Adolescence is the most important phases of development, mainly about 10-19 years of age people. It is one of the most crucial stages in the life of people where a child turns into a responsible adults. It laid a strong foundation for people, which helps one to move in the right direction with a right thought and a lack of resulting in disasters , generating and an economically effective but a morally precarious population. Adolescences is a stage of physiological, mental and social transformation which accompanies many experimentation and makes them prone for risky healthy behaviours. These behaviours make them easily prone to diseases especially sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS.
A report released by UNICEF had proved that the number of adolescents aged between 10-19 officially described to be living with HIV in Asia and Other country has increased over the past decade . on other hand the reduction in AIDS-related deaths among adults age range 12 – 45 year olds in the region increased by 50 per cent between 2000 – 2015 which is threatening. The improper knowledge of development, poor health information , especially tobacco associated with sex education at homes and schools, enforcement in risky behaviours and a lack of access to improper reproductive health services further pave way to the adolescents liable to be influenced to AIDS.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus /Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disease has become one of the most vigorous public health problems in recent generations. As the population increases .India has been experiencing a steady increase in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with high rates of being reported among commercial sex workers.
The prevalence is 5.4% and 2.9 million people had been infected with the HIV virus. These statistics, it is noted from sentinel surveys in the medical sources, which are accessible to less than 50% of the population the prevalence is much higher than is reported. The difference between HIV symptoms in urban and rural areas is not large, indicating that the AIDS problem in India is not strictly an urban one.
As the prevalence of HIV/AIDS continues to rise, health care practitioners in all geographic regions of India can expect greater clinical exposure to patients infected. Cultural norms may have the vast difference in attitudes of health care workers towards people diseased with the HIV/AIDS virus.
In the beginning of 1990s, a limited amount of information about AIDS had exposed in a numerous way of sources. The Indian national program on AIDS had produced print material on AIDS prevention and educational focused towards the people at large. However, some of these have been informational value because they are not based on the needs assessment of specific group. In addition, the association of HIV/AIDS with commercial sex work produces an essential gender dimension to the discourse of AIDS.
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