Discussion on Brown V Board of Education of Topeka

Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

Linda Brown an African American that wanted to go to an all white school in Topeka, Kansas. The board of education refused to let her come to the all white school. This case took place in Topeka, Kansas in 1954. The fourteenth amendment which is equal protection clause was broken. This court case was sent to Supreme Court by random vote. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling. In his decision, Warren explained that since the Court would  look instead to the effect of segregation itself on public education. The Supreme Court said that it was a violation of the fourteenth amendment. The Court found the practice of segregation not allowed.

Although the Declaration of Independence stated that “All men are created equal but really there not in this situation. African American children had been denied to go to all white schools while their schools lacked up to date textbooks and other supplies.. African Americans were always being treated differently. Court prevented a school board from spending money on a white high school.

Education is the most important part of state and local governments. Brown represents a collection of four cases all dealing with segregation of African American children.  The ruling constitutionally brought laws barring African Americans from sharing the same buses, schools and other public facilities. This was known as Jim Crow established the separate but equal. The Court had said that in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone. To support this the huge impact of segregation, Warren quoted the finding of a lower court, even though the lower court ruled against African American children.

The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the African American group. It affects the motivation for a child to learn. Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has the tendency to the education and mental development of African American children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racially integrated school system. On this basis the court concluded that in the field of public education the belief of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are existing unequal. Therefore, we hold the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, lack of the equal protection of the law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.

This disposition makes unnecessary any discussion whether such segregation also violates the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. United State Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. Supreme Court struck down racially segregated schools. In a follow up to the Brown case, in 1955 Court ordered that the integration of the public schools was to go forward  with all deliberate speed.In conclusion, this case paved the way for African American children and their opportunities to an equal education.

Landmark

  • Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court. Brown v. Board of Education | Www.streetlaw.org, 2012, https://landmarkcases.org/en/landmark/cases/brown_v_board_of_education
  • Court, United States. History – Brown v. Board of Education Re-Enactment. United States Courts, United States Courts, 20 Mar. 2018, www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment.
  • “Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1).” Oyez, 21 Mar. 2018, www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1955/347us483.
  • Macmillian, etal. Supreme Court Case Studies. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2003.Brown v. Board. Welcome to Thurgood Mashall Center Trust, 1954, tmcsh.org/brown-v-board-of-education/.
  • Brown v. Board of Education. LII / Legal Information Institute, 1954, www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/347/483. History – Brown v. Board of Education Re-Enactment. United States Courts, 1955, www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment.
  • PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, 1954, www.pbs.org/jefferson/enlight/brown.htm. Linda Brown of Brown v. Board of Education Dies. The Chicago Defender, 27 Mar. 2018, chicagodefender.com/2018/03/27/linda-brown-of-brown-v-board-of-education-dies/.
  • User, Super. Brown Et Al. v Board of Education of Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas Et Al. Famous Trials, 1954, famous-trials.com/brownvtopeka/658-brownhuxman.
  • Duignan, Brian. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclop?¦dia Britannica, Inc., 6 Apr. 2018, www.britannica.com/event/Brown-v-Board-of-Education-of-Topeka. Brown v Board of Education of Topeka,Kansas
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