The Effect of Fast Food in Developing Breast Cancer Among Saudi Populations

Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women, it is a hormone-related malignancy, and diet may influence the risk of cancer through its effects on hormone levels, growth factors, and ant oxidation.

Significant of problem: breast cancer ranked first among females, between January and December 2014, there were 1,826 female breast cancer cases. Breast cancer accounted to 15.9% from all cancers reported among Saudi nationals, and to 28.7% from all cancers reported among females at all ages. The ASR was 22.7/100,000 for female population. The five regions with the highest ASR per 100,000 population were Eastern region with 36.2/100,000, followed by Riyadh region with 32.8/100,000, Makkah region with 21.7/100,000, Qassim region with 21.2/100,000, and Jouf region with 21.3/100,000.

Literature review: Taylor & Francis Group have studies in (2012,2013,2014). In the first year they found that the red meat was increase the risk of breast cancer. And in the second year they said that the diet does not affect breast cancer survival or recur. While, in the third year they found that the higher consumption of energy dense food and fast food was associated with increased risk of breast cancer. On the other hand, Oncology reports (2017) found the cancer cells present sustained de novo fatty acid synthesis with increased production of saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids. Although, Dr. Prentice in America (2006) said: a low-fat dietary pattern did not result in a statistically significant reduction in invasive breast cancer risk.

Otherwise, San Antonio (2017) said that a low-fat dietary pattern had a significantly increased survival a breast cancer. Although, Oxford University (2014) saturated fat, all intake quintiles were associated with a statistically significantly greater risk of breast cancer.

Aim of this study:

This study will be done to know what’s the factors influence on developing breast cancer and what’s the relationship between eating more fast food and increase risk for breast cancer and what’s the relationship between nutrition and breast cancer.

Methodology:

Subjects and methods

  1. – Design:
  2. Descriptive cross-sectional study.

  3. – sitting
  4. This study will be conducted at King Fahad University Hospital in Al-khobar-Saudi Arabia.

  5. – Sample:
  6. Convenient sample will be chosen to conduct the study, total number of sample will be 1000 Saudi women who were newly diagnosed with histologically confirmed breast cancer,20–75 years of age.

    – Pilot study: 10% of sample (100) and it will be excluded from sample size.

  7. – Method and tool of data collection:
  8. Questionnaire will be used to collect data it included 60 questions 40 of it with close-end questions and 20 with open-end questions and will composed of three main parts:

A. : Sociodemographic characteristic such as: (Age, sex, marital status, education level …etc.)

B. : It concerned with women knowledge regarding breast cancer prevention and self-examination such as: (The age should self-examination be started, the best time to do it, their sources of information regarding prevention of breast cancer …etc.)

C. : To assess women life style such as: (Nutrition, exercise, smoking …etc.).

Ethical issue:

Informed consent will be taken from the hospital administrator to conduct this study and written consent also will be taken from the participants who will participated in this study.

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