Sex Education in Terms of HIV/AIDS

As of December 2015, an estimated 36.7 million people around the world are living with  Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus and about 1.8 million are children (HIV/AIDS 1).   Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, more commonly known as AIDS, is the most advanced stage of human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. The HIV infection weakens the immune system, and leading to the development of AIDS. HIV began to spread in the early 1980s and 35 million died from AIDS. In 2015 new reports have been made that 2.1 million new HIV infections were reported (HIV/AIDS 1). Because of teen pregnancies, Sex Education should be taught to teenagers, in public schools, and be required in schools. 

Most of the countries are making an ongoing effort to educate students and people about HIV/AIDS (HIV/AIDS 1). Every students know that there is no reliable cure or vaccine for HIV/AIDS. Students are taught about the best ways to prevent HIV/AIDS. The best way to prevent sexual diseases is using condoms instead of having unprotected sex. Even though condoms do prevent sexual diseases, but it still have to be use properly. For example, the condoms can break during sex when not using properly. However it is the best ways to prevent sexually transmitted infection. In some cases, public schools, provide condoms to students, and condoms are also available at clinics. Teachers discuss with students how to prevent  HIV/AIDS in sexual.

Christina Maxouris is a current CNN Digital News desk Intern.  Maxouris discussed that only 8 states provide sex education to students. The 8 states that provides sex education are California, Hawaii, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The Vice President Catherine Brown, of education policy at the institute, told C.N.N. News that  States are not providing students with enough guidance and support in terms of how to behave in the world they grew up in (Maxouris 1). So it seems that Catherine Brown is concern with students life. He wants to support all students with good guidance for their future. The vice president has also said, students that take sex education classes are less likely to have sex (Maxouris 1). In other words, sex education is effective, so it is still confusing that sex education isn’t offer in all schools. Catherine Brown states an important fact that teaching sex education can be good guidance for the student’s future life.

According to The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, teachers should teach children up-to-date sex education. Andrea Horwath is the Ontario NDP Leader at Education Ministry.  Horwath discusses that the teachers hold responsibility to teach kids about healthy relationship. Horwath also discussed that students need to be able to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections, and that the old curriculum fails to teach students about these issues. This can be a reason why students are not learning about the healthy relationship.  Horwath told reporters that “If we don’t teach children up-to-date sex ed curriculum, a complete up-to-date sex-ed curriculum, we are putting our children’s health at risk (CBC News 1). In other words, teachers can put children’s’ health in bad conditions by teaching them out dated sex education.

Sedgh analyze that the pregnancy rate among 15- to 19-year olds was the highest in the United States 57 pregnancies per 1,000 females and the lowest rate was in Switzerland 8 pregnancies( Sedgh 1). In other words, sex education is effective in other countries and in the United States it is not that effective. Sex education is not being teach to teenagers in some public schools which can cause teen pregnancies. Teen pregnancies is the higher than developed countries. In the United States, the pregnancy rate is 100 among black teenagers and 38 among white teens(Sedgh 1). This can also mean that black teenagers pregnancies is higher than white teens. In other words, many teens have unprotected sex or get less sex education at schools.

According to the article, Sex Education stated that currently, 43 percent of males and 57 percent of females do not receive school-based instruction about birth control options before they become sexually active (1).  It is a mistake not to educate teens, because it is such a high percent for teens to not receive the education they need about sex.  Also the article stated that 25 percent of teenage girls in the United States become pregnant before reaching age twenty (Sex Education 1). This can be a mistake, because there is no sex education for students to learn about health relationships they need. From 2011 to 2015, 65.6 percent of females and 58.3 percent of males between the ages of fifteen and nineteen reported having received sex education in school that discussed methods of birth control (Sex Education 1). Schools that provides sex education to students are less to have sex and know more about healthy relationship. Between 2011 and 2015, 42.4 percent of females and 44.2 percent of males between ages fifteen and nineteen reported having engaged in sexual intercourse, and 43 percent of sexually active teens said they did not use a condom in their most recent sexual encounter (Sex Education 1). In other words, teenagers don’t learn enough about sex education and teenagers don’t take a course in school about sex education. So it seems that students doesn’t use condoms when having sex either because they might find it uncomfortable to use a condom when having sex or they decide to not use it at all.

I believe that public schools should provide sex education. When I was a high schooler, we were taught so little about sex education. The public schools should take a role in students life to educate us. The parents and teachers should support an active role in educating kids about sex education.  Even though we have a very little sex education, it was a good education for sexual diseases, and we could protected by ourselves. It was a really good section for us to attend, because we could share information to our family and other friends. Fortunately, they have knowledge about how to prevent sexual diseases. We can protect ourselves and save our lives. Sex education should be mandate in schools for decreasing unprotected sex and less teens having pregnancies at an early age.    

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