What you Need to Know about Canada

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Canada Research

The country of Canada’s capital is Ottawa. Canada has been involved in many wars, one of them being the French and Indian war. Government Canada’s government system is considered a Federal Parliamentary Democracy (parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy.

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The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General Julie Payette. The head of government is Prime Minister Justin Pierre James Trudeau. Laws are made by parliament and the Prime Minister, both are part of Canada’s elected federal government. In 1980 and 1995, Quebec sought independence from Canada. Votes were held, but Quebec remained a province of Canada.

Canada’s provinces include:

  • Alberta,
  • British Columbia,
  • Manitoba,
  • New Brunswick,
  • Newfoundland and Labrador,
  • Nova Scotia,
  • Ontario,
  • Prince Edward Island,
  • Quebec,
  • Saskatchewan.

Canada’s territories include:

  • Northwest Territory,
  • Nunavut,
  • Yukon.

Canada’s independence was recognized by the British North American colonies on July 1, 1867, and by the UK on December 11, 1931. Canada’s law system is based on a common law system, except Quebec. Quebec’s law system is based on French civil code.

Topography Canada is made up of thousands of adjacent islands. The country spans more than half the northern hemisphere. It stretches across 6 time zones, making it slightly larger than the US. Longest coastline in the world.Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world, but only had .5% of the world’s population.

Climate varies from temperate in the south, to subarctic and arctic in the North. Canada’s terrain consists of mostly plains with mountains in the West, and lowlands in the Southeast. Most canadians live within 180 miles of the Southern border with the US. Canada has more freshwater than any other country, and almost 9% of Canadian territory is water.

Population: 24,834,841Customs Descendants of British and French immigrants make up half of Canada’s population, followed by European and Asian immigrants.


  • transportation equipment,
  • chemicals,
  • processed and unprocessed materials,
  • food products,
  • wood and paper products,
  • fish products,
  • petroleum,
  • natural gas.

Agriculture- products:

  • wheat,
  • barley,
  • oilseed,
  • tobacco,
  • fruits,
  • vegetables,
  • dairy,
  • fish,
  • forest products.

Exports total up to $433 Billion.

Some examples of exports include:

  • motor vehicles and parts,
  • industrial machinery,
  • aircraft,
  • telecommunications equipment;
  • chemicals,
  • plastics,
  • fertilizers;
  • wood pulp,
  • timber,
  • crude petroleum,
  • natural gas,
  • electricity,
  • aluminum.

76.4% of exports are to the US, 4.1% China, and 19.5% Other. Imports total up to $443.7 Billion.

Some examples include:

  • machinery and equipment,
  • motor vehicles and parts,
  • crude oil,
  • chemicals,
  • electricity,
  • durable consumer goods.

52.2% of imports come from the US, 12.2% China, 6.2% Mexico, and 29.5% Other.

Foods: Favorite canadian foods vary slightly from region to region, depending on family heritage. Seafood and dishes from the English are more common along the Atlantic coast, except in Quebec. In Quebec, the people usually go for more of a french dish. Maple syrup and maple products are famously used in Canada. The canadian flag reflects the significance of the Maple Leaf. Most canadians eat three meals a day. Most canadians enjoy gravy, serving it with seafood, beef, chicken and pork.

Currency $ 1 = C$ 1.29$ 10 = C$ 12.91$ 50 = C$ 64.56$ 100 = C$ 129.13

Places to see and visit: Niagara FallsAlong the Canadian and US borderVery famous waterfall Casa LomaGothic Revival style castle and gardens which is now a museum and landmark Was built for Sir Henry Mill PellattAround Halloween, it is turned into a haunted house 1 Austin Terrace.

Business Customs Business communication is direct. No need to read between the lines or try to figure out what someone is talking about. Decisions don’t get made until both parties know all facts.

Handshakes with strong eye contact are the best way to greet someone. You may have to either have an interpreter present, or learn french. It is considered rude to talk in a foreign language around people who cannot understand what is being said. Do not compare Canada to the US. Eye contact lets the other party know that you are confident in your decisions. Dress according to the weather, and be early. Business cards should have both English and French translations. Business gifts are offered after closing a deal, however, if you choose to offer flowers, do not offer white lilies as they are often associated with death and funerals. Business lunches are short, light meals that do not involve alcohol. If you are invited to have a drink with the other party, don’t refuse unless you have a good reason. It can be considered rude or insulting.

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What You Need to Know About Canada. (2021, Oct 11). Retrieved February 8, 2023 , from

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