Attack on Pearl Harbor – 1941

Pearl Harbor is a U.S. navy base that was attacked in December 7, 1941, the base at the time was a dock for battleships. Just before 8 am on there were waves of planes ready to attack pearl harbor by surrounding the navy base, they managed to destroy or damage nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight battleships, and over 300 airplanes. Over 2,400 people were killed in this incident and about 1,000 people have been injured.

A leader of Japan that lead Pearl Harbor was Vice-Admiral Chuichi Nagumo lead the attack on Pearl Harbor. He commanded the air attack on Pearl Harbor he also called off a planned third air attack after deciding there was too high a risk that the US would be able to fight back. Many people thought this was a bad move on his part, as another attack could have caused enormous additional damage. For the rest of his life, Nagumo was blamed for that decision. He killed himself in 1944 when it became clear that Japan would have to surrender.

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After some research I found out that the reason for Pearl Harbor might have involved racism. They were supposedly physiologically incapable of being good aviators because they lacked a sense of balance and their eyes were not right. It was even believed that the Japanese were bad pilots because, as babies, they would be carried on the backs of their big sisters and got bounced around, so their inner ear was knocked askew.

Two naval commanding officers were Yamamoto and Kimmel. leaders were naval commanders Yamamoto and KimmelYamamoto and Kimmel duffered in personality differed. Yamamoto was a strong man that fought in WW2 and fought in Pearl Harbor. He was also a gambler was a gambler he took risks. He said if he had another life he would be in Monaco playing the gambling tables said in another life he would be Monaco playing the gaming tables. He insisted on the attack of Pearl Harbor despite the objections of the Imperial Navy Insisted on the plan for the attack of Pearl Harbor despite the objections of the Imperial Navy.

Kimmel was very much a disciplinariana laser-focused guy who didn’t tolerate anyone breaking the rules or trying to get by them. He insisted on taking the offense as soon as the war broke out which in a way was agood thing interested in taking the offensive . Even though he didn’t want to he should have played a more offensive position. Kimmel wanted to go attack somebody He wanted to attack and that’s the reason why he didn’t send out search planes. He wanted to attack someone so he didn’t send out search planes use the search planes for his grand offense as soon as the war broke out.Kimmel wanted to use the search planes for his grand offense when the war broke out.

The Japanese were successful because of a big factor of stealth, we didn’t even know who was shooting at us when they were attacking. We have to remember that in that day and age there were no satellites peering down, revealing all. When the Japanese were heading our way we didn’t know because they flew high and out of sight. During the journey 3,000 miles across the Pacific Ocean. A search plane, a warship, and were never seen from above. It was the essential ingredient of their plan. They had to achieve surprise. If the Japanese failed to achieve stealth then it would be a very slim chance of success for the Japanese.

Ever since 1931, the U.S. had been pressuring Japan to withdraw the army it had sent to conquer Manchuria and, eventually, all of China. America had tried exerting diplomatic pressure, but to no avail. The Japanese Imperial Government’s primary goal was to become the conquering ruler of Asia.

When diplomacy didn’t work, President Roosevelt reduced, then ended American export of machinery to Japan. When that didn’t work, he stopped all sales of American oil. Even though its operations in China were running out of gas, Japan persisted. Finally the government froze Japanese assets in the U.S. Roosevelt knew how the Japanese would respond when he signed the order locking Japan’s wealth in American banks.

After The attack on Pearl Harbor, it was only at early afternoon that Roosevelt knew about it.The Secretary of Navy Frank Knox told Roosevelt Air Raid Pearl Harbor.This is no drill..The message arrived at 10:58 am,California time ,7:58 a.m. Hawaii time.As they were talking Knox knew knew that the attack was still going as they were talking right now.However,in Japan this brought worry because there was a problem with the system which was supposed to tell the U.S 10 hours before the attack happened.Adding on this really was not a Japanese thing to do because their motive is to tell someone before their going to attack so the fight would be more fair.With this attack the relations with Japan and U.S were forever changed in the early 20th century.Moving on,the other parts of the U.S didn’t know what happened at Pearl Harbor with their lead to Roosevelt telling his Press Secretary to wire to the whole world,Washington-White House Announces Japanese Wave Attacked Pearl HarborWith this brought terror in the millions of those in the Pacific Coast in theU.S.A.Just imagine your neighborhood state just got bombed and you might be next?.According to a radio station it announced ,In every farm house,every light of any kind in that area must be out by eleven o’clock.To text your blackout,you will have plenty of time between the hours of seven and eleven…to make arrangements to get heavy black paper to seal your window

The reactions with Japan really changed as the president even stopped trading with them by talking to the ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura and special envoy Saburo Kurusu.This attacked not only fear make many Americans mourn off this attack, but many were furious and wanted war on Japan.With this President Roosevelt wanted a vote in Congress and in which he did get the vote because many where furious and wanted revenge on Japan.An example can be headlines trying to find the biggest font to say WAR.And Los Angeles Times saying Now she is going to get it,it was the act of a mad dog,a gangster’s parody of every principle of international honor.

A series of events led to the attack on Pearl Harbor. War between Japan and the United States had been a possibility that each nation’s military forces planned for in the 1920s, though real tension did not begin until the 1931 invasion of Manchuria by Japan.

The attack on Pearl Harbor, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, led to the United States’ entry into World War II.

The Philippines, at that time an American territory, were also a Japanese target. The Japanese military concluded an invasion of the Philippines would provoke an American military response. Rather than seize and fortify the islands, and wait for the inevitable U.S. counterattack, Japan’s military leaders instead decided on the preventive Pearl Harbor attack, which they assumed would negate the American forces needed for the liberation and reconquest of the islands.

Yamamoto had been planning the attack earlier in the year of the incident. Yamamoto got approval from the Naval High Command by doing things and threatening to resign from his post. The attack plan was approved in the summer of an Imperial Conference. It was approved again a second time in a conference in the fall. During the year pilots were trained. They also prepared ships.The authority for an attack was granted during the second Imperial Conference. The final approval came from Emperor Hirohito to attack in the beginning of December.

Part of Japan’s plan of attack was breaking off relationships and negotiations with the United States half an hour before the attack commenced. The Japanese Embassy had diplomats in Washington had extended talks with the Japanese ambassador Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura and a special representative Sabur?? Kurusu with the State Department about the United States reaction to the Japanese summer move into French Indochina.

Yamamoto briefed Captain Kanji Ogawa of Naval Intelligence on February 3, 1940 of the potential plan of attack on Pearl Harbor. Yamamoto asked Captain Kanji Ogawa to start gathering intelligence on Pearl Harbor. Captain Ogawa had spies in Hawaii like Japanese Consulates Officials. He got some help from a german who had already been living in Hawaii who was a Abwehr agent. No one was providing a lot of useful military information. Captain Ogawa planned to add a 29-year old Ensign named Takeo Yoshikawa. By spring of 1941 Yamamoto requested more Hawaiian intelligence and at Yokohama Yoshikawa boarded the liner Nitta-maru. He disguised himself by growing his hair longer than military length and took the cover name Tadashi Morimura.

Work Cited

Article title: History TV

Website title: History TV

URL: https://www.history.com/…/yamamoto-isoroku-japans-mastermind-of-the-pearl-harbor-a

Article title: Pearl Harbor – Who Were the Japanese Leaders? – Visit Pearl Harbor

Website title: Visit Pearl Harbor

URL: https://visitpearlharbor.org/educational-resources/pearl-harbor-japanese-leaders

Article title: How Racism, Arrogance, and Incompetence Led to Pearl Harbor

Website title: News.nationalgeographic.com

URL: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/12/countdown-pearl-harbor-attack-twomey-anniversary/

google – Google Search

Website title: Google.com

URL: https://www.google.com/search?q=google&rlz=1C1AWFC_enUS817US817&oq=google&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l2j69i60l3.2296j0j8 sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-

Article title: Pearl Harbor

Website title: HISTORY

URL: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor

Pearl Harbor

Website title: HISTORY

URL: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor

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