When we follow the pace of scientific progress and technological development and modern science and how it is faster than we imagine and what we expected, we think how life was twenty years ago and there is no mobile or smart phone or Internet or modern means of communication and services and communication and free communication and wonder that we ourselves lived these conditions and live Now as if we have moved from planet to planet and we do not feel. The fact that we do not know that every scientific research leads to a result or a modern invention took years, but because we see the picture from outside without attention to detail, we feel what we said above.
Cloning is a process in which access to a living organism is targeted using non-genetic cells taken from normal body tissues. Specifically, the non-genetic cells are meant to be the sperm cells of the male and the egg cells of the female. This embryo is identical in terms of the genes in the nucleus of the primary cell with the person from which the cell was taken. If we take a cell from the hair of a man’s head and extract the genetic ribbon from the nucleus of the cell, the embryo will carry exactly the same gene. Reproduction process. How do scientists conduct this process? In the beginning, a physical cell is taken from the organism that wants to reproduce a fetus with the same genetic and genetic characteristics. The scientists then empty the cell and separate its nuclei, which contain the gene containing DNA, and the genetic material extracted from the nucleus is 46 chromosome. The scientists then integrate the nucleus belonging to the first organism into an egg that is free of the nucleus of a female incubator, and then expose the egg to an electrical charge. The division of the nucleus of the primary cell begins. The zygote is the group of primary cells that begin the process of division until the embryo is formed. This embryo will naturally be pregnant for all the genes of the first organism whose entire genes have been extracted for implantation in this new embryo.
One of the most important applications of cloning is the production of new species and species from some plants, including rare plants. One of the most important applications of cloning is its use in the field of stem cell production, a large area that has become a branch of the same branches of science and conducts thousands of research in all universities of the world. Scientists see it as the solution to most chronic and debilitating diseases that afflict humans. Use this cloning in a way called tissue or therapeutic cloning by taking a stem cell from a tissue we want to reproduce. Then we integrate this cell with the eukaryotic cell cell and supply it to the electricity to begin the split and are implanted in a vital medium to produce an embryo. Stem cells are then extracted from the fetus, The tissue is intended for the process and then we can transplant it in a person that conforms histologically with this cloned tissue. Scientists are trying to clone stem cells to produce skin cells to replace burnt or highly inflamed skin or chronic diseases such as leprosy, vitiligo, other skin diseases and skin cancer. Stem cells that produce this process also have pancreatic cells, which are of great interest because if successful they will eliminate diabetes altogether. Scientists are also interested in researching the production of stem cells for testes and ovaries to treat infertility. So we imagine the possibilities in the near future and it was the cloning that some people feared. Therefore, the moral utilitarian theory is more clear in this case, it is beneficial to society and may be a cause of treatment for chronic and difficult treatment.
The human cloning process is still restricted by laws and ban in many countries of the world for fear of the impact if it happens on the human existence and human civilization if it is exposed in the future because of the cloning of the mutator of the mutants or a tyrant bloody and took the law makers a panic of the imagination of some scientists specializing in this Science. One of the reasons for human cloning is the need for large funding and the failure of experiments in more than 90% of the experiments. The results and examination of the animals in which the cloning was performed showed that the cloned animals suffer more than other severe immune and malignant diseases and diseases of the nervous system. Sudden death and all this delays the start of human cloning. But scientists are seeking to use it to transplant human tissues for use as transplantable alternative organs and this will achieve a great medical achievement, which will contribute to the treatment of patients with liver failure and kidney failure, diabetes and heart disease and blood vessels and research is to use stem cells by cloning in the production of nerve cells and this will be a great breakthrough.
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