Renaissance:Art, Architecture, Philosophy and Religion

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The Renaissance was a period of rebirth. A rebirthing of the Greek and Roman era. During this time, people found a renewed interest in the ancient Graeco-Roman philosophies, art, architecture, writings and more. Scholars during this period studied and translated texts, musicians wrote music based on the early-aged dramas, and architects replicated the architectural construction of the ancient ruins. A sparked interest in independency arose. People were curious. Many began finding new perspectives, opinions, and creation. Creativity arose during this era. Artists, poets, and scientist were discovering new approaches to the world. Many changes were approaching throughout the Renaissance. Italy sparked the beginning of the Renaissance, creativity assisted in its flourishment, and the renounced interest in the Greek and Roman era conceived the modern era.

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The Renaissance began in Italy during the 13th century. It became known as the birthing place of the Renaissance due to the growing economic power. As Italyr’s trade partners increased so did their abundance of wealth, which can be tied into why Italy is known as the starting point of the renaissance. Along with their economic growth was the increased interest in humanism. Many poets, artists, and writers became influences in the start of the Renaissance. Francesco Petrarch for instance, was known by many as the Father of Humanism, and considered one of the earliest humanists. He was a scholar who studied the philosophies and writings of Ancient Rome, such as Ciceror’s letter, which many acknowledge to be the introduction of the Renaissance. Dante Alighieri is another influential poet of the Renaissance. His writing, The Divine Comedy, is still remembered today as one of the greatest work of literatures due to it reintroducing civilization, and his analysis of the Fall of Rome. Many consider this literature to be a bridge leading people away from the Middle ages and into the Renaissance, due to the incorporation of mythology. By incorporating mythology, he was breaking away from the previous Catholic overtake. Literature was not the only factor in the start and flourishment of the Renaissance.

Creativity is responsible for the prosperity of the Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci is a vital figure in the Renaissance. With his works detailing emotions, lighting, and his outlook on life, he is still known today as the Renaissance Man. His two most famous works, The Mona Lisa and the Last Supper are two impactful paintings of this time period. He held the belief that art was characterized through nature and science, which can be noticed in many of his works. Vitruvian Man serving as one. This representation of the human figure also embodies the thought of the universe. It also serves to represent Davincir’s interest in proportion. His painting, The Last Supper is also a vital piece of work during the Renaissance time period. It captures the importance of religion following the rise and fall of Catholic persuasion. This paintingr’s composition is balanced, and the geometrical formation goes to symbolize Neoplatonism, a reference between Greek philosophy and Christianityr’s allegory. This also serves as an aspect of humanism as it amplifies spirituality. A reincorporation of Greek and Roman architecture was an essential part of the Renaissance.

Architecture during the Renaissance magnified the ancient Greek and Roman era. Greek columns, triangular pediments, and Roman arches and domes were repeatedly present in many buildings. The revival of ancient architecture came from the study of Vitruvius, a Roman architecture. Filippo Brunelleschir’s dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, was a work during the early Renaissance period. It is known to be a piece of architecture which sparked the beginning of the Renaissance, as it reintroduced buildings from the classical age. An abundance of architecture during the Renaissance embodied Gothic and Baroque architecture. It placed a large emphasis on symmetry, geometry, as well as proportion, which can also be found in human figure paintings and sculptures. The Sagrestia Vecchia is a Christian building capturing the essence of Byzantine architecture. Pilasters and arches are abundantly used in the Sagrestia Vecchia, as well as other Roman architectural buildings.

Following the Dark Ages, when the Catholic took over, a new era was formed. Known as the Renaissance, it was a time that sparked interest in the philosophies and humanities of the Greek and Roman time period. Scholars began looking at things with a new perspective, architects re-introduced ancient frameworks, and artists discovered proportion in the human body. The rebirthing of European culture guided a movement towards secularism, rationality, and individualism. It became known as the denomination of personality, which ultimately revitalized Europe and shaped the modern day era. A rediscovery of Greek and Roman writings and ideas lead to Humanists, the scholars that translated and studied these ideas and writings.

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Renaissance:Art, Architecture, Philosophy And Religion. (2019, May 28). Retrieved February 5, 2023 , from

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