Lessons from Uganda’s Approach to Mental Health Concerns
Uganda’s mental health framework has many positive reforms included in its implementation. It consists of a decentralized and integration system comprising of mental health services that are combined through the Primary Health Care (PHC) system. The health care system is essential in terms of dealing with disorders. Other countries have to focus on funding their healthcare systems for them to provide amicable and adequate treatment to mental disorders. Uganda’s system lacks funding, a significant barrier towards its development. Lack of enough funds ensures that a program does not become outdated and offensive. Most of the developing nations have failed to have quality mental health frameworks because they are underfunded by their governments. Governments tend to invest 1% of their general health expenditure on mental health which leaves the population of mentally ill individuals without any services. Other developing nations should provide enough human resources and financial resources to the mental health sector.
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Health Care
Primary care refers to the initial medical consultation point. Primary care physicians are in charge of the services. Primary care provides patients with emergency services, in-patient, and out-patient services for the well-being of the patients. Secondary care involves a lack of contact with patients. Secondary care is more specialized in terms of the services it provides. One may acquire heart surgery services. Patients also have the opportunity of receiving acute care. Medical imaging and child-birth attendance are also other services involved in secondary care. Tertiary care involves a higher care level in health facilities. High specialized treatment, in this case, is the main focus of tertiary care. Cardiac surgery, management/treatment of cancer, and plastic surgery.
Healthcare Systems in Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdoms
In Great Britain (The United Kingdom), the government agencies have an open policy of interacting with the hospitals and health organizations. The above stakeholders have the opportunity to bargain with government agencies directly. In Germany, the healthcare sector operates with a framework comprising of public rules. Sickness-fund physicians’ associations and health facilities negotiate with sickness funds. The US medical sector has a more lucrative and entrepreneurial status (Duarte, Goodson, & Dougherty, 2014). The sector possesses a collective negotiation with different payers in public. The healthcare sector had a bifurcated and evolved payer of the pattern.
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