The quality of life today at so many different levels has greatly improved due to use of scientific knowledge, this range from the mere daily activities to global activities. Application of science informs policy making and greatly play very critical role in social, political, economic, cultural, and demographic fields across the world. It is apparent that without the knowledge of science life would be difficult and almost impossible to progress, (Bickman et al, pg 65-70)
The knowledge of science is being applied today in so many areas such as in the modern medicine whereby there has been great deliverables in the field of medicine unfolding smart antibiotics and vaccines useful in treating the once deadly diseases. Today, with emergence of many new advanced drugs the world is enjoying heightened levels of health care and management with low death cases from some deadly diseases compared to the past, (Bickman et al, pg 65-70)
Science has also contributed positively in the agricultural sector, for instance application of agricultural technology has facilitated initiation of hybrid varieties of foodstuffs which contribute to balanced diet and good health. On the other hand science has enabled crossbreeding of the once low yielding crops to better yielding crops, thus ensuring high harvests to farmers. Food security has improved largely and with better effective pesticides being discovered to protect the crops while at the plantations and after harvesting. Additionally discovery of DNA has played a key role a major breakthrough in biology that has helped in discovering solutions for genetic diseases, and crops that are genetically engineered, (Bickman et al, pg 65-70)
Water security has been greatly enhanced due to adoption of favorable policies to ensure a good blend of the water resources available and against the financial budget for that sector against the population of any given country, (Osborne et al pg 1049-1079).
Science is also being applied in statistics in probability to predict behavior of two occurring activities or phenomena. For instance the discovery of the probabilistic nature, a major discovery and a conclusion was drawn about atomic scale which is being applied even today, (Osborne et al pg 1049-1079).
The application of science has so many implications and the most conspicuous one are the major drawbacks that come with the application of science in our daily activities, (Osborne et al pg 1049-1079).
For instance research and development into developing and coming up with new informed policies comes with huge budget implications which in most cases renders the research and development work impossible. O n the other hand grants given to the researchers have a short expiry period of less than 3years and this makes most researchers shy off from long-term projects which maybe could yield great deliverables helpful to the society, (Pidd, pg 46-52)
It's worth mentioning that apart from the above challenge, researchers are being faced with the challenge of low funding with small amounts of cash. This definitely pushes them to the very fast and wrong research which might not yield anything at all. One of the reason being that the governments funding are being faced by so many researchers and have the pressure to fund adequately with sufficient funds, (Pidd, pg 46-52)
One more challenge of application of science is that only a few researchers are willing to participate in the high profile risky projects while the less risky projects could be the most obvious ones not warranting research. This could lead to wastage of funds in projects which are meaningless, (Pidd, pg 46-52)
Part of the major political implication application of science has is on the stem cell as well as on the embryo research whereby both politicians and interested religious groups are in constant debate over GMOS on the safety and ethics, (Kandel, pg 912-914).
Another major ethical and legal implication of of this factor is that it lacks the legitimacy in the sense that this perspective doesn't offer a new view on genetic engineering, (Kandel, pg 912-914).
Economically the emergency of new anonymous currency the so called Bit coin has led issues such as hacking of the currency, valuation of the currency against other currencies as well as promotion of illegal business transactions which can't be identified easily. This is among the negative implications of the application of science, (Baeza et al, pg 199-208)
The use of robots in the enforcement of automated law implies that these robots may not exercise the right judgment required if it were a rational human being probably they would exercise better decisions unbiased as opposed to the robots which in most cases are set to think or act in just one way or direction, (Baeza et al, pg 199-208)
The idea of making computers that have the same knowledge as human beings is a big concern since in the long run this may lead to constant permanent replacement of human beings and this may render human beings good for nothing in their roles. The biggest question being that will this interface be affected perfectly and whether or not can the machines perfectly replace human beings to perform like human beings, (Baeza et al, pg 199-208)
The use of and application of science has led to assumption of social bonds and neglect ion of social responsibility with emergence of sexbots replacing girlfriends and wives for sexual satisfaction. This displays moral decay and erosion of culture and norms, (Baeza et al, pg 199-208)
Bickman, Leonard, and Debra J. Rog, eds.? The Sage handbook of applied social research methods. Sage publications, 2008.Funtowicz, Silvio O., and Jerome R. Ravetz. "A new scientific methodology for global environmental issues."?
Ecological economics: The science and management of sustainability? 10 (1991): 137. Pidd, Michael. "Tools for thinking."? Modelling in management science? 1 (1996).
Bickman, L., and D. J. Rog. "Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods.BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES? 46 (1998): 351-351.
Osborne, Jonathan, Shirley Simon, and Sue Collins. "Attitudes towards science: A review of the literature and its implications."International journal of science education? 25.9 (2003): 1049-1079.
Kandel, Denise. "Stages in adolescent involvement in drug use."? Science? 190.4217 (1975): 912- 914.Baeza, M. J., et al. "Factors influencing fire behaviour in shrublands of different stand ages and the implications for using prescribed burning to reduce wildfire risk."? Journal of Environmental Management? 65.2 (2002): 199-208.
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