Biomolecules Essays

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Degradation of TCE and EDB

Wet cleaning” for the aquatic environment Degradation of TCE and EDB using the CYP2E1 protein in transgenic duckweed Clean water is essential to the life of all organisms. Because the environment contains toxins and xenobiotics, many organisms have evolved enzymes to degrade such harmful species to less damaging forms. In mammals, cytochrome P450s serve as […]

Pages: 36 Words: 10846 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Protein

Gi Anandamide Cells | Biology Dissertation

Abstract We have previously shown that anandamide and its metabolically stable analog, methanandamide, produces vasorelaxation via the production of nitric oxide in rabbit aortic ring preparations, acting on a Gi-coupled, endothelial non-CB1/CB2 putative “anandamide receptor” (Mukhopadhyay et al., 2002). Recently we have demonstrated that anandamide activates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) via the activation of […]

Pages: 39 Words: 11619 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Protein
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Influenza Virus Human | Health Dissertation

Influenza Virus Human Chapter 1 Introduction Influenza Influenza virus is an important human pathogen. The virus causes epidemics annually resulting in an estimated 250,000 to 500,000 deaths worldwide (WHOa). In the USA alone, 5-20% of the population become infected every year resulting in an estimated 200,000 influenza related hospitalisations and 36,000 deaths (CDC). Influenza virus […]

Pages: 37 Words: 11182 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Influenza, Protein, Transcription

Tendons Macromolecules | Sciences Dissertations

Chapter One Literature Review 1.0 Introduction Tendons are dynamic structures; their extracellular matrices are continuously being synthesised and broken down over the course of an individual’s lifetime. The macromolecules, namely collagen, proteoglycans, hyaluronan and the non-collagenous proteins form the extracellular matrix of tendons. In normal tendon exists a fine balance between the synthesis and degradation […]

Pages: 72 Words: 21607 Topics: Biomolecules, Protein

Vitamin D Calcium

Revised vitamin D copy Sources and forms of vitamin D Vitamin D, also termed calciferol, is a fat-soluble secosteroid compound that is an essential regulatory factor for calcium and phosphate metabolism in humans and animals. Its biological functions involve a physiological action in bone formation and mineralization, muscle contraction, nerve signal modulation and transmission as […]

Pages: 43 Words: 12914 Topics: Biomolecules, Hormone, Immune System, Osteoporosis, Vitamin D

Physiology Dissertations – Sahiwal Cattle Breed

Introduction A significant national genetic resource of Pakistan is the Sahiwal cattle breed. Originated and developed in Pakistan, this breed is now reported to be present in 29 countries (FAO, 2007). Population of this breed is diminishing because of intensive crossbreeding for dairying which remains a main threat to its survival (Payne and Hodges, 1997). […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1712 Topics: Biomolecules

Extracellular Matrix

INTRODUCTION The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a dynamic structure that contains a complex mixture of molecules, including elastin, collagens, laminins, fibronectin, proteoglycans and other insoluble molecules. The ECM not only provides a structural framework to support cells and divide tissues (Klein et al. 2004a;Mott & Werb 2004), but also acts as a reservoir for biologically […]

Pages: 63 Words: 18902 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Glaucoma, Protein

Genetic Polymorphism

Genetic Polymorphism Governing the CYP2D6 Cytrochrome P450 Enzyme Subfamily in Drug Metabolism I. Abstract The decoding of the human genome has opened up an immense opportunity for further research in designing treatment plans that can be more personalized. The composition of a person’s genome varies amongst individuals and also within populations. Individual responses to drug […]

Pages: 57 Words: 17152 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Enzyme

Gi Anandamide Cells

Abstract We have previously shown that anandamide and its metabolically stable analog, methanandamide, produces vasorelaxation via the production of nitric oxide in rabbit aortic ring preparations, acting on a Gi-coupled, endothelial non-CB1/CB2 putative “anandamide receptor” (Mukhopadhyay et al., 2002). Recently we have demonstrated that anandamide activates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) via the activation of […]

Pages: 39 Words: 11617 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Protein

Glucocorticoids Drug Metabolism

The Role of Glucocorticoid Receptor in the Regulation of Drug Metabolism Introduction Glucocorticoids are extremely important in our life due to their pivotal roles in maintaining homeostasis and coping with stress. Tremendous attention has focused on glucocorticoids because of their wide usage in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and their implications to the […]

Pages: 11 Words: 3366 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Drugs, Protein

Successful in Avoiding Dismissals

Enzyme was introduced by Kiihne in 1878, even though the first observation of enzyme activity in a test tube was done by Payen and Persoz in 1833. Enzymes are specialized proteins that make cellular work possible in all cells by helping chemical reaction to occur. these chemical reaction speed up the chemical activity by increasing […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1269 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Chemical Reaction, Enzyme, Protein

College Essay Topics to Write Abou Chemical Reaction

The types of chemical reaction considered here areoxidation, reduction, phosphorylation, hydrolysis, condensation, isomerization,deamination and carboxylation. Oxidation Oxidation involves an increase in the oxidation number ofa species. This involves the addition of oxygen or the loss of hydrogen orelectrons. Ultimately the first two can always be viewed as equivalent toloss of electrons. Oxidation always occurs together […]

Pages: 3 Words: 922 Topics: Biomolecules, Chemical Reaction

Superantigens

A superantigen is defined as a type of antigen which has the ability to cause polyclonal T cell activation via a large, nonspecific activation of T cells. There are three general families of superantigens: endogenous superantigens, exogenous superantigens, and B cell superantigens. Endogenous superantigens are encoded into the genome by different viruses; exogenous superantigens simply […]

Pages: 1 Words: 376 Topics: Anatomy, Biomolecules, Immune System

DNA Structure and Functions

Because all DNA polymerases synthesize DNA in the 5-to-3 direction, and the parental strands are antiparallel, DNA replication is accomplished with the use of two mechanisms: continuous and discontinuous replication. Indicate whether the following items relate to (1) continuous replication, (2) discontinuous replication, or (3) both modes of replication. Indicate whether the following statements are […]

Pages: 1 Words: 268 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, DNA

Extraction and Characterization of Bacterial DNA

ABSTRACT: In this experiment, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was extracted from Micrococcus lysodeikticus, a bacteria with a high guanine and cytosine content. The standard method of chloroform-isoamyl alcohol extraction was used, and the DNA was solubilized in Tris buffer. The DNA was then quantified and qualified using UV spectrophotometry. The DNA was determined to have been […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1765 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Characterization, DNA

Cloning and Expressing of Aryl Alcohol Oxidase

Abstract: Cellulose fuel ethanol does great significance on solving the energy crisis and reducing environment pollution. However, in the process of industrially degrading cellulose into ethanol, it is difficult to directly degrade the cellulose because of the presence of the lignin barrier. While the aryl alcohol oxidase is responsible for providing H2O2 to initiate the […]

Pages: 3 Words: 862 Topics: Biomolecules, Biotechnology, Cloning, Enzyme, Transcription

General View of Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physiological process by which green plants, algae and some forms of bacteria utilize energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugars. For the process of photosynthesis, plants require light energy from the sun, water and carbon dioxide (Johnson, 2016). This process takes place in two steps, one is light […]

Pages: 13 Words: 3885 Topics: Biomolecules, Photosynthesis
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