The Declaration of Independence which was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, can be thought as the birth of the United States. Since Thirteen Colonies not only revealed their main purpose about American Revolutionary War but also they proclaimed their independence. The process leading up to The Declaration of Independence did not emerge overnight. Many years and various events led to colonist fight for their independence. Political interference of Britain, economic laws and the impact of ?’Common Sense ?’ on the society affected the development of The Declaration of Independence. One cause which affecteds emergence of The Declaration of the Independence was political interferences of Great Britain. Because first American colonies were established mostly by people who migrated from Britain. The number of colonies increased and they progressed in time, nonetheless, they were still governed by England. The British government let the colonists govern themselves with little interference until the 1760s. The 1760s could be thought as a turning point because mother country gained vast territory from France after the Seven Years War.However, London officials had no experience managing the territory as vast as it acquired from France. That is why England increaseds interferences in order to maintains control over colonies with strict precautions and various laws. Colonist began to worry about these laws and they felt as these laws threatened their right to govern themselves. The more political interferences caused more conflicts between England and the colonists. Consequently, these conflicts created the idea of separation from mother country step by step. The second cause was economic laws. After the Seven Years War Great Britain wideneds borders in the New World. Nevertheless, during the war, Britain sent troops in order to help American colonies to fight in the war. When the war ended, England needed money to pay its war debts. That is why The British Parliament decided to tax the American colonies to help pay for the cost of war. They passed a number of laws such as the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act. While the British Parliament believed that they had the right to tax colonies because they supported them during the war, many colonists felt that they had not to pay these taxes.Because these laws were passed by the British Parliament, not by their colonial governments. Moreover, they had no representative on British Parliament to defend their rights. Colonists protests created the motto “No Taxation Without Representation.”. Trade restriction laws and taxes developed the process of The Declaration of Independence. The third cause was the impact of ?’Common Sense ?’ on society. Common Sense was a pamphlet which was written by Thomas Paine in the plain and persuasive language in order to be understood by every people in the society. Thomas Paine wrote it in order to encourage the people in the colonies about separation from England. In his pamphlet, not only criticized the British Government but also he explained the disadvantages of being connected with England. He emphasized the importance of independence and he explained why it was the wrong regard as Great Britain as Mother Country. Although there were opposite ideas in the society about separation, the pamphlet was adopted by the colonists and united them against England in a little while.” Common Sense” improved the need for independence. To sum up, multiple causes led to the birth of the United States. Britain started to getting involve American colonies after the Seven Years War. Because they had different politic and economic ideology, caused various problems between Great Britain and the colonists. Most of the colonists rejected taxes without representation. ?’Common Sense” emphasized on these differences and protests that is why united the colonists under the common purpose. On July 4, 1776, Declaration of Independence proclaimed and it underlined their aim during the American War of Independence. The independence process took time and developed step by step.
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