Alexander the Great was born on July 20th, 356 B.C., in Pella, Macedonia. His dad was King Philip II, and his mother Olympias, who was one of Philip’s eight wives. It was said and encouraged then, that he was the child of something holy. That everything he would do would be impactful and contain great power. That he was from the gods. His father would be one of the most influential people in his life, making sure that his education was prioritized. That meant being tutored by the infamous Aristotle. Just because his father was gone conquering land and halting revolts, doesn’t mean he was absent in making sure his son had the tools he needed to succeed. Having access to such high education gave him knowledge that was influenced with logic, culture, philosophy, music, and more. What Aristotle gave him were lessons he would later use to help him conquer, and take control over empires, all while preserving the unique cultures along the way.
Sometime in 336, Alexander’s father was assassinated. Alexander was now head of operations. He quickly took control and killed the alleged murderer of his father, and managed to kill major groups that hated him, and his rivals. Traveling south and a few acts of heroism later, he was made “generalissimo” for the future invasive attack on Asia that he created. He continued to travel and conquer during his reign and was said to be invincible. He forced into the Shipka Pass, destroyed Triballi, made way through the Danube to then separate into the Getae. Continued onward to crush the coalition of Illyrians who made way into his territory. Whilst all of that was happening, gossip spread around that he had died, which set off a revolt and people wanted a new ruler. He hiked 240 miles for 14 days, from modern day Albania, to Thebes. They refused to give up, so he tore their city to the ground, leaving just temples. Six thousand were murdered and the people who lived were sold into slavery. People were shocked, afraid, and impressed with his perseverance, vigor, and violent actions.
Although his opponents left him no choice but to be violent, it’s rightfully so that he is one of the greatest military leaders of all time. He ruled Macedonia, was a leader of Greece, and conquered the Persian Empire and more. His killings were a necessary means for him to grow his power, but he was tasteful in regards to his respects. He understood the effort needed to be a ruler and recognized that same vigor and love of people in other rulers, including his opponents. Taking the right actions in their burials, making sure the correct cultural traditions and burials were happening, and respecting the loved ones and the followers of those he killed were just some ways he showed his nobility, honor, and thoughtfulness through actions. His ruling was lead through the love of his and other’s culture, while doing what was needed to. He demonstrated how to be one of the most incredibly successful rulers, while still maintaining dignity, morals, and the respect of his peers and people.
After his death, temples and statues were built in his honor. Many of these sites held events to honor Alexander’s accomplishments. Alexander was very astute and embraced and integrated his knowledge and techniques from many cultures including; the Egyptians, Greeks, Persian, and Indians and he made them into one. This made his knowledge broader and more encompassing than others. Alexander’s legacy was considered far-reaching and profound. Responsible for the destruction of the Persian Empire and more importantly, his conquests led to the spread of Greek culture (Hellenism) across his empire.
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