Abraham Lincoln, Republican, American politician, thinker, strategist, abrogate of black slavery. The 16 th President of the United States during his presidency, the Civil War broke out, known as the Civil War, Lincoln firmly opposed the division of the country. He abolished slavery in the rebellious states, enacted the Homestead Act, and proclaimed the Emancipation of Negro slaves.
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Lincoln defeated the secessionists of the South and defended the right of all men to be born equal, regardless of race, in the United States and its territory. April 14, 1865, shortly after the end of the Civil War, Lincoln was sympathized with Southern actor John Wilkes Booth at the Ford Theater in Washington. Kill. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated. In November 1860, Lincoln was elected president and the Republican Party took office for the first time. Lincoln’s election posed a serious threat to the interests of the southern planters. The slave owners of the southern plantations mutinied in order to create division. Eleven southern states withdrew from the Union, declared the “United States of America”, and established a new constitution. Elect a new president.
On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces began the Civil War by shelling Fort Sumter, a federal stronghold in Charleston Port, South Carolina. On the 15th, Lincoln ordered volunteers to fight for the unity of the Union, and the Civil War broke out. After the Civil War, President Lincoln made a bold decision, not only to expand the presidential war power, but also to order the suspension of civil habeas corpus privileges in some areas. However, Lincoln was hesitant and hesitant about the liberation of slaves. One of his major concerns was the question of private property rights related to the constitutional process. In view of the fact that the United States Constitution prohibits the Government from having no due process of law, In order to deprive citizens of their property, Lincoln had no intention or right to liberate the slaves. He is also the first Republican president and has been rated as the greatest president on many occasions.
On January 1, 1863, the Manifesto of the Liberation of Negro slaves was promulgated, declaring the abolition of slavery in the rebellious states with immediate effect, and the free slaves could be called up to join the Union Army. The proclamation of the slaves’ freedom fundamentally disintegrated the fighting power of the Confederate army and provided a strong supply of troops to the Northern Army. During the Civil War, 186000 blacks fought directly, and they fought bravely, with an average of one in three blacks giving their lives in the cause of liberation. The two sides fought the largest battle since the civil war in Gettysburg, north of Washington. After three days and nights of fierce fighting between the two sides, the Northern Army The VJ was badly hit by the loss of 36000 men, and from then on the Yankees entered the counter-offensive, and the Confederate forces had to defend themselves. On April 3, 1865, they captured the rebel capital Richmond. April 9, 1865, the rebel capital, Richmond, was captured on April 9, 1865. Rebel Commander-in-Chief Robert Lee surrenders to Grant with 28000 men in the village of Apomattox. The four-year Civil War ended in a Northern victory. Lincoln was re-elected as President of the United States on November 8, 1864, thanks to his remarkable achievements in the Civil War.
At 10:15 on the evening of April 14, 1865, five days after the surrender of the Confederate forces, Lincoln watched the play in the president’s box at the Ford Theatre in Washington. Sympathetic Southern actor John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the head as the president’s bodyguard left.
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