Dolly the Sheep was cloned on July 5, 1993, and she died on February 14, 2003. The normal lifespan of a sheep is 12 years. Dolly did not even live 7. How does this make you feel? What if Dolly was a human? Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism (Rugnetta). One day, a human clone will most likely be born into this world. However, cloning is awful and should stay illegal because it is dangerous, it is unethical, and it is unnecessary.
First of all, cloning is unacceptable because it is dangerous. About 99% of clones die in the womb and the ones that don’t often suffer genetic abnormalities that worsen the quality of their whole life (Sample). Also, researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute found that clones have an, …increase in birth size and a variety of defects in vital organs, such as the liver, brain, and heart (NHGRI). Is it really okay to bring more people into this world that have a predisposition to having to suffer their whole lives just because some humans think it would be cool? Second, cloning should stay illegal because it is unethical. Even though everyone on this planet has different definitions of what is moral and what is not, most people can agree that cloning humans, at least, is immoral. According to the Journal of Medical Ethics, Children still die of leukemia and other diseases because there are no appropriate tissues for transplantation, (Williamson 97). If there are more people coming into this world, some of whom may need more medical attention because cloning hasn’t been perfected yet, who’s to say how many children could die waiting for transplants because clones need them. If it is okay with you to let children die unnecessarily so that our society can have cloning, then fine. But that just does not sit right with me.
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Finally, cloning is awful because it is unnecessary. As of 2016, the human population was growing by 83 million a year (Worldometer). Is it really necessary to bring even more people into this world? About 795 million, or about 1 in 9, people in the world do not have enough food to live a healthy life (Food Aid Foundation). While most of these people live in developing countries, there 40 million people in the United States that are hungry (Feeding America). Feeding all of the hungry children in the world would cost 3.2 billion a year (WFP). This may sound like a lot, but cloning research can cost a lot of money too, between buying supplies and paying the test subjects (Herper). If this money was instead spent on feeding the children, our future could be way better than it is right now. To summarize, cloning is awful and needs to stay illegal. Many of them die in the womb or suffer from disabilities because it is dangerous. Cloning is unethical since it can cause already living children to die, and it is unnecessary because the human population is growing incredibly fast as it is. Humans should just mind their business and leave nature the way it is. Haven’t we already done enough to hurt it?
Cloning Fact Sheet. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), www.genome.gov/25020028/cloning-fact-sheet/#al-11. Sample, Ian. Why Is It Dangerous to Clone Humans? The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 22 Jan. 2004, www.theguardian.com/news/2004/jan/22/thisweekssciencequestions.
Current World Population. United Arab Emirates Population (2018) – Worldometers, www.worldometers.info/world-population/. Briefing: According to the Figures, 87% of General Practitioners Work Full … Bmj, vol. 313, no. 7064, 1996, doi:10.1136/bmj.313.7064.3a. World Hunger Statistics. Food Aid Foundation, www.foodaidfoundation.org/world-hunger-statistics.html.
Herper, Matthew. Cloning’s High Cost. Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 6 June 2013, www.forbes.com/2001/11/26/1126cloning.html#58a6787108db. Rugnetta, Michael. Cloning. Encyclop?¦dia Britannica, Encyclop?¦dia Britannica, Inc., 12 July 2018, www.britannica.com/science/cloning. Facts About Hunger and Poverty in America. Feeding America, www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/facts. Zero Hunger. World Food Programme, www1.wfp.org/zero-hunger.
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