Genetically Modified Organism: Benefits Humanity and Environment

It might sound like a thing. But, it really is a process by which we create new hybrid varieties of plant to get desired genetic traits to make farming process more sustainable. we have been modifying organisms ever since dawn of agriculture for over ten thousand years.

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as we evolved our food has evolved. Mendel discovered genetic basis of inheritance. farmers started mixing two species through grafting. Genetic engineering is more modern term been out there for forty years now and we are using it in cheeses, medicines and crops. GMOs are the best efficient tool farmers have that helps protect and preserve water, land, air and to limit the climate change. also, it’s safe for human and animal consumption. Let’s explore some of the benefits of GMOs through the sources below;

This research paper shows data and statistic collected from us and around the world to explain GMOs are one tool that can improve crop yields by allowing fewer acres to produce the same amount of food. This can help save critical animal and plant, enhance biodiversity, ecosystem including forests, parks and pastures. Improved ecology through GMOs decreases insecticide use bt-crops are designed to allow important, beneficial bugs to thrive, including: bees, earthworms, butterflies, ladybugs etc. National Academies of sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

This consensus study report from national academies of sciences, engineering and medicine reaffirms GMO are safe for human consumption. over nine hundred studies and publications were examined. More than twenty researchers, scientists and agriculture experts over a two-year period reviewed animal and human studies, allergenicity testing; Based on health data over twenty plus year since GMO crops were introduced from north America and Europe. In Report- No substantiated evidence found for a difference in risks to human health between current GMO and conventionally bred crops.

Objective of this research is to study the GMO impact on greenhouse emission and economy. It explains how GMO use less fossil fuel, reduce pesticide uses and tilling. Thus, produce less carbon dioxide and eco-friendly. Also, paper explains how GMO technology impacts price, supply and welfare and can bring positive outcome for the global economy. especially beneficial to both consumer and farmer in poor country as well as limit the effect of climate change.

This summary report from Environment Protection Agency summarizes in Report that GMO crops with drought-resistance traits help them survive times of drought, reduce need for intensive irrigation. Conservation tillage made more possible, that help preserve most precious natural resource water. According to agency report drought and water scarcity is steadily rising since past forty-eight years and predicting significant increase in high-drought risk areas worldwide. To impede this GMOs are helping agriculture use less water and grow more drought tolerant plants.

References:

Brooks Graham and Barfoot Peter, GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2014. PG Economics, LTD.uk, 2016.

Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/23395

Mahaffey, H., Taheripour, F. and Tyner, W. (2016) Evaluating the Economic and Environmental impacts of a Global GMO Ban. Journal of Environmental protection,7, 1522-1546. doi:10.4236/jep.2016.711127.

SUMMARIES OF EPA WATER POLLUTION REPORTING CATEGORIES USED IN THE ATTAINS DATA SYSTEM. EPA, Environmental Protection Agency, 2016, www.epa.gov/ Report No. EPA841-R-16-003

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