How Volcanoes are Formed?

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. The highest active volcano is Ojos del Salado. This volcano is located in South America.

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The effects of The volcano erupting are stuff getting burnt down and a lot of people dying because of the lava. Hawaii is one of the places to have a known volcano to erupt. Hawaii and the other islands are old/new volcanos. Some stopped erupting due to not enough pressure. Kilauea is one of the most active volcanoes since 1983

Volcanoes are known to kill 92,000 people every time they erupt. Volcanoes are like mountains but with lava exploding out. Lava is hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. Lava can get to temperatures of 700 to 1200?°c. In an eruption gas and rock shoot up through the opening and spill over or fill the air with lava fragments. The danger area around a volcano covers 20-miles. An erupting volcano can cause tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mudflows, and rockfalls. The volcano is a part of mature just like the trees and mountains. Volcanoes are just mountains with holes and lava gushing out the top. There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world. More than half of these volcanoes are part of the “”Ring of Fire,”” a region that encircles the Pacific Ocean. A dormant volcano has the potential to erupt again, it just hasn’t erupted recently. The volcanoes can erupt at any time. The tallest volcano is not on the earth Olympus Mons on Mars is a giant shield volcano that rises to an elevation of 27 km, and it measures 550 km across.

While most volcanoes form near tectonic boundaries, they can also form in areas that contain abnormally hot rock inside the Earth. Large volcanic eruptions can reflect radiation from the Sun and drop average temperatures on Earth by around half a degree. There have been several examples of this over the last 10 years. Volcanoes are just pieces of rock dirt and minerals. Volcanoes are all different shapes and the shape depends on what the magma is made of and how it erupts out the earth. Magma is the liquid rock inside a volcano when it leaves the volcano it is then known as lava.

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