close to the neighborhoods and communities were children of color stayed. But back then, African American’s were not allowed to go to a white school or even attend any school with the white children. Many African American children had to walk far distances to get to school. Some walked miles and miles, even all the way across town just to get to school. Many African American parents worried about their children’s safety getting to school. For such young innocent little boys and girls to have walk across rail road switch-yards and mile’s and mile’s through town to get to their school. Parents like Linda Brown knew that this wasn’t right and needed to change the School board system operated. In Topeka Kansas, a little African American 3rd grade girl had to walk very far to get to her school. Her father knew things should change and went to court with many other black parents about the way the U.S District court was segregated.
This kicked off a change in African American history. This started a dramatic change in the world. This started with Linda and Olivier Brown. Oliver Leon Brown was born in 1618, in Spring-field Montana. He had a pretty typical childhood as an African American boy. Oliver Brown grew up a fine young man and made a living as a minister at St. Marks A.M.E and a railroad welder in Topeka Kansas. He was the provider for his beautiful wife and three daughters, Darlene, Cheryl, and Linda. Oliver wanted the best education and future possible for his daughters. All his children were enrolled in a school, even his 8 year old daughter Linda. Linda Oliver was going to Monroe elementary, an all-black. To get there, Linda had to take a 5 mile bus drive and travel through an unsafe rail road yard to get to her school, Monroe elementary. Oliver Brown didn’t want his little girl to make such dangerous, long, and exhausting journey every morning to school. So, being that’s another elementary school just 7 blocks away, Oliver tried to register Linda in that school, Sumner elementary school, which happens to be an all-white school. But the principal of Sumner elementary refused to let a colored student attend there school. After the principal refused, Oliver went to of the NAACP a.k.a National Association for the advancement of colored people, which was McKinley Burnett and asked for assistance. The NAACP was more the glad to help Mr. Brown. On 1951, 12 other African American parents who were denied there child into a white school’s, joined in to help Mr. Brown and the NAACP start an inference in the segregation of schools. Out of all the families now involved in the interference, Mr. Brown was chosen as the lead plaintiff being the only male. During this time, Mr. Brown was only 32 years old. Now that Mr. Brown had similar, case.
When this case was taken to state level, it sadly lost the case. They referred to the Plessy vs. Ferguson case. That case had allowed had allowed the separation between black and white. The Plessy Vs. Ferguson case stated that the separation was not violating any law or amendment. The state was allowing the separation because they said It will better preparing the children for when they get later treated like this when there grown up.” During this time, African American weren’t allowed to eat in the same restaurants, drink from the same water fountains, or even ride in the same car train as white people. After losing the state case, Oliver and the NAACP didn’t stop there. They took it to the next level. Oliver Brown and the NAACP took the whole case a step further. Determined to make a change in the segregation of the school board system. Mr. Brown and the NAACP went to the untied-states supreme court! They had first appealed in the supreme court in October, 1951. By this time, there were similar case’s like Oliver’s. Some case’s started from Delaware, Virginia, and south Carolina.
The supreme court , first heard from the lawyers December 9, 1952. Both sides argued there point. Brown’s lawyers argued that there shouldn’t be a segregation in the education unless there was proof that black children were different from anyone else. The board Of Education’s lawyer argued that many people including some blacks scholars, did not see a problem in attending a all black school. The arguments went on for three days. The supreme court talked over several months about the case. While the supreme court was asking both lawyers questions about the case, one of the supreme justices died and had to be replaced. A year after the first arguments where heard, the case was stated once again. Three long years passed until the case was finally closed in May 17th, 1954. The case closed with finally favor of Linda Brown and the other African American children!! The supreme court said it not fair that the black and white children were segregated in different schools. the votes were 9 to 0. Mr. Brown and the NAACP had won the case ! They changed African American history. It took some school’s many year’ s to put all the students together in the same school ‘s and have them all treated fairly. Some people were still prejudice against the blacks. That still didn’t change the fact that Oliver, the NAACP, and Linda Brown forever changed the world. The purpose of the supreme court case Brown Vs. Board of Education, was to challenge the segregation of public schools. The segregation of public schools separated African American students and white students , which led to them attending different public schools. African American students and their parents argued that segregation was unconstitutional and a violation of the 14th amendment.
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